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Islam in Scotland

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Title: Islam in Scotland  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Religion in Scotland, Bahá'í Faith in Scotland, Action of Churches Together in Scotland, Buddhism in Scotland, Hinduism in Scotland
Collection: Islam in Scotland
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Islam in Scotland

Islam in Scotland includes all aspects of the Islamic faith in Scotland. The first Muslim known to have been in Scotland was a medical student who studied at the University of Edinburgh from 1858 to 1859. The production of goods and Glasgow's busy port meant that many lascars were employed there. Most Muslims in Scotland are members of families that immigrated in the later decades of the 20th century. At the 2011 census, Muslims comprised 1.4 per cent of Scotland's population (76,737).


  • History 1
  • Mosques 2
  • Notable Scottish Muslims 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The first named Muslim known in Scotland was Wazir Beg from Bombay (now "Mumbai"). He is recorded as being a medical student who studied at the University of Edinburgh in 1858 and 1859.[1] Manufacturing and Glasgow's busy seaport meant that many lascars were employed there. Dundee was at the peak of importing jute, and sailors from Bengal were also seen at its port. Records from the Glasgow Sailors' Home show that nearly a third (5,500) of the boarders in 1903 were Muslim lascars.

However, the immigration of Muslims to Scotland is a relatively recent event. The majority of Scottish Muslims are members of families who immigrated in the late 20th century. Scotland's Muslims in 2001 represented just 0.9% of the population (42,557),[2] with 30,000 in Glasgow.[3] By 2011, the Muslim population had increased to 76,737, accounting for 1.4% of Scotland's population.[4] Muslims are the third largest non-Christian group after atheists and agnostics. Many Scottish Muslims are of South Asian descent, primarily originating in Pakistan.


Glasgow Central Mosque is one of the biggest Sunni mosques in Glasgow

Three important mosques in Scotland are Edinburgh Central Mosque, which took more than six years to complete at a cost of £3.5m[5] and has a main hall that can hold over one thousand worshippers,[6] Glasgow Central Mosque and Dundee Central Mosque are also important mosques.

Notable Scottish Muslims

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Young Muslims UK, accessed 4 August 2010
  4. ^ "Scotland's Census 2011 – Table KS209SCb" (PDF). Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  5. ^ Edinburgh mosque opens "BBC new report" . 1998-07-31. Retrieved 2008-07-02. 
  6. ^ "Muslim Directory". Retrieved 2008-07-02. 
  7. ^ "Summit on religious harmony is thrown into discord by Malaysia". The Times. Retrieved 13 May 2010. 

External links

  • The Muslim Council of Scotland
  • The Scottish-Islamic Foundation
  • Census 2001: Key Statistics of Scotland (PDF, religion KS027)
  • What is sectarianism?
  • Reaching out in Edinburgh
  • Last Muslim School in Scotland Faces Closure Deadline at the Wayback Machine (archived September 26, 2007), Islam Online
  • "Islam misunderstood", BBC
  • Scottish Left Review article on Islam in Scotland
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