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Kona District, Hawaii

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Title: Kona District, Hawaii  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Hawaii (island), Kohala, Hawaii, Kau, Hawaii, Kona Coffee Living History Farm, Hawaii Belt Road
Collection: Geography of Hawaii (Island)
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Kona District, Hawaii

The districts of the Big Island. From Northernmost, clockwise; North Kohala, Hāmākua, North Hilo, South Hilo, Puna, Kaʻū, South Kona, North Kona (highlighted), and South Kohala
The districts of the Big Island. From Northernmost, clockwise; North Kohala, Hāmākua, North Hilo, South Hilo, Puna, Kaʻū, South Kona (highlighted), North Kona, and South Kohala

Kona is the name of a moku or district on the Big Island of Hawaiʻi in the State of Hawaii. In the current system of administration of Hawaii County, the moku of Kona is divided into North Kona District (Kona ‘Akau) and South Kona District (Kona Hema). The term "Kona" is sometimes used incorrectly to refer to its largest town, Kailua-Kona. Other towns in Kona include Kealakekua, Keauhou, Holualoa, Hōnaunau and Honalo.

In the Hawaiian language, kona means leeward or dry side of the island, as opposed to ko‘olau which means windward or the wet side of the island. In the times of Ancient Hawaiʻi, Kona was the name of the leeward district on each major island. In Hawai‘i, the Pacific anticyclone provides moist prevailing northeasterly winds to the Hawaiian islands, resulting in rain when the winds contact the windward landmass of the islands - the winds subsequently lose their moisture and travel on to the leeward (or kona) side of the island. When this pattern reverses, it can produce a Kona storm from the west. Kona has cognates with the same meaning in other Polynesian languages. In Tongan, the equivalent cognate would be tonga; for windward, the associated cognate would be tokelau.

Kona is the home of the world-famous Ironman World Championship Triathlon which is held each year in October in Kailua-Kona. The Kealakekua Bay State Historical Park marks the place where Captain James Cook was killed in 1779. Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park and Honokohau Settlement and Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park are in Kona.

The volcanic slopes of Hualālai and Mauna Loa in the Kona district provide an ideal microclimate for growing coffee. Kona coffee is considered one of the premium specialty coffees of the world.[1]

In pop culture, the region served as the basis of the Beach Boys' song "Kona Coast" from their 1978 album M.I.U. Album.

Sights in the Kona district
Kealakekua Bay Sunset in Kona Canoe Hale at Honaunau Bay

References

  1. ^ "CoffeeReview.com". 
  • Juvik, Sonia P., 1998, Atlas of Hawaii, University of Hawaii Press, ISBN 978-0-8248-2125-8
  • Kona Historical Society, 1997, A Guide to Old Kona, University of Hawaii Press, ISBN 978-0-8248-2010-7

External links

  • Kona Historical Society web site
  • Kona Kohala Chamber of Commerce web site
  • i County web siteʻNorth Kona shoreline access map at Hawai
  • i County web siteʻSouth Kona shoreline access map at Hawai
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