World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ivan Papanin

Article Id: WHEBN0004544408
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ivan Papanin  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Drifting ice station, North Pole, North Pole-1, Chief Directorate of the Northern Sea Route, North Pole-2
Collection: 1894 Births, 1986 Deaths, Double Heroes of the Soviet Union, Franz Josef Land, People from Sevastopol, Recipients of the Order of Friendship of Peoples, Recipients of the Order of Lenin, Nine Times, Recipients of the Order of Nakhimov, 1St Class, Recipients of the Order of the October Revolution, Recipients of the Order of the Patriotic War, 1St Class, Recipients of the Order of the Red Banner of Labour, Twice, Recipients of the Order of the Red Banner, Twice, Recipients of the Order of the Red Star, Russian and Soviet Polar Explorers, Russian Explorers, Soviet Admirals
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ivan Papanin

Ivan Papanin on the Polar Station North Pole-1

Ivan Dmitrievich Papanin (Russian: Иван Дмитриевич Папанин, 26 November [O.S. 14 November] 1894 – January 30, 1986) was a Russian Polar Explorer, Scientist, Counter Admiral, twice Hero of the Soviet Union awarded nine Orders of Lenin

Ivan was born in Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel.

In 1923-1932 he worked for Narkomat of Communications. In 1931 he took part in the expedition of the icebreaker Malygin to Franz Josef Land. In 1932-1933 he was the head of a polar expedition on Tikhaya Bay on Franz Josef Land. In 1934-1935 he was in command of a polar station on Cape Chelyuskin.

In 1937-1938 he was in charge of the famous expedition North Pole-1.[1] Four researchers: Ivan Papanin, Ernst Krenkel, Evgeny Fedorov and Petr Shirshov landed on the drifting ice-floes in an airplane flown by Mikhail Vodopyanov. For 234 days, Papanin's team carried out a wide range of scientific observations in the near-polar zone, until taken back by the two icebreakers "Murman" and "Taimyr". It was the first expedition of its kind in the world. All members of the expedition received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, which was extremely rare before World War II.

In 1939-1946 Papanin was the successor to Sedovicebreaker . During World War II he was the representative of the State Defence Committee (Gosudarstvennij Komiet Oborony) responsible for all transportation by the Northern Sea Route. In 1941-1952 he was a member of the Central Revision Commission of the Communist Party. In 1948-1951 he was the deputy director of Institute for Oceanology of the USSR Academy of Sciences and from 1951 until his death in 1986 he was the Head of the Academy's Department of Maritime Expeditions. In 1956-1972 he was also the director of the Institute for the Biology of Inland Waters (Bilogii Vnutrennikh Vod).

Papanin's name has been given to a cape on the Taimyr Peninsula, a mountain in Antarctica, and an underwater mountain in the Pacific Ocean. Ivan Papanin's name was also given to an ice-class cargo and research ship (call sign: UCJE) built in 1990 that operates in both Arctic seas and the Antarctic.

Honours and awards

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Русский WorldHeritage.

other medals and foreign decorations.


  1. ^ "North Pole Drifting Stations (1930s-1980s)".  

External links

  • (Russian) Biography
  • (Russian) Biography
  • (Russian) published in the Kommersant NewspaperThe Chief Ice-Floe of the Soviet StateAlexander Malakhov
  • (Russian) Papanin and Arctic at Moscow Centre of the Russian Geographical Society
  • Papanyin - The biography of Papanin (Hungary)
  • Ivan Papanin icebreaker ship details at, including position maps
  • Ivan Papanin's tracking map and meteorological data
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.