World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jobbers Canyon Historic District

Article Id: WHEBN0012177035
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jobbers Canyon Historic District  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Omaha, Nebraska, Omaha Rail and Commerce Historic District, Omaha, Nebraska, Tourism in Omaha, National Register of Historic Places
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Jobbers Canyon Historic District

Jobbers Canyon Historic District
Formerly listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places
A view of the canyon.
Location Farnam Street on the north, South Eighth Street on the east, Jackson Street on the south, and South Tenth Street on the west, Downtown Omaha, Nebraska
Built 1920
Architect John Latenser; Et al.
Architectural style Renaissance, Romanesque, Richardsonian Romanesque
NRHP Reference # 86003408
Significant dates
Added to NRHP 1979[1]
Removed from NRHP March 26, 2002[2]

Jobbers Canyon Historic District was a large industrial and warehouse area comprising 24 buildings located in downtown Omaha, Nebraska, USA. It was roughly bound by Farnam Street on the north, South Eighth Street on the east, Jackson Street on the south, and South Tenth Street on the west.[3] In 1989, all 24 buildings in Jobbers Canyon were demolished, representing the largest National Register historic district lost to date.[4][5]


The development of Jobber's Canyon mirrored Omaha's emergence as a central hub in the Union Pacific and Credit Foncier of America in Omaha, the city quickly turned into a transportation hub.[6] Fruit and vegetable wholesalers, meatpackers, and all sorts of supply people created a range of businesses, building almost 24 densely congested buildings in a seven-block by three-block area in downtown Omaha. At its peak, Jobbers Canyon had more than 1,700,000 square feet (160,000 m2) of office, warehouse, industrial and shipping space.[7]

Speaking in 1987 about Jobber's Canyon, J. Jackson Walter, president of the National Trust for Historic Preservation said, "The warehouse district, to the best of my knowledge, is certainly one of the Middle West's or the nation's finest collection of this sort of buildings."[8]

Individual properties

All of Omaha's largest and most notable wholesale and mercantile businesses built massive warehouse structures in the area by the early 20th century. Six and seven story red brick buildings filled with jobbing houses towered over red brick streets, creating a canyon-like feeling and leading to the area becoming called "Jobber's Canyon". The brick-surfaced South Ninth Street was an important streetscape in the city, with brick and cobblestone streets, railroad spur lines, loading docks, and dock canopies all contributing to the character of Jobbers Canyon.[9]

The area included the Kingman Implement Company building, also called the U.S. Tire building, located at 923 Farnam Street. It was built in 1900 as a six-story brick Renaissance Revival style structure. Kingman was a wholesale distributor of farm implements and vehicles. The Fairbanks, Morse and Company building at 923 Farnam Street was six stories tall. It was designed in 1907 by Omaha architects Fisher and Lawrie. In 1907 Fairbanks, Morse and Company was the largest manufacturer of gasoline, kerosene, and crude oil engines in the United States.

In 1906, architect Charles Cleves designed a six story building for the U.S. Supply Company, which distributed of wholesale steam, water and plumbing supplies. The Dempster Building was a five story Renaissance Revival style warehouse designed by Omaha architect John Latenser, Sr. in 1902. The Dempster Mill Manufacturing Company started as a small retail pump and windmill shop in 1880 and eventually grew to become a major manufacturer of windmills and farm implements. Architects Fisher & Lawrie designed another six story red brick warehouse structure in 1900 for the Lee-Glass-Andreesen Hardware Company, which originated in 1880 as Lee, Fried & Co. They were wholesalers of hardware, cutlery and tinware.

The eight story Creighton Block was built for John A. Creighton to house the Byrne and Hammer Dry Goods Company. The most ornate building in Jobbers Canyon, this Renaissance Revival style structure was designed by architect Charles Cleves.[9] Today the Greenhouse Apartments at 900 Farnam Street are the only building left from the original Jobbers Canyon.

The Nash Block at 902 Farnam Street was designed by Thomas R. Kimball and built in 1907.

Jobber's Canyon Buildings Address Built Demolished Notes
U.S. Supply Co. 1989
Kingman Implement Co. 1989
Harding Cream Co. 1989
H.J. Lee warehouse 1989
Fairbanks, Morse and Co. 923 Farnam Street 1989
Dempster 1989
Crane Co. then Nogg Brothers Paper Co. 1989
Carpenter Paper Co. 1989
John Deere Plow Co. 1989
Creighton Block 1989
Rector and Wilhelmy Co. 1989
Richardson 1989
D. H. Food Co. 1989
J.I. Case Plow Works 1989
Trimble Brothers 1989
American Radiator Co. 1989
John Day Co. 1989
Brunswick-Balke-Collender 1989
Nash Block 1907 1989
Omaha Cold Storage Co. 1989
Lee-Coit-Andreesen Hardware Co. 1989


The M.E. Smith Building, designed by Fredrick S. Stott, built in 1920 and formerly located at 201 South 10th Street. It was demolished in 1989.

