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Latifi's viper

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Title: Latifi's viper  
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Subject: Geography of Iran, Wildlife of Iran
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Latifi's viper

Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Viperinae
Genus: Vipera
Species: V. latifii
Binomial name
Vipera latifii
Mertens, Darevsky & Klemmer, 1967
  • Vipera latifii
    Mertens, Darevsky & Klemmer, 1967
  • Daboia (Daboia) raddei latifii
    Obst, 1983
  • Vipera latifii
    Weinstein & Minton, 1984
  • Vipera raddei latifii
    Golay et al., 1993[2]
Common names: Latifi's viper,[3] Iranian valley viper.[4]

Vipera latifii is a venomous viper species endemic to Iran. No subspecies are currently recognized.[5]


The specific name, latifii, is in honor of Iranian herpetologist Mahmoud Latifi,[6] who collected the holotype.[7]


For adult males, the maximum total length (body + tail) is 78 cm (31 in); for females, 70 cm (28 in).[3]

Holotype: SMF 62585.[2]

Geographic range

It is found in Iran in the upper Lar Valley in the Elburz Mountains.

The type locality is listed as "Hochtal von Lar (2180-2900 m Höhe), südwestlisch des Demavend-Gipfels im Elburs-Gebirge, nordöstlich von Tehran, Iran" [High valley of the Lar (7,150–9,500 ft), southwest of Demavend Peak in the Elburz Mountains, northwest of Tehran, Iran].[2]

Conservation status

This species is classified Endangered (En) according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species with the following criteria: B1+2c (v2.3, 1994).[8] This indicates that the extent of occurrence is estimated to be less than 20,000 km², or the area of occupancy is estimated to be less than 2,000 km². Estimates indicate that the total population is severely fragmented or known to exist at no more than ten locations. Also, a continuing decline is inferred, observed or projected in the area, extent and/or quality of its habitat. Year assessed: 1996.[9]


It is found in rocky habitats at 2180–2900 m (7,150-9,500 ft) altitude .[2]

See also


Further reading

  • Golay P, Smith HM, Broadley DG, Dixon JR, McCarthy CJ, Rage J-C, Schätti B, Toriba M. 1993. Endoglyphs and Other Major Venomous Snakes of the World. A Checklist. Geneva: Azemiops. 478 pp.
  • Latifi, Mahmoud. 1991. The Snakes of Iran. Oxford, Ohio: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. 167 pp. ISBN 0-916984-22-2. (Vipera latifii, "Damavandi Viper", p. 132.)
  • Mertens R, Darevsky IL, Klemmer K. 1967. Vipera latifii, eine neue Giftschlange aus dem Iran. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 161-168.

External links

  • Reptile Database. Accessed 2 September 2007.
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