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John Owen Dominis

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Title: John Owen Dominis  
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Subject: Governors of Oahu, William Luther Moehonua, Croatian American, Governors of Maui, Kekūanāoʻa
Collection: 1832 Births, 1891 Deaths, American People of Croatian Descent, Burials at the Royal Mausoleum of Hawaii, Governors of Maui, Governors of Oahu, Grand Crosses of the Order of Franz Joseph, Hawaiian Kingdom Chamberlains, Hawaiian Kingdom Politicians, House of Kalākaua, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Members of the Hawaiian Kingdom House of Nobles, Members of the Hawaiian Kingdom Privy Council, People from Schenectady, New York, Princes of Hawaii, Recipients of the Royal Order of Kalākaua, Recipients of the Royal Order of Kamehameha I, Recipients of the Royal Order of the Crown of Hawaii, Recipients of the Royal Order of the Star of Oceania, Royalty of the Kingdom of Hawaii
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John Owen Dominis

John Owen Dominis
Prince Consort of the Hawaiian Islands
Tenure January 29, 1891–August 27, 1891
Born (1832-03-10)March 10, 1832
Schenectady, New York
Died August 27, 1891(1891-08-27) (aged 59)
Washington Place, Honolulu, Oahu
Burial September 6, 1891[1]
Mauna Ala Royal Mausoleum
Spouse Liliʻuokalani
Issue John ʻAimoku Dominis (illegitimate)
House House of Kalākaua
Father John Dominis
Mother Mary Jones Dominis
Signature

John Owen Dominis (March 10, 1832 – August 27, 1891) was an American-born statesman. He became Prince Consort of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi upon his marriage to the last reigning monarch, Queen Liliʻuokalani.[2]

Life

His father was a sea captain named John Dominis (1796–1846) who came to America in 1819 from Trieste during the Napoleonic Wars. He was often called "Italian" from an existing Venetian family of Conti Palatini de Dominis de Arba,[3] that had its origins in the Croatian island of Rab, in Dalmatia. However, the denomination "Italian" is misleading, as his family was of Croatian origin, the Dominis noble family originating from Rab in Dalmatia. Working for Josiah Marshall of Boston, Massachusetts, captain Dominis sailed from North America across the Pacific, often stopping in Hawaii. One of his ships used on the trading voyages was called "Owhyhee" (an older transcription of 'O Hawai'i).[4] The captain married Mary Lambert Jones (1803–1889), daughter of Owen Jones and Elizabeth Lambert, on October 9, 1821, and had two daughters, Mary Elizabeth (1825–1838) and Frances Ann Dominis (1829–1842). About 1831, they moved to Schenectady, New York and son John Owen Dominis was born on March 10, 1832.

Captain Dominis (1796–1846)

In 1837 the captain moved his wife and son from New York to

Government offices
Preceded by
Mataio Kekuanaoʻa
Royal Governor of Oahu
1868–1891
Succeeded by
Archibald Scott Cleghorn
Preceded by
William Luther Moehonua
Royal Governor of Maui
1878–1886
Succeeded by
Robert Hoapili Baker
Preceded by
Queen Kapiolani
Prince Consort of Hawaiʻi
January 20, 1891–August 27, 1891
Succeeded by
Monarchy abolished
  1. ^ David W. Forbes, ed. (2003). Hawaiian national bibliography, 1780-1900 4. University of Hawaii Press. p. 393.  
  2. ^ Royal Ark
  3. ^ Ante Kovacevic (1976). "On the Descent of John Owen Dominis, Prince Consort of Queen Liliuokalani". Hawaiian Journal of History (Hawaiian Historical Society, Honolulu) 10. 
  4. ^ John Dominis (1827–1830). Ship's log for the Brig Owhyhee. 
  5. ^ a b Robert M. Fox and Dorothy Riconda (September 22, 1972). "Washington Place nomination form" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  6. ^ a b c d e  
  7. ^ Society, National Genealogical (1962). National Genealogical Society quarterly. p. 88. 
  8. ^ "Oahu Marriages 1832-1910". Hawaii State Archives. p. 51. Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  9. ^ "Hawaii's Last Queen — Transcript". American Experience.  
  10. ^ "Governor of Oahu" (PDF). official archives. State of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  11. ^ "Dominis, John Owen office record". official archives. State of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  12. ^ "Oahu Marriages 1911-1929". Hawaii State Archives. Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  13. ^ Helena G. Allen (1982). The betrayal of Liliuokalani, last Queen of Hawaii, 1838-1917. A.H. Clark Co.  

References

See also

He had a natural son, John Dominis ʻAimoku, with Mary Purdy Lamiki ʻAimoku, a servant of his wife, born January 9, 1883. Liliʻuokalani accepted her husband's constant unfaithfulness and adopted her husband's son in 1910 and changed his name to John ʻAimoku Dominis. He married Sybil McInerny and left descendants.[12] They continued to live at Washington Place until Liliʻuokalani died on November 11, 1917.[13]

Liliʻuokalani with her stepson John ʻAimoku Dominis

Mary Dominis died on April 25, 1889, and he and Liliʻuokalani inherited Washington Place. Liliʻuokalani became Queen when her brother King Kalākaua died on January 20, 1891, which made Dominis Prince Consort. Dominis died less than a year later on August 27, 1891 in Washington Place and was buried in the Royal Mausoleum known as Mauna Ala.

According to his wife's testimony, Governor Dominis was a very dedicated freemason and held the 33rd degree.[6]:26

His marriage to Liliʻuokalani and his friendship with King Kamehameha V brought him many honors. For example, he was a Royal Commander of the Royal Order of Kamehameha, the Royal Order of Kalākaua, and several others.[6]:vii From 1863 he served on the King's Privy Council. Dominis served from 1864 to 1886 in the House of Nobles, and from 1868 until his death as Royal Governor of Oʻahu.[10] He served on the Board of Health, Board of Education, Bureau of Immigration, and was Quartermaster General and Commissoner of Crown Lands. From 1878 to 1886 he served as Royal Governor of Maui. In 1886 he was appointed Lieutenant General and Commander in Chief.[11]

He attended a day school run by Mr. and Mrs. Johston that was next to the Royal School founded for the children of the native Hawaiian nobility. Dominis would climb the fence to look at the princes and princesses, and became friends with them.[6]:11 For a time, Dominis was a mercantile clerk in San Francisco, and later he served as a clerk in a Honolulu commercial house.[7] By 1856 he was on staff to a Prince, and accompanying the royal family on their travels.[6]:13 On September 16, 1862 Dominis married Princess Lydia Kamakaʻeha Pākī, whom he had met during school days. They had been engaged for two years, but had to delay their wedding due to the death of Prince Albert, the young son of King Kamehameha IV.[8] The marriage was not happy. She wanted children of her own, but could not have any. John chose to socialize without her, and Mary Dominis looked down upon her non-caucasian daughter-in-law.[9] Liliʻuokalani notes in her autobiography that his mother considered her an "intruder", but became more affectionate in her later years.[6]:24

[5]", which was used as a governor's residence and is now a museum.Washington Place Mary rented a suite of rooms to support herself and young John Owen. One of the first boarders established the American Legation in the house and named it "[5]

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