World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kallur archaeological site

Article Id: WHEBN0016370525
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kallur archaeological site  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Raichur district, Manvi, Kallur
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Kallur archaeological site

Kallur archaeological site
Kallur archaeological site
Kallur archaeological site

Coordinates: 16°8′23.54″N 77°12′17.47″E / 16.1398722°N 77.2048528°E / 16.1398722; 77.2048528Coordinates: 16°8′23.54″N 77°12′17.47″E / 16.1398722°N 77.2048528°E / 16.1398722; 77.2048528

Country  India
State Karnataka
District Raichur district
Taluk Manvi
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 08538
Vehicle registration KA-36

Kallur is an archaeological site located in the Manvi taluk of Raichur district in the state of Karnataka, India.[1] The site came into prominence with the discovery of antennae swords in the 1930s, which was the first instance of the Copper Hoard culture being discovered in South India.[1] The earliest finding here has been dated to the Neolithic period.


The word Kallur is formed from two Kannada words: kallu which means "stone" and ooru which means "town". The number of granite hillocks that surround Kallur, may have given the place its name.[1] Some of the hillocks that are present here are Yammigudda, Pirbannur, Agsargudda, Kampangudda and Polannagudda.

Excavation history

The site was first excavated in 1939–40 by M. Khwaja Ahmed of the Archaeological Department of Hyderabad state. It was later explored by F. Raymond Allchin in 1952.[2]



Villagers living around Kallur discovered three antennaed swords under a boulder on Pirbannur hillock in the 1930s. The swords were made of cast copper with the longest sword being 38 12 inches (98 cm) in length and the shortest sword being 26 34 inches (68 cm) in length. The antennae of these swords was about 6–7 cm in length.[2] These swords are similar to the ones found in the sites of Copper Hoard culture in North India, like Fatehgarh, and hence provide the first instance of such a site being found in South India.[1][3] Robert von Heine-Geldern postulated that these swords were influenced by the Koban culture, but the Indian archaeologist, B. B. Lal disagreed.[4][5]


On the Yammigudda hillock; buffaloes, miniature bulls and a man have been found painted over a rock face. Russet-coated painted ware have also been found here.[1]


Other objects found here include cores of chert, jasper and chalcedony, stone axes, red ware, shell bangles and beads of semi precious stones. Presence of iron ore and quartzite provide the evidence that iron smelting in a crude form was performed here. Coins of the Satavahana period have also been found here.[1]



This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.