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Lari Constituency

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Lari Constituency

LARI CONSTITUENCY
Rural

Map Of Lari Constituency
Country Kenya
County Kiambu County
Government
 • MP Joseph Mburu Kahhanga
Area
 • Total 439.20 km2 (169.58 sq mi)
Elevation 2,200 m (7,200 ft)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 123,895
 • Density 280/km2 (730/sq mi)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Lari Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. Lari is located in the Western part of Kiambu County. The constituency was established as a constituency in 1966. Lari borders Kinangop North Constituency to the North, Limuru to the North, Githunguri and Gatundu North to the East and Shaina to the West. Lari also forms as one of the 12 sub-counties in Kiambu County. Lari is further divided to Five (5) wards each electing a representative to the Kiambu County Assembly.

According to 2009 Census Lari has a population of 123,895 people. Lari is located forty kilometers from Nairobi Kenya along the Nairobi-Nakuru highway. Lari is is a rural constituency. Majority residents are from Kikuyu tribe.

History

Lari history is scarcely documented. It is said that the name Lari is derived from the Maasai language. The name was in reference to its cold environment.

Lari was one of the constituency created in 1966 after the first Kenyan Senate and House of representatives merged to form the National Assembly (Parliament).[2] The constituency was established as a special seat for the then Kiambu Senator J M Koinange.[3] He was made the first Lari MP with no elections being held.

During the 19th century Lari was a back-up grazing ground for the Maa Community. Due to its cold nature, the area used to be green through out the year. The Maa community used to frequently to graze in the lands during the dry seasons at the base of the Rift Valley.

Lari Massacre
The story of the fight for Kenya's independence and Mau Mau has never been complete without the events mention of the Lari Massacre. Lari Massacre is also referred to as the The Night of the long Knives[4] The event happened started in March 1953 where Mau Mau combatants attacked and killed about 100 loyalists in this area. Among the Killed were Chief Luka and 97 other loyalists were murdered on 26 March 1953. Among the victims were 13 of Chief Luka’s immediate family members [4] What followed was more bloodshed as the British administrator hunted Mau Mau in the area. Kereita Forest bears the distinction of being the site of mass graves where over 5000 victims of revenge attacks on the local population by the British colonial administration were buried. Read more on Lari Massacre

Geography

Lari has a total area of 439.20 squire Kilometers. The area is largely mountainous. Part of Lari forms the escarpments of the Great Rift valley between Gitithia and Kijabe locations. Rukuma area is the highest the highest peak of the Great Rift Valley along the Nairobi-Nakuru Section the Nairobi and Nakuru Lari forms part of the escarpments.

Lari is a largely forested with the area covered by Uplands Forest, Kireita Forest, Kinale forest, Kamae forest and parts of the large Kikuyu Escarpment Forest.

Lari is relatively cold and receive considerable amount of rainfall per year. The area is extremely cold because of its location on the windward side of the cold Aberdare Ranges. The area also forms as the peak of the Great Rift Valley standing at 1,400m of the rift valley.

Administrative Units

In the national government Lari is a District with its administrative offices in Kimende Township. Its further divided in to 22 locations.

Under the County Government of Kiambu Lari a sub-county headed by a Sub-County administrator. Lari is further divided in to 5 Wards namely Lari/Kirenga, Kijabe, Kaburu, Kinale and Nyanduma Wards. Administrative units are also at Kimende Township

Economic Activities

Majority residents of Lari practice agriculture as the main source of livelihood however majority are subsistence farmers. Tea farming is largely practiced by residents of the eastern part of Lari. this areas include Kagwe, Kagaa, Gatamaiyu and Matimbei areas.

Vegetable Farming: Lari is more popularly known due to the heavy farming of vegetables which include Cabbages, Danias, spinach and kales (Sukuma Wiki). Vegetable farming in the constituency is largely favored by the large amounts of rainfall received through out the year and the continuous cold seasons.

There are two major markets for vegetables in the constituency; Soko Mjinga Market and Nyambari Godown Sukuma Wiki Market. Both markets supply to Nairobi, Kisumu and Mombasa an approximately 1,500bags of sukuma wiki per day. Lorries also ferry tones of Cabbages from Kinale location daily to various towns in Kenya.

Pear Fruits Farming: Lari is one of the few places in Kenya where pears are grown. Lari produces majority of the pear fruits per year which grow for only one season per year ( February - May). Pear trees are visible in most parts of Lari especially Nyambari, Gitithia, Githirioni, Kirenga, Kimende and Kambaa locations.

Daily Farming:Majority farmers in the area rear daily cows. While majority practice daily farming for own consumption, the surplus is sold. Daily farming in the area has led establishment of three Milk processing plants in the Area. Sundale Daily Products in Uplands, Green Land Daily in Nyambari and Kinale milk processing Plant.

Industries

Lari constituency is the host to Two major companies 1. Carbacid Kenya Limited Plant - carbon dioxide mining company 2. Farmers Choice's Uplands Bacon Factory

Civil Society

Lari is the home to very influential community based organizations in Kiambu County namely

KENVO - Kijabe Environment Volunteers

Kijabe Environment Volunteers (KENVO) is a voluntary community-based organization engaged in developing sustainable nature conservation programs in the Kikuyu Escarpment Forest. KENVO was formed in 1994 and officially registered in 1996. The major goal of KENVO is to promote conservation of the Kikuyu Escarpment ecosystems, while at the same time supporting community livelihoods. KENVO works in a number of key areas including capacity building, forest restoration, youth empowerment, promoting ecotourism, and research.

KENVO has helped improve the livelihood of communities, reduce threats on biodiversity and develop youth leadership. It collaborates with key stakeholders such as government departments, research institutions, private sector, and other development agencies to inform, educate and build the capacity of communities to embrace appropriate conservation practices in a sustainable way.

