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Ivanovo Oblast

 

Ivanovo Oblast

Ivanovo Oblast
Ивановская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Anthem: none[1]
Coordinates:
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district Central[2]
Economic region Central[3]
Established March 11, 1936[4]
Administrative center Ivanovo
Government (as of October 2013)
 • Governor[5] Pavel Konkov[6]
 • Legislature Oblast Duma[5]
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[7]
 • Total 21,800 km2 (8,400 sq mi)
Area rank 73rd
Population (2010 Census)[8]
 • Total 1,061,651
 • Rank 49th
 • Density[9] 48.7/km2 (126/sq mi)
 • Urban 80.9%
 • Rural 19.1%
Population (January 2014 est.)
 • Total 1,043,130[10]
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+03:00)[11]
ISO 3166-2 RU-IVA
License plates 37
Official languages Russian[12]
Official website

Ivanovo Oblast (Russian: Ива́новская о́бласть, Ivanovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). It had a population of 1,061,651 as of the 2010 Russian Census.[8]

Its three largest cities are Ivanovo (the administrative center), Kineshma, and Shuya. The principal center of tourism is Plyos. The Volga River flows through the northern part of the oblast.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Politics 3
  • Demographics 4
    • Religion 4.1
  • Administrative divisions 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
    • Notes 7.1
    • Sources 7.2

History

Ivanovo Industrial Oblast (Ива́новская промы́шленная о́бласть) was established on October 1, 1929.[13] On March 11, 1936, a part of it became the modern Ivanovo Oblast while the remainder was split off to create Yaroslavl Oblast.[4]

Geography

Ivanovo Oblast shares borders with Kostroma Oblast (N), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (E), Vladimir Oblast (S), and Yaroslavl Oblast (W). Climate of Ivanovo Oblast is continental, with long, cold winters, and short, warm summers. The coldest month is January with average temperature of −12 °C (10 °F) in the west and −13 °C (9 °F) in the east. Warmest month is July with average temperature of about +18 °C (64 °F).

Politics

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: the first secretary of the Ivanovo CPSU Committee (who in reality had the greatest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU has lost all the power. Since then, the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor, was appointed/elected alongside an elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Ivanovo Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Ivanovo Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day-to-day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Demographics

Population: 1,061,651 (2010 Census);[8] 1,148,329 (2002 Census);[14] 1,317,117 (1989 Census).[15]

2012
  • Births: 11 581 (11.0 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 17 679 (16.8 per 1000) [16]
  • Total fertility rate:[17]

2009 - 1.44 | 2010 - 1.40 | 2011 - 1.41 | 2012 - 1.51 | 2013 - 1.55 | 2014 - 1.57(e)

Ethnic composition (2010):[8]

  • Russians: 95.6%
  • Ukrainians: 0.8%
  • Tatars: 0.7%
  • Armenians: 0.4%
  • Azeris: 0.3%
  • Others: 2.2%
  • 54,882 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[18]

Religion




Religion in Ivanovo Oblast (2012)[19][20]

  Russian Orthodox (46.5%)
  Other Orthodox (8%)
  Unaffiliated Christian (2%)
  Rodnover (1%)
  Muslim (1%)
  Spiritual but not religious (28%)
  Atheist (13%)
  Other or undeclared (0.5%)

According to a 2012 official survey[19] 46.5% of the population of Ivanovo Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 8% adheres to other Orthodox Churches, 2% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% of the population adheres to Slavic Rodnovery (Slavic Neopaganism), and 1% are Muslims. In addition, 28% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 13% is atheist, and 0.5% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[19]

Administrative divisions

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Article 5 of the Charter of Ivanovo Oblast states that the symbols of the oblast include a flag and a coat of arms, but not an anthem.
  2. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. ^ a b Ivanovo Oblast. Administrative-Territorial Structure, p. 26
  5. ^ a b Charter, Article 9
  6. ^ Official website of Ivanovo Oblast. Pavel Alexeyevich Konkov, Governor of Ivanovo Oblast (Russian)
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b c d
  9. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  10. ^ Ivanovo Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность постоянного населения по муниципальным образованиям Ивановской области (Russian)
  11. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  12. ^ Official on the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  13. ^ Ivanovo Oblast. Administrative-Territorial Structure, p. 22
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  17. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  18. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  19. ^ a b c Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  20. ^ 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved September 24, 2012.

Sources

  • Ивановская областная Дума. Закон №20-ОЗ от 18 февраля 2009 г. «Устав Ивановской области», в ред. Закона №46-ОЗ от 3 июня 2015 г. «О внесении поправки в Устав Ивановской области». Вступил в силу 1 марта 2009 г. Опубликован: "Ивановская газета", №28(4395), 19 февраля 2009 г. (Ivanovo Oblast Duma. Law #20-OZ of February 18, 2009 Charter of Ivanovo Oblast, as amended by the Law #46-OZ of June 3, 2015 On Amending the Charter of Ivanovo Oblast. Effective as of March 1, 2009.).
  • Администрация Ивановской области (Administration of Ivanovo Oblast). "Ивановская область. Административно-территориальное деление по состоянию на 1 января 2001 г." (Ivanovo Oblast. Administrative-Territorial Structure as of January 1, 2001). Иваново, 2001.
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