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Ligusticum

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Ligusticum

Ligusticum
Ligusticum mutellinoides
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Tribe: Selineae
Genus: Ligusticum
L.
Type species
Ligusticum scoticum
L. [1]

Ligusticum is a genus of about 60 species of flowering plants in the family Apiaceae,[2] native to cool temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Its name is believed to derive from the Italian region of Liguria.[3]

Species

Uses

The roots of two species are used as medicinal herbs. L. wallichii is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in Chinese herbology, where it is called chuānxiōng (川芎); in English, Szechwan lovage.[4] L. porteri (osha) is used in Western herbal medicine. Chinese Ligusticum root contains alkaloids that have been shown in studies to inhibit TNF-alpha production and TNF-alpha-mediated NF-kappaB activation.[5] One study conducted in Japan showed the active compounds found in Ligusticum sinense have both anti-inflammatory and pain-reducing effects, exerting its anti-inflammatory benefits in the early and the late stages of processes in the inflammatory pathology.[6]

Both Ligusticum sinense and L. jeholens essntial oils contain natural antimicrobial and antioxidant agents.[7]

References

  1. ^ Le Roy Abrams & Roxana Stinchfield Ferris (1923). "Ligusticum L. Sp. Pl. 250. 1753". Geraniaceae to Scrophulariaceae, geraniums to figworts. An Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States: Washington, Oregon, and California 3.  
  2. ^ Menglan She, Fading Pu, Zehui Pan, Mark Watson, John F. M. Cannon, Ingrid Holmes-Smith, Eugene V. Kljuykov, Loy R. Phillippe & Michael G. Pimenov (2005). "Ligusticum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 250. 1753". In Flora of China Editorial Committee, Wu Zhengyi & Peter Raven. Apiaceae through Ericaceae.  
  3. ^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  4. ^ Page about use in Chinese medicine
  5. ^ Prieto JM, Recio MC, Giner RM, Máñez S, Giner-Larza EM, Ríos JL (2003). "Influence of traditional Chinese anti-inflammatory medicinal plants on leukocyte and platelet functions". J Pharm Pharmacol 9 (55): 1275–82. Retrieved 2012-01-05. 
  6. ^ Jim English (2010). "Traditional Chinese Herbs for Arthritis". Nutrition Review 5 (2). Retrieved 2011-12-29. 
  7. ^ Jihua Wang, Liang Xu, Ling Yang, Zhilong Liu and Ligang Zhou "Composition, Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activities of Essential Oils from Ligusticum sinense and L. jeholense (Umbelliferae) from China" Rec. Nat. Prod. 5:4 (2011) 314-318 Records of Natural Products


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