World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kelowna Accord

Article Id: WHEBN0006085510
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kelowna Accord  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Métis people (Canada), Paul Martin, 2006 in Canada, Paul v British Columbia (Forest Appeals Commission), 1969 White Paper
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Kelowna Accord

The Kelowna Accord is a series of agreements between the Government of Paul Martin, but was never endorsed by his successor, Stephen Harper.[1]


The agreement resulted from 18 months of roundtable consultations leading up to the First Ministers' Meeting in Kelowna, British Columbia in November 2005 and was described in a paper released at the end of the meeting entitled "First Ministers and National Aboriginal Leaders Strengthening Relationships and Closing the Gap"[2] and a separate press release,[3] issued by the Prime Minister's Office at the close of the Kelowna meetings. The Quebec aboriginals were not included in this final accord, as they did not participate in the process.[4]

The term "Kelowna Accord" was never used at the First Ministers' Meeting. The term seems to have first been used in a Toronto Star article dated December 4, 2005.

Aboriginal leaders saw the accord as a step forward, as it involved a process of cooperation and consultation that brought all parties to the table.

The press release [1] issued by the Office of the Prime Minister on the November 25, 2005 outlined $5.085 billion in spending over 5 years, but did not set out the means for the fiscal distribution between federal departments, provincial and territorial governments, and Aboriginal groups.

With the support of the NDP, led by Jack Layton, the official opposition Conservatives, led by Stephen Harper, voted against the Liberal minority government of Paul Martin resulting in the 2006 federal election. The subsequent federal election resulted in a Conservative minority government headed by Stephen Harper. When presenting their first budget on May 2, 2006, the Conservatives indicated that they were committed to meeting the targets set out at the First Ministers' Meeting in Kelowna and the working paper therein produced, but that they did not agree with the approach taken in the funding announcement set out in the former Prime Minister's press release. Rather, focused initiatives and targeted expenditures, coupled with systemic reform, were laid out as the new government's direction.

In June 2006, former Prime Minister Paul Martin introduced a private member's bill, Bill C-292 An Act to Implement the Kelowna Accord [5] calling on the government to follow through on the agreements made in the Kelowna Accord.

During testimony[6] before the Standing Committee on Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development it was disputed whether or not an accord had been formally signed and whether or not money had been budgeted for its implementation. Former Prime Minister Paul Martin and former Minister of Finance Ralph Goodale testified that the $5 billion described in the press release was in fact booked in the Sources and Uses Table, an internal Department of Finance document.

On March 21, 2007, the bill was passed by Liberal, Bloc Québécois and New Democratic Party MPs, while the Conservatives voted against it. However, by section 54 of the Constitution Act, 1867, a private member's bill cannot contain expenditure of public funds.

Former Canadian [7]

The goal of the education investments was to ensure that the high school graduation rate of aboriginal Canadians matched the rest of the population. The money was also aimed at cutting in half the gap in rates of post-secondary graduation.

On health, targets were established to reduce infant mortality, youth suicide, childhood obesity and diabetes by 20 per cent in five years, and 50 per cent in 10 years. They also promised to double the number of health professionals in 10 years from the current level of 150 physicians and 1,200 nurses.[8]

The plan included

  • $1.8 billion for education, to create school systems, train more aboriginal teachers and identify children with special needs.
  • $1.6 billion for housing, including $400 million to address the need for clean water in many remote communities.
  • $1.315 billion for health services.
  • $170 million for relationships and accountability
  • $200 million for economic development.[8]
All of the targets we've set are achievable
— Phil Fontaine, the National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations, CBC


The Harper government did not proceed with the accord. Historic funding agreements were signed by the Harper government, however, the name 'Kelowna Accord' has not been applied to these investments.[9] The budget included $450 million for aboriginals over two years.[4]

I think the pine beetle infestation in B.C. got more money than urban aboriginals
— Larry Wucherer, the president of the Aboriginal Council of Winnipeg, CBC

Had the Kelowna Accord been passed, the equivalent one year spending would have been $600 million.

See also

First Ministers and National Aboriginal Leaders: Strengthening Relationships and Closing the Gap (aka 'Kelowna Accord', 25 November 2005) [10]


  1. ^
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ [3]
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^
  10. ^

External links

Aboriginal Roundtable to Kelowna Accord: Aboriginal Policy Negotiations, 2004-2005 by Lisa L. Patterson, Political and Social Affairs Division, Parliamentary Information and Research Service, Library of Parliament, 4 May 2006.


First Nations Implementation Plan At the First Ministers and National Aboriginal Leaders Meeting in Kelowna, B.C. on November 24 & 25, 2005, First Ministers and First Nation Leaders committed, through the document: First Ministers and National Aboriginal Leaders Strengthening Relationships and Closing the Gap, to strengthening relationships between First Nations and federal, provincial and territorial governments. In that spirit, First Ministers and National Aboriginal Leaders have launched a 10-year dedicated effort to closing the gap ....

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.