World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Lisianski Island

Lisianski Island
Native name: Papa‘āpoho
Geography
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates
Archipelago Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
Area 384.425 acres (155.571 ha)
Length 1.2 mi (1.9 km)
Width 0.6 mi (1 km)
Coastline 3.1 mi (5 km)
Country
State Hawaii

Lisianski Island (Hawaiian: Papa‘āpoho) is one of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, with a land area of 384.425 acres (155.571 ha) and a maximum elevation of 40 feet (12 m) above sea level. It is a low, flat sand and coral island about 905 nautical miles (1,676 km) northwest of Honolulu.[1] Linked to Lisianski are the extensive Neva Shoals. Access to the island is limited by helicopter or by boat to a narrow sandy inlet on the southeastern side of the island.

The volcanic island is undergoing the slow process of erosion, and features a depression between two tall sand dunes, that is thought to once have been a lagoon like the one on Laysan, its nearest neighbor. For this reason, the island's selected Hawaiian name, Papa‘āpoho, means "island with a depression". Over three-quarters of the Bonin petrels that nest in Hawaii nest here. Recent discovery of subfossils on the island indicate that Laysan duck populations occurred on the island, possibly as a result of the former lagoon.

Yury Lisyansky, the namesake

The Island is named after Yuri Feodorovich Lisyansky, an officer in the Imperial Russian Navy. Lisianski was the commanding officer of the Russian-American Company's merchant sloop Neva, which was on an exploration mission as part of the first Russian circumnavigation of the world when she ran aground on the island in 1805. Lisianski reported the Island to be of little interest, except insofar as its surrounding reefs and shoals posed a threat to passing vessels.

King Kamehameha IV claimed the island for the Hawaiian Kingdom on 10 May 1857. In 1890, the North Pacific Phosphate and Fertilizer Company acquired a twenty-year lease on the island from the Kingdom of Hawaii.

In 1909, Lisianski became part of the new Hawaiian Islands Bird Reservation established by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. Prior to this, there had been concern about the poaching of birds on the island.[1][2]

Contents

  • Neva Shoals 1
  • See also 2
  • Bibliography 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Neva Shoals

The coral at Neva Shoals

Neva Shoals is a shallow reef covering 979 square kilometers (378 sq mi),.[3] more than half the size of Oahu, directly southeast of the island. Neva Shoals was named by Lisiansky, after his ship, Neva. The shoal is shallow and makes access to the island difficult.The reef has been described by divers as a "coral garden" [2] because of the great variety of coral. Twenty-four types of coral have been identified at the reefs surrounding Lisianski. Reef fish are abundant, including predators.[3]


A bathymetric chart of the Neva shoal
A satellite image of the Neva shoal

See also

Bibliography

  • Lisianski Island: Block 1014, Census Tract 114.98, Honolulu County, Hawaii, United States Census Bureau.
  • M. Rauzon, Isles of Refuge: Wildlife and History of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu: 2001.

References

  1. ^ a b "Lisianski Island and Neva Shoals" National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 12-22-2011.
  2. ^ "NWHI: About: Lisianski Island" Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Multi-Agency Education Project. Retrieved October 12, 2011
  3. ^ a b "Lisianski Island", a University of Hawai'i webpage

External links

  • Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Multi-Agency Education Project – Lisianski
  • Jane's Oceania Home Page – Lisianski
  • Quick Facts on Lisianski Island from the PBS Ocean Adventures site
  • Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve
  • Google Street View


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.