Kenvo offices are located in Kimende Township

Naitera Community Empowerment Programme

Naitera is a community based organization that is registered by the ministry of Gender, Children and Social Development. Naitera was founded in 2011 by members of the community in memory of Naitera who was a Maasai woman exchanged for food during the famine of early 20th century. Naitera activities are spread across Kiambu County Naitera aims to:-

  • Preserve the community cultural heritage including preservation and management of environment through active community participation
  • Advocate for support for the vulnerable in the community especially the elderly.
  • To ensure that community’s views and perspectives are integrated into development programmes in the Community, especially those of women, youth and the elderly.
  • Promote academic excellence and value of education among secondary school students and youth out of school

Naitera has an established network of CBOs and Self help groups across Kiambu County

Naitera Head offices are located at Kiwa Building in Nyambari Shopping Center

Amani Kenya| The Lari Memorial Peace Museum

Amani Kenya is based in Kimende, and does Peace, Justice and reconciliation work in Kenya.

As Peace isn't just the absence of war, the Peace Museum does work that ranges from Environment to HIV/AIDS prevention, all while focusing on community wholeness, and remembering how violence destroyed this wholeness.

Amani Kenya is located at Kimende Township, Behind Neema Supermarket,

Infrastructure

Rail: The Mombasa - Kampala railway passes through the constituency. Lari has two railway substations; Uplands Substation and Matathia Substation. Road: One of the major link to Lari is the Nairobi - Nakuru Highway (A104)which cuts across the constituency starting from Nyambari Shopping Center connecting Kimende and exiting at Soko Mjinga Vegetable Market. Lari also has 3 other major roads Uplands - Githunguri road, Kimende - Kagwe - Githunguri road and Gichiengo - Kijabe road which are all in poor conditions. Most roads are not tarmacked. Water Supply Bathi Dam located in Kijabe Ward is the major supplier of water within the constituency. the dam also supplies water to Nairobi through Athi Water Co. Ltd.

Hospitals

Lari is the home to the infamous . Kijabe is located within the Rift Valley escarpment. Founded in 1915 by missionaries from Africa Inland Mission (AIM), it was initially named Theodora Hospital after US President Theodore Roosevelt. In the 1970s, the Africa Inland Church (AIC), a large church denomination in Kenya assumed ownership and management responsibility for the hospital from AIM. The hospital staff of over 700 now comes from all parts of Kenya and Africa, including a number of volunteer missionaries from overseas Lari Health Center: this is the largest government health institution in the constituency and its located at Rukuma Shopping Center in Lari/Kirenga Ward

Tourism

Lari Rift Valley View Points: The Lari section of the escarpment is ranked the highest peak of the Great Rift Valley along the Nairobi - Nakuru Highway. This area of the escarpment gives tourists a good view of the Great Rift Valley with a good view of the Longonot Crater, Suswa Hills and the various steps of the rift valley. Locals have developed the good stand points and car parks along the escarpment. Curio shops are also available loaded with local artifacts and souvenirs.

Wild Animals Kamae forest is a gazetted forest reserve however there are hundreds of Elephants roaming in the forest. The animals can be seen along the Flyover - Gatundu road. Little has been done to market or explore this tourist attraction.

Hikes: Kereita Cave and Waterfall - The Kereita Forest at the southern-most end of the Aberdares range features many interesting hiking trails established by Kijabe Environment Volunteers (KENVO), a local community based organization that works to conserve this rich biodiversity which is a designated Important Bird Area. One of these trails, the Carbacid trail, leads to Kereita Waterfall on Gatamaiyu River, and the adjacent cave that is home to a small bat colony. Bathi dam is also located at a favorite section surrounded by grass and tree shades. creating a good lake-like environment for resting.

Politics

Lari has for a long time separately from their counter parts from the larger Kiambu and Central Province. Since the start of multiparty democracy in 1992 Lari has never voted for a Member of Parliament from the same party as the siting president despite winning with the presidential vote in 2002 and 2007. However in 2013 Kenya Elections Hon. Mburu Kahangara became the first P to be elected in Lari belong to the same party with the sitting president since 1992.

Members of Parliament

Elections for the members of parliament, Lari Constituency have been held since the constituency was gazetted in 1966.

County Assembly Wards

Lari has Five wards. each ward elects a representative to the Kiambu County Assembly. Currently all the Five representative are from The National Alliance Party of Kenya under the Jubilee Coalition.

Elections MP [5] Party Notes
1966 J. M. Koinange KANU
1969 Andrew Kuria Kinyanjui KANU One-party system
1974 Andrew Kuria Kinyanjui KANU One-party system
1979 Peter Turuthi Mungai KANU One-party system
1983 Peter Turuthi Mungai KANU One-party system.
1988 Andrew Kuria Kinyanjui KANU One-party system.
1992 Philip Gitonga Ford-Asili
1997 Philip Gitonga SDP
2002 James Viscount Kimathi KANU
2007 David Njuguna Kiburi Mwaura PPK
2013 Joseph Mburu Kahangara TNA
County Assembly Wards Population* Registered voters* County Representative Political Party
Kinale 26,007 9,083 Geoffrey Njuguna Mureithi TNA
Kijabe 27,612 7,790 Fred Mwangi Gakoba TNA
Nyanduma 23,454 7865 Joseph Mburu Gitiha TNA
Kamburu 18,951 7,432 Paul Kihoro KimanI TNA
Lari/Kirenga 27,871 9,365 Joseph Githaiga Wanjiru TNA
Total 123,895 50,972
IEBC Website.[6] Kenya Gazette Notice, March 2013 [7]

References

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