Agriculture-related industries have always been important to Omaha's workforce. In addition to the meat industry, major employers have included the Kellogg Company and the Campbell Soup Company, which produces frozen Swanson and LeMenu products in Omaha. Exercising its influence, industry giant ConAgra transformed the skyline by demolishing Jobber's Canyon in 1989. Its world headquarters sat on 30 acres (120,000 m2) of the former historic district until the company moved their headquarters to Chicago in 2015.[10] At the time Charles M. Harper, chief executive of ConAgra, was asked about the district, and responded saying it was "some big, ugly red brick buildings".[8] ConAgra's campus created almost 300,000 square feet (30,000 m2) of office space.[7]

Critics charged that the city was being "held hostage" by ConAgra,[11] and that the city should not have to choose between its corporations and its historical legacies.[8]

At the time Omaha's then-planning director, Marty Shukert, said it was more important to keep the city's downtown core healthy than to keep the historic district. "This development may not be a large thing to a city with multiple corporate headquarters and a large development industry," he said. "In a relatively small community like this, the effects of a growing, national corporation echo throughout the economy."[8]


People for Responsible Omaha Urban Development (PROUD), with the National Trust for Historic Preservation as an intervening plaintiff, sued the Interstate Commerce Commission, the National Park Service and the Army Corps of Engineers in order to stop the demolition. The lawsuit alleged that the federal agencies failed to comply with the National Environmental Policy Act and the National Historic Preservation Act. The trial began in May 1988, and the district court immediately denied plaintiffs' request to stop demolition. The district court later ruled in favor of defendants on the merits, with a court of appeals affirming the district court decision in a brief opinion.

The court of appeal granted a partial stay of demolition during the appeals at a time when five buildings remained standing in the district. The injunction was later dissolved, and ultimately, all 24 buildings in the National Register-listed historic district were demolished, and the adjacent corporate campus was completed in 1992.[12]


Two historic districts listed on the National Register currently border the former Jobbers Canyon site. They include the Old Market Historic District, which was listed in 1979; and the Omaha Rail and Commerce Historic District, which was listed in 1996. The Union Station, Burlington Train Station and Bemis Bag Company Building are all nearby buildings that have been included on the Register individually, reflecting the area's significance.

The National Park Service officially delisted the non-existent Jobbers Canyon Historic District in 2002.[2] In 2005 a restaurant called "Jobber's Canyon" opened in the Old Market, but later closed.[13] Some critics charge that Omaha's dual losses of Jobbers Canyon and the Union Stockyards represent a blatant disregard for the city's working class history.[14]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b (2002) National Park Service National Historic Register Listings April 2, 2002. National Park Service. Retrieved 7/8/07.
  3. ^ (nd) National Register of Historic Places - Nebraska, Douglas County. Retrieved 7/8/07.
  4. ^ Gratz, R.B. (1996) Living City: How America's Cities Are Being Revitalized by Thinking Small in a Big Way. John Wiley and Sons. p. V.
  5. ^ National Trust for Historic Preservation and Zagars, J. (1997) Preservation Yellow Pages: The Complete Information Source for Homeowners, Communities, and Professionals. John Wiley and Sons. p.80.
  6. ^ Larsen, L. and Cottrell, B. (1997) The Gate City: A History of Omaha. University of Nebraska Press. p. 26.
  7. ^ a b Gratz, R.B. (1996) Living City: How America's Cities Are Being Revitalized by Thinking Small in a Big Way. John Wiley and Sons. p. 6.
  8. ^ a b c d (1987) "Historic district at issue in Omaha," New York Times. 12/13/87. Retrieved 7/8/07.
  9. ^ a b (nd) "Jobbers Canyon". Mountain Lumber Company. Retrieved 7/8/07.
  10. ^ Reeves, R. (nd) Omaha, Douglas County. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 7/8/07.
  11. ^ Schwab, J. (1989) "Omaha held hostage," Progressive. 53(5). p 36-39.
  12. ^ "People for Responsible Omaha Urban Development v. Interstate Commerce Commission". Defense Environmental Network and Information Exchange. Retrieved 7/8/07.
  13. ^ Keenan, J. (2005) Omaha World-Herald. 11/11/05. Retrieved 7/8/07.
  14. ^ Biga, L. A. (1998) "How the Mighty Did Fall: The Stockyards Nears the End of an Era." New Horizons. 9/21/98. Eastern Nebraska Office of Aging. Retrieved 6/22/07.


  • (2004) Omaha Since World War II: The Changing Face of the City (DVD). UNO Television.

External links

  • Picture of downtown Omaha circa 1946, including the Jobbers Canyon in center.
  • Slideshow of 3-dimensional model of Jobber's Canyon with present Greenhouse Apartments (former Nash Building) in detail. (This is a work in progress).

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.