World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

John Lewis Gaddis

Article Id: WHEBN0000342488
Reproduction Date:

Title: John Lewis Gaddis  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: George F. Kennan, Diplomatic history, List of Yale University people, National Book Critics Circle Award, Pope John Paul II
Collection: 1941 Births, American Academics, American Historians, American Male Writers, American Military Historians, Cold War Historians, Guggenheim Fellows, Harold Vyvyan Harmsworth Professors of American History, Historians of American Foreign Relations, Living People, National Humanities Medal Recipients, Naval War College Faculty, People from La Salle County, Texas, Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography Winners, University of Texas at Austin Alumni, Writers from Texas, Yale University Faculty
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

John Lewis Gaddis

John Lewis Gaddis
Born 1941
Cotulla, Texas
Residence United States
Citizenship United States
Nationality United States
Fields Foreign relations of the United States
Institutions Ohio University
Yale University
Naval War College
University of Oxford
Princeton University
Alma mater University of Texas, Austin
Doctoral advisor Robert A. Divine

John Lewis Gaddis (born 1941) is the Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography.[4]


  • Biography 1
  • Scholarship 2
  • Awards and distinctions 3
  • Selected publications 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
    • Notes 6.1
    • Bibliography 6.2
  • External links 7


Gaddis was born in Cotulla, Texas, in 1941.[5] He attended the University of Texas at Austin, receiving his BA in 1963, MA in 1965, and PhD in 1968,[6][7] the latter under the direction of Robert Divine. Gaddis then taught briefly at Indiana University Southeast, before joining Ohio University in 1969.[6] At Ohio, he founded and directed the Contemporary History Institute,[8] and was named a distinguished professor in 1983.[6]

In the 1975–77 academic years, Gaddis was a Visiting Professor of Strategy at the Naval War College. In the 1992–93 academic year, he was the Harmsworth Visiting Professor of American History at Oxford.[9] He has also held visiting positions at Princeton University and the University of Helsinki. He served as president of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations in 1992.[10]

In 1997, he moved to Yale University to become the Lovett Professor of Military and Naval History. In the 2000–01 academic year, Gaddis was the George Eastman Professor at Oxford, the second scholar (after Robin Winks) to have the honor of being both Eastman and Harmsworth professor.[11] In 2005, he received the National Humanities Medal.[12] He sits on the advisory committee of the Wilson Center's Cold War International History Project,[13] which he helped establish in 1991.[12]

Gaddis is also known for his close relationship with the late

External links


  1. ^ a b "Yale Department of History » John Gaddis".  
  2. ^ Priscilla Johnson McMillan (25 May 1997). "Cold Warmonger".  
  3. ^ Douglas Brinkley (17 February 2004). "Celebrating a Policy Seer And His Cold War Insight".  
    Profile of Kennan on his 100th birthday, includes several paragraphs detailing his relationship with Gaddis.
  4. ^ a b c "The 2012 Pulitzer Prize Winners: Biography or Autobiography".  
  5. ^ Alden Branch, Mark. "Days of Duck and Cover".  
  6. ^ a b c "Historians will debate Cold War".  
  7. ^ "Princeton University Library Finding Aids: 'John Lewis Gaddis Papers on George F. Kennan, 1982–1989', Collection Creator Biography".  
  8. ^ "Honorary Alumni: John Lewis Gaddis". Ohio University Today (Fall 1990): 6. Retrieved 7 April 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Harold Vyvyan Harmsworth Visiting Professor of American History".  
  10. ^ a b "Past Presidents".  
  11. ^ "Winks honored by Oxford, National Parks". Yale Bulletin & Calendar 27 (31). 1999. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c "Awards & Honors: 2005 National Humanities Medalist John Lewis Gaddis".  
  13. ^ "CWIHP Advisory Committee".  
  14. ^ Costigliola 2011.
  15. ^ Gaddis 2008.
    Hartung 2003 criticizes Gaddis for holding a "relatively positive assessment" of post-9/11 Bush foreign policy.
  16. ^ Jonathan Haslam (17 April 2012). "George F Kennan: An American Life by John Lewis Gaddis – review".  
  17. ^ Baker, Dorie (April 26, 2013). "Yale professor's advice to former U.S. president: Paint". YaleNews.  
  18. ^ Painter 2006, p. 527.
  19. ^ Leffler 1999, p. 503, which describes Strategies of Containment as "one of the most influential books ever written on post-World War II international relations."
  20. ^ Hogan 1987, p. 494.
  21. ^ Leffler 1999, p. 502.
  22. ^ Ascherson 1997.
  23. ^ Ikenberry 2006.
  24. ^ Michael C. Boyer (22 January 2006). "A world divided: A leading historian evaluates the causes and ultimate collapse of the Cold War".  
  25. ^ a b "John Lewis Gaddis Wins 2006 Harry S. Truman Book Award".  
  26. ^ Judt 2006.
  27. ^ "George F. Kennan: An American Life"New-York Historical Society Awards Its Annual American History Book Prize to John Lewis Gaddis for .  
  28. ^ "All Past National Book Critics Circle Award Winners and Finalists".  
  29. ^ "DeVane Medalists, 1966–Present". 8 November 2005. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  30. ^ "Eastman Professors at the University of Oxford". Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  31. ^ a b "Fulbright Alumni » Notable Fulbrighters".  
  32. ^ "Gaddis Named to American Academy of Arts and Sciences".  
  33. ^ "Alphabetical Index of Active AAAS Members as of 5 November 2013" (PDF).  
  34. ^ "Notable Achievements of Members".  
  35. ^ "Ohio University Historian Selected as Woodrow Wilson Fellow".  
  36. ^ "The Whitney H. Shepardson Fellowship". Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  37. ^ "John Lewis Gaddis: 1986 Fellow, U.S. History".  
  38. ^ "Distinguished Professors (Current–1959)".  
  39. ^ "The Bancroft Prizes: Previous Awards".  
  40. ^ Gaddis 1974, p. 14, for "Best First Work of History".
  41. ^ "Author and historian John Lewis Gaddis to give lecture April 21".  



