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Independents for a Europe of Nations

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Independents for a Europe of Nations

Independents for a Europe of Nations
European Parliament group
I-EN logo
Name Independents for a Europe of Nations
English abbr. I-EN[1]
French abbr. I-EDN[2]
Formal name Group of Independents for a Europe of Nations[1][3]
Ideology Euroscepticism
From 20 December 1996[2]
To 20 July 1999[2]
Preceded by Europe of Nations
Succeeded by Europe of Democracies and Diversities
Chaired by

James Goldsmith (20 December 1996 to 12 May 1997)[4]
Jens-Peter Bonde (13 May 1997 to 19 July 1999)[5]
Johannes Blokland (18 September 1997 to 19 July 1999)[6]

Georges Berthu (13 May 1997 to 19 July 1999)[7]
MEP(s) 15 (5 May 1999)[8]

Independents for a Europe of Nations was a Eurosceptic political group with seats in the European Parliament between 1996 and 1999.

History

"Group of Independents for a Europe of Nations"[1][3] was founded on 20 December 1996,[2] succeeding the Europe of Nations group. Following the 1999 European elections, the Group was reorganised into the "Group for a Europe of Democracies and Diversities"[9][10] on July 20, 1999.[2]

MEPs

MEPs in Independents for a Europe of Nations on 14 December 1998 were as follows:
Member state MEPs Party MEPs Notes
Denmark 4[11] June Movement[11] 2[11] Ulla Margrethe Sandbæk,[11][12] Jens-Peter Bonde[5][11]
People's Movement against the EU[11] 2[11] Ole Krarup,[11][13] Lis Jensen[11][14]
France 8[11] Majorité pour l'autre Europe 8[11] Georges Berthu,[7][11] Stéphane Buffetaut,[11][15] Hervé Fabre-Aubrespy,[11][16] Charles De Gaulle,[11][17] Edouard C.M.P. Des Places,[11][18] Françoise Seillier,[11][19] Dominique F.C. Souchet,[11][20] Frédéric Striby[11][21]
Netherlands 2[11] SGP - GPV - RPF[11] 2[11] Rijk Van Dam,[11][22] Johannes Blokland[6][11]
United Kingdom 1[11] Ulster Unionist Party[11] 1[11] James Nicholson[11][23]
MEPs in Independents for a Europe of Nations on 4 May 1999 were as follows:
Member state MEPs Party MEPs Notes
Denmark 4[8] June Movement[8] 2[8] Ulla Margrethe Sandbæk,[8][12] Jens-Peter Bonde[5][8]
People's Movement against the EU[8] 2[8] Ole Krarup,[8][13] Lis Jensen[8][14]
France 8[8] Majorité pour l'autre Europe 8[8] Georges Berthu,[7][8] Stéphane Buffetaut,[8][15] Hervé Fabre-Aubrespy,[8][16] Raymond Chesa,[8][24] Edouard C.M.P. Des Places,[8][18] Françoise Seillier,[8][19] Dominique F.C. Souchet,[8][20] Frédéric Striby[8][21]
Netherlands 2[8] SGP - GPV - RPF[8] 2[8] Rijk Van Dam,[8][22] Johannes Blokland[6][8]
United Kingdom 1[8] Ulster Unionist Party[8] 1[8] James Nicholson[8][23]

Sources

References

  1. ^ a b c d European Parliament Elections 1999 on the BBC
  2. ^ a b c d e f IND/DEM on Europe Politique
  3. ^ a b c Group names 1999
  4. ^ a b European Parliament archive entry for James Goldsmith (incl. Membership)
  5. ^ a b c d European Parliament archive entry for Jens-Peter Bonde (incl. Membership)
  6. ^ a b c d European Parliament archive entry for Johannes Blokland (incl. Membership)
  7. ^ a b c d European Parliament archive entry for Georges Berthu (incl. Membership)
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad European Parliament News Report: 04-05-99
  9. ^ a b Political Groups Annual Accounts 2001-2006
  10. ^ a b Political Groups of the European Parliament
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac European Parliament News Report: 14-12-98
  12. ^ a b c European Parliament archive entry for Ulla Margrethe Sandbæk (incl. Membership)
  13. ^ a b c European Parliament archive entry for Ole Krarup (incl. Membership)
  14. ^ a b c European Parliament archive entry for Lis Jensen (incl. Membership)
  15. ^ a b c European Parliament archive entry for Stéphane Buffetaut (incl. Membership)
  16. ^ a b c European Parliament archive entry for Hervé Fabre-Aubrespy (incl. Membership)
  17. ^ a b European Parliament archive entry for Charles De Gaulle (incl. Membership)
  18. ^ a b c European Parliament archive entry for Edouard C.M.P. Des Places (incl. Membership)
  19. ^ a b c European Parliament archive entry for Françoise Seillier (incl. Membership)
  20. ^ a b c European Parliament archive entry for Dominique F.C. Souchet (incl. Membership)
  21. ^ a b c European Parliament archive entry for Frédéric Striby (incl. Membership)
  22. ^ a b c European Parliament archive entry for Rijk Van Dam (incl. Membership)
  23. ^ a b c European Parliament archive entry for James Nicholson (incl. Membership)
  24. ^ a b European Parliament archive entry for Raymond Chesa (incl. Membership)
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