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Jarvis Island


Jarvis Island

e">[18] A crude aircraft landing area was cleared on the northeast side of the island, and a T-shaped marker which was intended to be seen from the air was made from gathered stones, but no airplane is known to have ever landed there.

At the beginning of World War II, an Imperial Japanese Navy submarine surfaced off the west coast of the Island. Believing that it was a U.S. Navy submarine which had come to fetch them, the four young colonists rushed down the steep western beach in front of Millersville towards the shore. The submarine answered their waves with fire from its deck gun, but no one was hurt in the attack. On February 7, 1942, the USCGC Taney evacuated the colonists, then shelled and burned the dwellings. The roughly cleared landing area on the island's northeast end was later shelled by the Japanese, leaving crater holes.[19]

International Geophysical Year

Coral at Jarvis Island National Wildlife Refuge

Jarvis was visited by scientists during the International Geophysical Year from July 1957 until November 1958. In January 1958 all scattered building ruins from both the nineteenth century guano diggings and the 1935-1942 colonization attempt were swept away without a trace by a severe storm which lasted several days and was witnessed by the scientists. When the IGY research project ended the island was abandoned again.[20] By the early 1960s a few sheds, a century of accumulated trash, the scientists' house from the late 1950s and a solid, short lighthouse-like day beacon built two decades before were the only signs of human habitation on Jarvis.

National Wildlife Refuge

On June 27, 1974, Secretary of the Interior

  • Jarvis Island Home Page Website with photos, weather, and more.
  • Jarvis Island information website Has several photos of the old Millersville settlement, together with more modern photos of the island.
  • WorldStatesmen Offers brief data on Jarvis island.
  • U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Jarvis Island National Wildlife Refuge The Jarvis Island refuge site.

External links

  1. ^  
  2. ^ a b c "Jarvis Island". DOI Office of Insular Affairs. Retrieved January 26, 2007. 
  3. ^ "Jarvis Island".  
  4. ^ Pacific Remote Islands National Wildlife Refuge Complex, Jarvis Island NWR Draft CCP EA, August 2007, retrieved November 25, 2010: "No information is available on the subsurface hydrology of Jarvis Island. However, its small size and prevailing arid rainfall conditions would not likely result in the formation of a drinkable groundwater lens. During staff visits to Jarvis, potable water is carried in containers to the island for short visits."
  5. ^ "United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges". Retrieved January 26, 2007. 
  6. ^
  7. ^ "North Pacific Pilot page 282" (png). Retrieved January 26, 2007. 
  8. ^ "R. v. Higgins, Fuller, Anderson, Thomas, Belford and Walsh". legal proceeding. Retrieved January 25, 2007. 
  9. ^ "GAO/OGC-98-5 - U.S. Insular Areas: Application of the U.S. Constitution". U.S. Government Printing Office. November 7, 1997. Retrieved March 23, 2013. 
  10. ^ "The Guano Companies in Litigation--A Case of Interest to Stockholders". New York Times. May 3, 1865. Retrieved March 23, 2013. 
  11. ^ George F. Nellist, ed. (1925). "Samuel Gardner Wilder". The Story of Hawaii and Its Builders.  
  12. ^ "The Story of Henry Winkelmann and Harold Willey Hudson on Jarvis Island". Retrieved January 8, 2008. 
  13. ^ a b Arundel, Sydney (1909). "Kodak photographs, Jarvis Island". Steve Higley. Retrieved April 23, 2013. 
  14. ^  
  15. ^ Maslyn Williams & Barrie Macdonald (1985). The Phosphateers. Melbourne University Press.  
  16. ^ Edwin H. Bryan, Jr. (1974). "Panala'au Memoirs". Pacific Scientific Information Center - Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii. Retrieved April 23, 2013. 
  17. ^ Bryan, E.H. "Jarvis Island" Retrieved: July 7, 2008.
  18. ^ Bryan, Edwin H., Jr. Panala'au Memoirs. Retrieved: July 7, 2008. Contains several photos of the Millersville settlement, together with a diary of events in the colony.
  19. ^ "History of Jarvis Island". "World War Two" section of article. Retrieved January 25, 2007.  Shell holes were later noted in the aircraft landing area.
  20. ^ The IGY station chief was Otto H Homung (d. 1958) who apparently died on the island and may have been buried there.
  21. ^ White, Susan (October 26, 2011). "Welcome to Jarvis Island National Wildlife Refuge". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved March 4, 2012. 
  22. ^  
  23. ^ "Jarvis Island National Wildlife Refuge". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved March 4, 2012. 
  24. ^ "United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges". Retrieved January 26, 2007. 


See also

Public entry to Jarvis Island requires a special-use permit and is generally restricted to scientists and educators. The island is visited periodically by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the United States Coast Guard.[24]

A feral cat population, descendants of cats brought by guano miners, wrought disruption to the island's wildlife and vegetation since the 1930s. These cats were removed through efforts which began in the mid-1960s and lasted until 1990 when they were completely eradicated.[23] Nineteenth century tram track remains can be seen in the dried lagoon bed at the island's center and the late 1930s-era lighthouse-shaped day beacon still stands on the western shore at the site of Millersville.


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