World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Judith Lewis Herman

Article Id: WHEBN0008750867
Reproduction Date:

Title: Judith Lewis Herman  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lu Chao, Personal-event memory, Storage (memory), Larry Squire, Source-monitoring error
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Judith Lewis Herman

Judith Lewis Herman
Born 1942
Nationality  United States
Fields Psychiatry
Known for Research on complex post-traumatic stress disorder and incest

Judith Lewis Herman (born 1942) is a psychiatrist, researcher, teacher, and author who has focused on the understanding and treatment of incest and traumatic stress.

Herman is Professor of clinical psychiatry at Harvard University Medical School and Director of Training at the Victims of Violence Program in the Department of Psychiatry at the Cambridge Health Alliance in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and a founding member of the Women’s Mental Health Collective.

She was the recipient of the 1996 Lifetime Achievement Award from the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies and the 2000 Woman in Science Award from the American Medical Women's Association. In 2003 she was named a Distinguished Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association.


Judith Herman is best known for her distinctive contributions to the understanding of trauma and its victims , as set out in her second book, the now classic study of the diagnostic category post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) , Trauma and Recovery.[1] There she distinguishes between single-incident traumas - one-off events - which she termed Type I traumas, and complex or repeated traumas (Type II).[2] Type I trauma, according to the United States Veterans Administration's Center for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, "accurately describes the symptoms that result when a person experiences a short-lived psychological trauma.[3] Type II - the concept of complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) - includes "the syndrome that follows upon prolonged, repeated trauma."[4] Although not accepted by DSM-IV as a separate diagnostic category, the notion of complex traumas has been found useful in clinical practice.[5]

Herman equally influentially set out a three-stage sequence of trauma treatment and recovery. The first involved regaining a sense of safety, whether through a therapeutic relationship, medication, relaxation exercises or a combination of all three.[6] The second phase involved active work upon the trauma, fostered by that secure base, and employing any of a range of psychological techniques.[7] The final stage was represented by an advance to a new post-traumatic life,[8] possibly broadened by the experience of surviving the trauma and all it involved.[9]

Herman was interviewed by Harry Kreisler, Executive Director of the Institute of International Studies at the University of California at Berkeley, for his ongoing series Conversations with History at the Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley.[10] She is currently working on a study into the effects of the justice system on victims of sexual violence, with a view to discovering a better way for victims of crimes to be allowed to interact with what she perceives as an 'adversarial' system of crime and punishment in the U.S.[11]




  • Dutra L, Callahan K, Forman E, Mendelsohn M, Herman J. Core schemas and suicidality in a chronically traumatized population. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2008 Jan; 196(1):71-4.
  • Herman JL. Justice from the victim's perspective. Violence Against Women. 2005 May; 11(5):571-602.
  • Herman JL. The mental health of crime victims: impact of legal intervention. J Trauma Stress. 2003 Apr; 16(2):159-66.


  1. ^ John Marzillier, To Hell and Back (2012) p 302
  2. ^ John Marzillier, To Hell and Back (2012) p 12 and p 02
  3. ^ Whealin,Ph.D., Julia M.; Slone,Ph.D., Laurie (2007-05-22). "National Center for PTSD Fact Sheet: Complex PTSD".  
  4. ^ Herman, JL (1997). Trauma and recovery: The aftermath of violence from domestic abuse to political terror. Basic Books. p. 119. 
  5. ^ John Marzillier, To Hell and Back (2012) p. 304
  6. ^ D. Goleman, Emotional Intelligence (1996) p. 210-11
  7. ^ John Marzillier, To Hell and Back (2012) p. 182
  8. ^ D. Goleman, Emotional Intelligence (1996) p. 213
  9. ^ John Marzillier, To Hell and Back (2012) p. 256
  10. ^ "Conversation with History; Dr. Judith Lewis Herman". Conversations with History: Institute of International Studies. UC Berkeley. Retrieved December 22, 2007. 
  11. ^

External Links

  • "Justice from the Victim's Perspective" - Lecture given at Wesleyen University, 10th May, 2010
  • "Conversations with History: The Case of Trauma and Recovery Psychological Insight and Political Understanding with Judith Herman" - Interview with Harry Kreisler from the University of Berkeley, 30 October, 2010

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.