World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jingdezhen ware

Article Id: WHEBN0021837181
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jingdezhen ware  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Factory mark, Porcelain, Fonthill Vase, China painting, Tianqi porcelain
Collection: Chinese Porcelain
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Jingdezhen ware

Qingbai ("Blueish-white") glazed bowl with carved peony designs, Jingdezhen, Southern Song, 1127-1279.

Jingdezhen ware (Chinese: 景德镇陶瓷) refers to ceramics, particularly porcelain, produced in the vicinity of Jingdezhen, China. Jingdezhen is believed to have produced pottery as early as the sixth century CE.

Contents

  • Jingdezhen bluish-white ware 1
  • Jingdezhen blue-and-white porcelain 2
  • Qing period 3
  • Contemporary productions 4
  • See also 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Jingdezhen bluish-white ware

The Fonthill vase was the earliest piece of Chinese porcelain documented to reach Europe, in 1338.

Jingdezhen ware became particularly important from the Song period with the production of Qingbai (青白, "Blueish-white") ware. The Jingdezhen Qingbai was a transparent and jade-like type of porcelain, with a blueish-white glaze. Decoration was made by delicate carving or incising.[1]

The earliest piece of Chinese porcelain documented to have reached Europe, was a Qingbai porcelain bottle from Jingdezhen, which arrived in Europe in the middle of the 14th century: the Fonthill vase.

Later, Jingdezhen produced Shufu ware, named after the two character inscription on some pieces. Shufu may mean the pieces were ordered for the Shumiyuan (Ministry of Defense). The Shufu pieces have a thick, somewhat opaque, glaze, almost white in color, with a faint blue-green tint.[1]

Jingdezhen blue-and-white porcelain

Early blue and white porcelain, manufactured circa 1335, Jingdezhen.

From the mid-14th century, Jindezhen began to mass-produced underglaze blue porcelain.[1] During the Ming period, official kilns for Imperial productions were established in Jingdezhen.[1]

Qing period

With the Qing period, designs became more varied, combined folk and Imperial styles, and Jingdezhen ware became famous around the world.[1] Export were hampered after the French jesuit François Xavier d'Entrecolles visited Jingdezhen and wrote to Europe about its manufacturing secret between 1712 and 1720. From that point, European countries would start to rival Chinese porcelain productions, initially by imitating Chinese styles, and later by developing their own original artistic patterns.

Contemporary productions

Porcelain workshop in Jingdezhen
20th century Jingdezhen ware, with factory mark: 中国景德镇 ("China Jingdezhen") and MADE IN CHINA in English.

Jingdezhen ware continues to be produced to this day, with Jingdezhen porcelain being shipped around the world.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Shanghai Museum permanent exhibit

References

  • Dillon, Michael, Transport and Marketing in the Development of the Jingdezhen Porcelain Industry during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 35, No. 3, 1992, 278-290.
  • Hanaoka and Barberri trans., Masahiko Sato, Chinese Ceramics: A Short History, Weatherhill, New York and Tokyo, 1981, 195-205.

External links

  • A Handbook of Chinese Ceramics from The Metropolitan Museum of Art
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.