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Liberty County, Montana

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Title: Liberty County, Montana  
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Subject: Chester, Montana, Joplin, Montana, Pondera County, Montana, Toole County, Montana, Chouteau County, Montana
Collection: 1919 Establishments in Montana, Liberty County, Montana, Populated Places Established in 1919
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Liberty County, Montana

Liberty County, Montana
Liberty County Courthouse in Chester
Map of Montana highlighting Liberty County
Location in the state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location in the U.S.
Founded 2/11/1920[1]
Seat Chester
Largest town Chester
 • Total 1,447 sq mi (3,748 km2)
 • Land 1,430 sq mi (3,704 km2)
 • Water 17 sq mi (44 km2), 1.2%
 • (2010) 2,339
 • Density 1.6/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6

Liberty County is a county located in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,339.[2] Its county seat is Chester.[3] The county was established in 1919.[4]

Liberty County is home to Tiber Dam, which is located in the south western part of the county. It is south from the Canadian border of Alberta.


  • Geography 1
    • Adjacent Counties 1.1
  • Demographics 2
  • Communities 3
    • Town 3.1
    • Census-designated place 3.2
    • Unincorporated communities 3.3
  • See also 4
  • References 5


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,447 square miles (3,750 km2), of which 1,430 square miles (3,700 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (1.2%) is water.[5]

Adjacent Counties


As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 2,158 people, 833 households, and 583 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,070 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 99.21% White, 0.09% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. 0.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.0% were of German, 20.0% Norwegian, 7.2% English, 5.8% American and 5.0% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 84.5% spoke English and 15.5% German as their first language.

There were 833 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 5.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 19.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,284, and the median income for a family was $37,361. Males had a median income of $23,158 versus $16,579 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,882. About 19.00% of families and 20.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.90% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over.

Researchers William P. O'Hare and Kenneth M. Johnson described the county as typical of the northern Great Plains in being very thinly settled, almost fully dependent on agriculture, and lacking in urban areas. They noted that income can fluctuate substantially from year to year, depending on rainfall (which affects harvest yields) as well as grain and cattle prices, and that the 2000 Census recorded low incomes in 1999 after several years of drought. Also, the presence of Hutterite colonies in the county depresses per capita incomes because Hutterite families have significantly more children than the general population.[12]



Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "History". Liberty County. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 28, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  12. ^ Facing Child Poverty in Rural America by William P. O'Hare and Kenneth M. Johnson, Population Reference Bureau, January 2004

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