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Joseph F. Johnston

Joseph F. Johnston
136 × 196
United States Senator
from Alabama
In office
August 6, 1907 – August 8, 1913
Preceded by Edmund Pettus
Succeeded by Francis S. White
30th Governor of Alabama
In office
December 1, 1896 – December 1, 1900
Preceded by William C. Oates
Succeeded by William J. Samford
Personal details
Born (1843-03-23)March 23, 1843
Lincoln County, North Carolina
Died August 8, 1913(1913-08-08) (aged 70)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Theresa Virginia Hooper
Children William Hooper Johnston
Edward Douglas Johnston
Forney Johnston
Military service
Allegiance Confederate States of America
Service/branch  Confederate States Army
Rank Captain
Battles/wars American Civil War

Joseph Forney Johnston (March 23, 1843 – August 8, 1913) was an American Democratic politician and businessman who was the 30th Governor of Alabama from 1896 to 1900. He later served in the U.S. Senate from August 6, 1907 to his death on August 8, 1913. During his time as a senator, he served as a chairman of the Committee to Establish a University of the United States.


Born in Lincoln County, North Carolina, on March 23, 1843, Johnston attended the rural public schools in North Carolina during his youth. Johnston moved to Talladega, Alabama at the age of seventeen, and attended a military academy. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Johnston enlisted as a private in the Confederate States Army. Johnston served through the duration of the war, receiving wounds at Chickamauga, Spotsylvania, New Market, and Petersburg. By war's end, he attained the rank of captain.

After returning from the war, Johnston studied law under William H. Forney and was admitted to the bar. He practiced law in Selma, Alabama, eventually moving to Birmingham to become president of the Alabama National Bank. In 1887, Johnston became president of the Sloss Iron & Steel company, an industry thriving in Alabama at the time.

Johnston first entered the political arena in 1890, when he ran for Alabama Governor, but lost to William C. Oates. In 1896, he again ran for Governor and succeeded, serving two consecutive two-year terms as Governor of Alabama. Johnston's achievements during his tenure as governor include tax reform, creation of the Alabama Department of Insurance, and the establishment of a State Mine Inspector.

Johnston decided not to seek another term as Governor in 1900, and instead challenged William D. Jelks. The revelation

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