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Islam in Ivory Coast

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Title: Islam in Ivory Coast  
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Subject: Islam in Africa, Islam in Ivory Coast, Islam in Réunion, Islam by country horizontal, Islam in Cape Verde
Collection: Islam by Country, Islam in Ivory Coast
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Islam in Ivory Coast

Central mosque in Marcory.

Tariqa) for the purification and spread of Islam, is also widespread, laced with indigenous beliefs and practices. The four major Sufi brotherhoods are all represented in Ivory Coast, although the Qadiriya, founded in the eleventh century, and the Tidjaniya, founded in the eighteenth century, are most popular. The Qadiriya is prevalent in the west, and the Tidjaniya, in the east. The other two major Islamic brotherhoods have few adherents in Ivory Coast. The Senoussiya is identified with Libya, where its influence is substantial. Ahmadiyya movement is also present in Ivory Coast.

The significant religious authority is the marabout. He is believed to be a miracle worker, a physician, and a mystic, who exercises both magical and moral authority. He is also respected as a dispenser of amulets, which protect the wearer—Muslim or non-Muslim—against evil. The influence of marabouts has produced a number of reactions in Ivoirian society, among them a series of reformist movements. These reform movements often condemn Sufism and marabouts as un-Islamic, but the poor see that marabouts often speak out on behalf of the downtrodden.

Hamallism began as an Islamic reform movement in the French Sudan early in the twentieth century and has provided a channel for expressing political and religious discontent. Its founder, Hamallah, was exiled from the French Sudan to Ivory Coast during the 1930s. He preached Islamic reform tempered by tolerance of many local practices, but he condemned many aspects of Sufism. Orthodox brotherhoods were able to convince the French authorities in Ivory Coast that Hamallah had been responsible for earlier political uprisings in the French Sudan. Authorities then expelled Hamallah from Ivory Coast and banned his teachings.

The massive immigration of Muslims from the Muslim majority countries Burkina Faso and Mali helped to increase the number of Muslims substantially.


See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ Noble Timothy Myers. The Huevolution of Sacred Muur Science Past and Present. p. 72. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  3. ^ Dissertation Abstracts International: The humanities and social sciences. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  4. ^ Richard Brent Turner. Islam in the African-American Experience. p. 130. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
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