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Intergovernmental Authority on Development


Intergovernmental Authority on Development

Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
Autorité intergouvernementale pour le développement
Headquarters Djibouti City
Official languages English
 -  Executive Secretary Mahboub Maalim
Establishment January 1986
 -  Total 5,204,977 km2
1,997,303 sq mi
GDP (PPP) estimate
 -  Total $337.82 billion
GDP (nominal) estimate
 -  Total $197.202 billion
 -  Per capita $888.5
Time zone East Africa Time (UTC+3)

The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is an eight-country trade bloc in Africa. It includes governments from the Horn of Africa, Nile Valley, and the African Great Lakes. Its headquarters are in Djibouti City.


  • Member states 1
  • Formation 2
  • Current situation 4
  • Structure 5
  • Comparison with other regional trade blocs 6
  • See also 7
  • Notes 8
  • External links 9

Member states

Horn of Africa
Nile Valley
African Great Lakes
  •  Kenya (founding member 1986)
  •  Uganda (founding member 1986)


The Intergovernmental Authority on Development was established in 1986. It succeeded the earlier Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD), a multinational body founded in 1986 by Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda and Kenya, with a focus on development and environmental control. IGADD's headquarters were later moved to Djibouti, following an agreement signed in January 1986 by the member states. Eritrea joined the organization in 1993, upon achieving independence.[3]

In April 1995, the Assembly of Heads of State and Government met in

  • IGAD official site
  • Agreement Establishing the Intergovernmental Authority on Development
  • IGAD Profile (Institute for Security Studies)
  • Conflict Early Warning and Response Mechanism (CEWARN)

External links

  1. ^ "Intergovernmental Authority on Development: About us: History". IGAD. 9 January 2010. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "East African bloc admits South Sudan as member". Reuters Africa. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "IGAD - About us". Intergovernmental Authority on Development. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "SOMALIA: African Union endorses regional peace plan". IRIN. 14 September 2006. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Resolution 1744 (2007)" (PDF). United Nations Security Council. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 


See also

Comparison with other regional trade blocs

  • The Assembly of Heads of State and Government is the supreme policy making organ of the Authority. It determines the objectives, guidelines and programs for IGAD and meets once a year. A Chairman is elected from among the member states in rotation.
  • The Secretariat is headed by an Executive Secretary appointed by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government for a term of four years renewable once. The Secretariat assists member states in formulating regional projects in the priority areas, facilitates the coordination and harmonization of development policies, mobilizes resources to implement regional projects and programs approved by the Council and reinforces national infrastructures necessary for implementing regional projects and policies. The current Executive Secretary is Eng. Mahboub Maalim of Kenya (since 14 June 2008).
  • The Council of Ministers is composed of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs and one other Minister designated by each member state. The Council formulates policy, approves the work program and annual budget of the Secretariat during its biannual sessions.
  • The Committee of Ambassadors comprises IGAD member states' Ambassadors or Plenipotentiaries accredited to the country of IGAD Headquarters. It convenes as often as the need arises to advise and guide the Executive Secretary.


  • IGAD is a principal supporter of the Federal Government of Somalia through the AMISOM initiative.
  • IGAD expanded its activities in 2008 with initiatives to improve the investment, trade and banking environments of member states. The organization stressed the deployment of highly innovative programmes and mechanisms.

Current situation

On 21 February 2007, the United Nations Security Council approved Resolution 1744, which authorized the deployment of a new African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) in place of IGASOM.[5]

In September 2006, the AU Peace and Security Council approved an IGAD proposal to deploy an IGAD Peace Support Mission in Somalia (IGASOM).[4]

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the African Union



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