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Indonesian National Party

Indonesian National Party
Partai Nasional Indonesia
Founder Sukarno
Founded July 4, 1927 (1927-07-04)
Dissolved January 11, 1973 (1973-01-11)
Merged into Indonesian Democratic Party
Headquarters Jakarta
Membership  (1929) 10,000
Ideology Nationalism
Marhaenism
Political position Centre-left
International affiliation None
Politics of Indonesia
Political parties
Elections

The Indonesian National Party (Indonesian: Partai Nasional Indonesia, PNI) is the name used by several political parties in Indonesia from 1927 until the present day.

Contents

  • Pre-independence 1
  • Post-independence 2
  • References 3
  • Notes 4

Pre-independence

On July 4, 1927,

  1. ^ Ricklefs (1982) pp.174-176
  2. ^ Kahin (1970) pp. 90-93
  3. ^ Kahin (1970) p148
  4. ^ Ricklefs (1982) p209
  5. ^ Kahin (1970) p155
  6. ^ Gosnell(1958)
  7. ^ Liddle (1978) p46
  8. ^ Bambang Setiawan & Bestian Nainggolan (Eds) (2004) pp. 25-26
  9. ^ Evans (2003) p23

Notes

  • Bambang Setiawan & Bestian Nainggolan (Eds) (2004) Partai-Partai Politik Indonesia: Ideologi dan Program 2004-2009 (Indonesian Political Parties: Ideologies and Programs 2004-2009 Kompas ISBN 979-709-121-X (Indonesian)
  • Evans, Kevin Raymond, (2003) The History of Political Parties & General Elections in Indonesia, Arise Consultancies, Jakarta, ISBN 979-97445-0-4
  • Gosnell, Harold F. (1958) Indonesians Go to the Polls: The Parties and their Stand on Constitutional Issues in Midwest Journal of Political Science
  • Kahin, George McTurnan (1970), Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia, Cornell University Press, ISBN 0-8014-9108-8
  • Liddle, R. William, The 1977 Indonesian and New Order Legitimacy, South East Asian Affairs 1978, Translation published in Pemilu-Pemilu Orde Baru, LP3ES, Jakarta, ISBN 979-8015-88-6 (Indonesian)
  • Ricklefs, M.C. (1982), A History of Modern Indonesia, Macmillan Southeast Asian reprint, ISBN 0-333-24380-3

References

After the fall of President Suharto in 1998, the part was revived and contested the 1999 legislative election as the Indonesian National Party Marhaenism.[7][8][9]

The left wing of the party was purged following the 1965 coup attempt by the 1971 elections. It came third, but won less than 7% of the vote. In 1973, the PNI along with other nationalist and Christian parties was merged into the Indonesian Democratic Party in order to limit the number of political parties and to weaken opposition to the regime.

In January 1946, the Indonesian National Party was revived, but this time without Sukarno, who as president, was above politics.[4] The party attracted considerable support due to its having the same name as Sukarno's original party as well as the short-lived party of August 1945.[5] The party had many key governmental posts from 1945 on and won the largest share of votes in the first Indonesian general election in 1955. The party programme embraced above all nationalism; it also favoured a strong centralized government and secularism.[6]

Following the Indonesian Declaration of Independence in August 1945, on the same day as the Central Indonesian National Committee (KNIP) was established, August 22, the Indonesian National Party was established as a state party. However, it was dissolved on September 1 as it was deemed unnecessary.[3]

Post-independence

[2][1]

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