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Lead carbonate

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Title: Lead carbonate  
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Subject: Compounds of lead, Lead, Lead-based paint in the United Kingdom, Autoclave tape, Imitation pearl
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Lead carbonate

Lead carbonate
Lead carbonate
IUPAC name
Lead(II) carbonate
Other names
RTECS number OF9275000
Molar mass 267.21 g/mol
Appearance White powder
Density 6.582 g/cm3
Melting point 315 °C (599 °F; 588 K) (decomposes)
0.00011 g/100 mL (20 °C)
1.46 x 10−13https://articles/Lead_carbonate
Solubility insoluble in alcohol, ammonia;
soluble in acid, alkali
1.804 [1]
Safety data sheet External MSDS
Repr. Cat. 1/3
Toxic (T)
Harmful (Xn)
Dangerous for the environment (N)
R-phrases R50/53
S-phrases S53, S45, S60, S61
Flash point Non-flammable
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 N  (: Y/N?)

Lead(II) carbonate is the chemical compound PbCO3. It is prepared industrially from lead(II) acetate and carbon dioxide.

It occurs naturally as the mineral cerussite.[2]


  • Carbonate 1
  • Manufacturing 2
  • Regulations 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Old toxic Dutch Boy Paint, with basic lead carbonate and linseed oil

There are a number of basic lead carbonates and related compounds, including:

  • White lead, a basic lead carbonate, 2PbCO3·Pb(OH)2
  • Shannonite, PbCO3·PbO
  • 3PbCO3·Pb(OH)2·PbO[3]
  • PbCO3·2PbO
  • NaPb2(OH)(CO3)2
  • Leadhillite, 2PbCO3·PbSO4·Pb(OH)2


Lead carbonate is manufactured by passing carbon dioxide into a cold dilute solution of lead(II) acetate, or by shaking a suspension of a lead salt less soluble than the carbonate with ammonium carbonate at a low temperature to avoid formation of basic lead carbonate.


The supply and use of this compound is restricted in Europe.[4]


  1. ^ Pradyot Patnaik. Handbook of Inorganic Chemicals. McGraw-Hill, 2002, ISBN 0-07-049439-8
  2. ^ Inorganic Chemistry, Egon Wiberg, Arnold Frederick Holleman Elsevier 2001 ISBN 0-12-352651-5
  3. ^ S.V. Krivovichev and P.C. Burns, "Crystal chemistry of basic lead carbonates. II. Crystal structure of synthetic 'plumbonacrite'." Mineralogical Magazine, 64(6), pp. 1069-1075, December 2000.
  4. ^

External links

  • International Chemical Safety Card 0999
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