World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Khatso

Article Id: WHEBN0022939501
Reproduction Date:

Title: Khatso  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bayads, Eastern Mongols, Mongols, Ethnic groups in China, Sartuul
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Khatso

Khatso people, commonly known as the "Mongols in Yunnan", is a group of Mongols, mainly distributed in Tonghai County, Yunnan Province of Southwestern China. Khatso people are the descendants of the Yuan army, during the era of the Mongol Empire.

Before the mid 13th century, Yunnan was held by many war-like independent states such as the Nanchao and Dali Kingdoms. The Mongol Empire under Möngke Khan conquered the Dali Kingdom in 1253.[1] Until 1273, a Chinggisid prince received the viceroyalty over the area. Kublai Khan appointed the first governor, Turkmen Sayid Ajall, in Yunnan in 1273.[2] Yunnan and Hunan were main bases for Mongol military operations to Indo-China. It was called Yunnan district with Kunming headquarter during the Yuan. After the expulsion of the Mongols from China in 1368, the Ming Dynasty destroyed the Yuan loyalists in Yunnan under Basalawarmi in 1381 and occupied it. In 1381, "Ming Dynasty troops routed the Yuan army by the shore of the Baishi River. The Mongol soldiers, their hopes to return to their homeland having been dashed, had no alternative but to settle down in the province."

It totally has 13 thousand people, whose culture are heavily influenced by the local Yi culture. Khatso people can speak the Katso language (a lingua franca of Yi language and Bai language) to communicate inside the county and Chinese language to the outsiders.[3]

In the early 1980s, village elders sent a delegation to Inner Mongolia to re-learn about their long lost Mongolian culture. They adopted customs similar to Mongols in the north gradually, and the wrestling became their favorite sport when they saw how popular it was with other Mongols.

See also

References

  1. ^ John Man Kublai Khan, p.79
  2. ^ John Man Kublai Khan, p.80
  3. ^ New Problems for Kazhuo Young People in Their Mother Tongue Acquisition, JIANG Ying , ZHAO Yan-zhen etc, Journal of Research on Education for Ethnic Minorities, Beijing, 2008 (No.2), General No.85, Vol.19
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.