World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ionospheric Connection Explorer

Article Id: WHEBN0033254985
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ionospheric Connection Explorer  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk, 2017 in spaceflight, Launch Services Program
Collection: 2017 in Spaceflight, Explorers Program (NASA)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ionospheric Connection Explorer

The Ionospheric Connection Explorer
The ICON observational geometry, showing both in situ and remote sensing of the ionosphere-thermosphere system
Credit: ICON team
Operator NASA
Mission type Earth observatory
Launch date 2017[1]
Launch vehicle Pegasus XL
Mission duration 2 years
Orbits Low Earth orbit

The Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) is a planned science mission for NASA's Explorer program, designed to study the connection between the Earth’s weather and space weather. Led by the University of California, Berkeley,[2] ICON will provide NASA’s Heliophysics Division with a new capability to observe the connection between the Earth’s thermosphere and ionosphere.[3] ICON was one of 11 proposals selected for NASA funding in September 2011, down from the original 22 submitted in February of that year.[4] On April 12, 2013, NASA announced that ICON, along with Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD), had been selected for launch in 2017.[1] The principal investigator of ICON is Thomas Immel of the University of California, Berkeley.[1]

Mission concept

Once launched, ICON will perform a two-year mission to observe conditions in both the thermosphere and ionosphere.[1] ICON will be equipped with four instruments: a Michelson interferometer, built by the United States Naval Research Laboratory, will measure the winds in the thermosphere; an ion drift meter, to be built by UT Dallas, will measure the motion of charged particles in the ionosphere; and two Ultraviolet imagers will observe the airglow layers in the upper atmosphere in order to determine both ionospheric and thermospheric density and composition.


  1. ^ a b c d "NASA Selects Explorer Investigations for Formulation".  
  2. ^ "UC Berkeley selected to build NASA’s next space weather satellite".  
  3. ^ "The Ionospheric Connection Explorer". ICON, Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California Berkeley. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "NASA Selects Science Investigations For Concept Studies" (Press release). NASA. 29 September 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2013. 

External links

  • NASA Explorer program website
  • University of California Berkeley ICON Explorer website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.