See also


  • The Cold War: A New History. New York, NY: The Cold War. London: UK edition  
    US edition  
  • Surprise, Security, and the American Experience. Cambridge, MA:  
  • The Landscape of History: How Historians Map the Past. New York, NY:  
  • (Co-editor with  
  • We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History. Oxford:  
  • The United States and the End of the Cold War: Implications, Reconsiderations and Provocations. New York, NY:  
  • The Long Peace: Inquiries into the History of the Cold War. New York, NY:  
  • Strategies of Containment: A Critical Appraisal of Postwar American National Security Policy. New York, NY:  
  • Russia, the Soviet Union and the United States: An Interpretive History. New York, NY:  
  • The United States and the Origins of the Cold War, 1941–1947. New York, NY:  

Articles and chapters

  • "Grand strategies in the Cold War". In  
  • "Ending Tyranny: The past and future of an idea".  
  • "Grand Strategy in the Second Term".  
  • "A Grand Strategy of Transformation".  
  • "On Starting All Over Again: A Naïve Approach to the Study of the Cold War". In  
  • "On Moral Equivalency and Cold War History".  
  • "The Tragedy of Cold War History" (PDF).  
  • "The Cold War, the Long Peace, and the Future". Diplomatic History 16 (2): 234–246. 1992.  
  • "The Soviet Side of the Cold War: A Symposium: Introduction". Diplomatic History 15 (4): 523–526. 1991.  
  • "New Conceptual Approaches to the Study of American Foreign Relations: Interdisciplinary Perspectives". Diplomatic History 14 (3): 405–424. 1990.  
  • "Intelligence, Espionage, and Cold War Origins". Diplomatic History 13 (2): 191–212. 1989.  
  • "The Emerging Post-Revisionist Synthesis on the Origins of the Cold War". Diplomatic History 7 (3): 171–190. 1983.  
  • "The Cold War: Some Lessons for Policy Makers".  

Selected publications

Former U.S. President Laura Bush stand with 2005 National Humanities Medal recipient John Lewis Gaddis on November 10, 2005 in the Oval Office at the White House.

Awards and distinctions

Gaddis is known for arguing that Soviet leader Joseph Stalin's personality and role in history constituted one of the most important causes of the Cold War. Within the field of U.S. diplomatic history, he is most associated with the concept of post-revisionism, the idea of moving past the revisionist and orthodox interpretations of the origins of the Cold War to embrace what were (in the 1970s) interpretations based upon the then-growing availability of government documents from the United States, Great Britain and other western government archives.

His 2011 biography of Pulitzer.[4]

The Cold War (2005), praised by John Ikenberry as a "beautifully written panoramic view of the Cold War, full of illuminations and shrewd judgments,"[23] was described as an examination of the history and effects of the Cold War in a more removed context than had been previously possible,[24] and won Gaddis the 2006 Harry S. Truman Book Prize.[25] Critics were rather less impressed, with Tony Judt summarising the book as "a history of America's cold war: as seen from America, as experienced in America, and told in a way most agreeable to many American readers."[26]

We Now Know (1997), an analysis of the Cold War through to the Cuban Missile Crisis that incorporated new archival evidence from the Soviet bloc, was likewise predicted as "likely to set the parameters for a whole new generation of scholarship",[21] while also praised as "the first coherent and sustained attempt to write the Cold War's history since it ended."[22]

Gaddis is probably the best known historian writing in English about the Cold War.[18] His most famous work is perhaps the highly influential Strategies of Containment (1982; rev. 2005),[19] which analyzes in detail the theory and practice of containment that was employed against the Soviet Union by Cold War American presidents, and his 1983 distillation of post-revisionist scholarship similarly became a major channel for guiding subsequent Cold War research.[20]


[17] After leaving office, Bush took up painting as a hobby at Gaddis's recommendation.[16] and has been described as an "overt admirer" of the 43rd President.[15]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.