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Ján Golian

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Title: Ján Golian  
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Subject: Rudolf Viest, Ján, Slovak National Uprising, War/Selected anniversaries/November 3, Milan Rastislav Stefanik Order
Collection: 1906 Births, 1945 Deaths, Czechoslovak Military Personnel Killed in World War II, Czechoslovak Prisoners of War, Czechoslovak Soldiers, Executed Czechoslovak People, Executed Generals and Admirals, Executed Slovak People, Military Personnel Who Died in Nazi Concentration Camps, People from Dombóvár, People Who Died in Flossenbürg Concentration Camp, Recipients of the Milan Rastislav Stefanik Order, Recipients of the Order of Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak Military Personnel, Slovak National Uprising, Slovak People of World War II
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Ján Golian

Ján Golian (January 26, 1906, 1st Czechoslovak Army in Slovakia during the Slovak National Uprising against the Nazis.[1]


He was born on the January 26, 1906 in the village Dombóvár in today's Hungary. His parents, native Slovaks came from Šurany. He studied at the Military Academy in Hranice, in 1927 received the rank of lieutenant of artillery. In 1937 he received the rank of captain. He served as a staff officer in Trenčín. Belonged to a group of an anti-Nazi oriented officers. Since January 1944 he was appointed chief of staff of the Slovak Ground Forces in Banská Bystrica, where he gathered a group of influential anti-nazi oriented officers sustaining contact with the Czechoslovak government-in-exile in London.

He was the supreme military leader of the uprising from April 27, 1944 (while the uprising was still in preparation) until the arrival of Division General Július Nosko, Golian assumed that insurgents defense against the German attacks could not last more than 14 days.[2] On October 7, 1944 Golian was replaced in command of the insurrection forces by general Viest. Afterwards, General Ján Golian served as Viest's deputy. Despite fierce fighting, the outnumbered and surrounded insurrectionist army could not resist well-equipped and better trained German forces. When Viest and Golian ordered their remaining units to start a guerrilla war on October 27, 1944, they did not know that it would be the last order they issued. Both Generals were captured by German special forces on November 3, 1944 in Pohronský Bukovec. He was detained in the Flossenbürg concentration camp at the end of the war. Information about him in the last days of the war vanish.[3] It is believed that he was tortured and then murdered in Nazi concentration camp together with general Viest. Golian was officially listed as missing for 2 years after the war.


  1. ^ Segeš, V. (Ed.), Baka, I., Čaplovič, M., Cséfalvay, F., Dnagl, V., Maskalík, A., Purdek, I., Štaigl, J. & Štefanský, M., 2007, Slovakia Military Chronicle. Perfekt, Bratislava, p. 129 (in English)
  2. ^ Nosko J., 1994, Takto bojovala povstalecká armáda. (Thus insurgent army fought) NVK International, spol. s.r.o., Bratislava, p. 46 (In Slovak)
  3. ^ Jablonický, J., 2004, Samizdat o odboji. Štúdie a články. 1. (Samizdat about resistance. Articles and studies. 1) Kalligram, Bratislava, 528 pp. (in Slovak)
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