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John Biddle (Michigan politician)

John Biddle
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan Territory's At-large district
In office
March 4, 1829 – February 21, 1831
Preceded by Austin Eli Wing
Succeeded by Austin Eli Wing
4th Mayor of Detroit, Michigan
In office
Preceded by Jonathan Kearsley
Succeeded by Jonathan Kearsley
Personal details
Born (1792-03-02)March 2, 1792
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Died August 25, 1859(1859-08-25) (aged 67)
White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia
Citizenship United States
Nationality United States
Residence Detroit, Michigan
Alma mater Princeton College
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1812–1821
Rank Major
Battles/wars War of 1812

John Biddle (March 2, 1792 – August 25, 1859) was a delegate to the United States Congress from the Michigan Territory.


  • Early life and military career 1
  • Politics and civic leadership 2
  • Wyandotte 3
  • Retirement 4
  • References 5

Early life and military career

Biddle was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1792, the son of Charles Biddle, former Vice President of Pennsylvania,[1] and nephew of Commodore Nicholas Biddle.[2] He attended the common schools before entering and graduating from Princeton College.[3] At the outbreak of the War of 1812, Biddle enlisted in the U.S. Army and was appointed a second lieutenant in the Third Artillery on July 6, 1812 and promoted to first lieutenant March 13, 1813.[3] He was attached to the staff of General Winfield Scott on the Niagara Frontier for most of the war. He became captain in the Forty-second Infantry October 1, 1813, served as assistant inspector general with the rank of major from June 19, 1817 to June 1, 1821,[3] and commanded Fort Shelby in Detroit for some time.[1]

After leaving the military, Biddle was appointed paymaster and Indian agent at Green Bay, Wisconsin in 1821 and 1822.[3] He was register of the land at Detroit, Michigan in of Michigan Territory, 1823–1837; commissioner for determining the ancient land claims at Detroit, Mackinaw, Sault Ste. Marie, Green Bay, and Prairie du Chien.[3]

He married Eliza Falconer Bradish (1795–1865) of New York.[1] The couple had four children that lived to adulthood: Margaretta Falconer Biddle (1825–1913), William Shepard Biddle (1830–1901), Major James Biddle (1833–1905) and Edward John Biddle (1836–1892).[4]

Politics and civic leadership

Biddle served as mayor of Detroit in 1827 and 1828.[3] He was elected a Delegate from the Territory of Michigan to the Twenty-first Congress and served from March 4, 1829 until his resignation on February 21, 1831.[3] He was president of the convention that framed the State constitution for Michigan in 1835, even though his Whig Party was in the minority.[2] He ran unsuccessfully as the Whig candidate[2][5] for election to the United States Senate and later for Governor of Michigan.[3] Biddle was a member of the Michigan State House of Representatives in 1841 and served as speaker,[3] and was a Trustee of the University of Michigan.[1]

Biddle was president of the Michigan Central Railroad.[3] He also served as the first President of Farmers’ and Mechanics’ Bank, and was a bank Director from 1829 through 1838.[1] He was also active in the civic life of Detroit, being elected Vice President of the Detroit Athenaeum, active in the Association for Promoting Female Education in the City of Detroit, and Vice President (1828–1837) and President (1837) of the Historical Society of Michigan.[1]


In 1818, Biddle acquired 1,800 acres (7.3 km2) of land south of Detroit.[1] He constructed a summer estate on the land, completed in 1835.[1] Biddle named his estate "Wyandotte" after

Political offices
Preceded by
Jonathan Kearsley
Mayor of Detroit, Michigan
Succeeded by
Jonathan Kearsley
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Austin Eli Wing
Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan Territory

1829–1831 (5th of 8)
Succeeded by
Austin Eli Wing
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Major John Biddle". Elmwood Cemetery. Retrieved September 10, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c Carlisle, Fred, ed. (1890), Chronography of Notable Events in the History of the Northwest Territory and Wayne County, Detroit: O.S. Gulley, Bornman, pp. 237–238,  
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m John Biddle at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  4. ^ a b Owen Picton (May 2004). "Descendants of William Biddle III". Retrieved March 16, 2011. 
  5. ^ Lawrence Kestenbaum (10 March 2005). "Index to Politicians: Biddle".  


His grandson (William Shepard Biddle's son), also named John Biddle (1859–1936) became Superintendent of the United States Military Academy.[4]

After selling the Wyandotte estate, Biddle and his wife returned to Philadelphia, and later the couple spent much time in Paris.[1] In 1859, Biddle went to White Sulphur Springs in what is now West Virginia, for the summer, and died there.[3] He is interred in Elmwood Cemetery, Detroit, Michigan.[3]

Biddle and his family retired to the Wyandotte estate in 1836.[1] However, Biddle was uninterested in farming the estate,[1] and spent much time on his estate near St. Louis, Michigan.[3] In 1853, he sold the Wyandotte estate to Eber Ward of Eureka Iron, who developed the area into the city of Wyandotte, Michigan.[1] Jefferson Avenue, which stretches from New Baltimore, Michigan to East Rockwood, Michigan, is named Biddle Avenue through Wyandotte.



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