World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Lands of Sweden

Article Id: WHEBN0000190883
Reproduction Date:

Title: Lands of Sweden  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Provinces of Sweden, Scandinavia, Östergötland, Scania, Blekinge
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Lands of Sweden

The three lands of Sweden

The lands of Sweden are three traditional parts, essentially three collectives of provinces, in Sweden. These "lands" have no administrative function, and there is no official designation for this subdivision level. Most commonly they are called "landsdelar", which simply translates to "parts of the country".


  • Götaland (Gothenland or Gothia, "Land of the Götar") is the southern, most densely populated part, consisting of ten provinces.
  • Svealand (Swealand, "Land of the Swedes") is the central part, named after the historic Sweden proper, which is the smallest of the three parts with six provinces; the capital and administrative centre of Sweden has been situated here at least since the late Middle Ages.
  • Norrland (literally "Northlands") is the northern part, which is the largest of the three parts, covering 60 percent of the total Swedish territory with nine provinces. The three northernmost provinces are sometimes called Övre (Upper) Norrland while the rest of the provinces are then called Nedre (Lower) Norrland.

Although they have no administrative functions and no coats of arms these three subdivisions are used in weather reports. Their boundaries can therefore be seen on weather maps on television and in the press.

Areas and populations of the lands:

Land Population
Number of provinces Provinces
Götaland 4,351,658 97,841 10 Scania, Blekinge, Halland, Småland, Öland, Gotland, Östergötland, Västergötland, Dalsland and Bohuslän
Svealand 3,539,944 91,098 6 Södermanland, Uppland, Västmanland, Närke, Värmland and Dalarna
Norrland 1,156,150 261,292 9 Gästrikland, Hälsingland, Härjedalen, Jämtland, Medelpad, Ångermanland, Västerbotten, Norrbotten and Lappland

Historical lands

The former lands of Sweden

Sweden was historically divided into the four lands: Götaland, Svealand, Norrland and Österland.

  • Österland (literally Eastlands) is an old name for southern Finland. It may in prehistoric times have been inhabited by various tribes with their own kings (such as the Kvens). The term has been obsolete since the 15th century and is virtually unknown in Sweden today. In most dictionaries "österlandet" simply means the orient.
  • Norrland was the name for the annexed lands to the north on both sides of the Gulf of Bothnia.

In the Second Treaty of Brömsebro (1645) Denmark-Norway ceded the Norwegian provinces of Jämtland and Härjedalen to Sweden. These provinces are counted as part of Norrland. In the Treaty of Roskilde (1658), Denmark-Norway ceded Scania, Blekinge and Halland (Skåneland) and Bohuslän to Sweden. These provinces are since then counted as parts of Götaland.

After the Finnish War (1808–1809) the eastern part of Sweden was ceded to Russia, thus becoming the Imperial Russian Grand Duchy of Finland, with Norrland divided between these two states. The Swedish portion of Norrland still represents more than half of Sweden's territory; it remains, however, sparsely populated compared to the south and middle. The town of Stockholm, which became the capital mostly because of its central location within the medieval boundaries of Sweden (i.e. the brightest area on the map), now was situated at the eastern edge of the realm.

See also

External links

Media related to Category:Lands of Sweden at Wikimedia Commons

  • Courts of Appeal: The Court Districts of Sweden - Official site of The National Courts Administration
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.