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List of Italian concentration camps

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List of Italian concentration camps

Italian concentration camps include camps from the Italian colonial wars in Africa, as well as camps for civil population from areas occupied by Italy during WW II. Memory of both camps were subjected to "historical amnesia". The repression of memory led to historical revisionism[1] in Italy and in 2003 the Italian media published Silvio Berlusconi's statement that Benito Mussolini only "used to send people on vacation".[2][3]

List

Name of the camp and location of locality and present-day countryDate of establishmentDate of disestablishmentEstimated number of prisonersEstimated number of deaths
Nocra prison and concentration camp in Nocra, Eritrea18901941 
Abyar concentration camp in Abyar, Libya193019333,123[4] 
Agedabia concentration camp in Ajdabiya, Libya1930193310,000[4] 
El Agheila concentration camp in El Agheila, Libya1930193310,900[4] 
Marsa Brega concentration camp in Brega, Libya1930193321,117[4] 
Sid Ahmed el Maghrun concentration camp in El Magrun, Libya1930193313,050[4] 
Soluch concentration camp in Suluq, Libya1930193320,123[4] 
Danane concentration camp near Mogadishu, Somalia193519416,000[4]3,175[5]
Bakar31 December 19421 July 1943893[6] 
Baranello near Campobasso    
Campagna concentration camp in Campagna near Salerno15 June 194019 September 1943  
Casolli near Chieti    
Chiesanuova near PaduaJune 1942   
Cremona    
Ferramonti di Tarsia near Cosenzasummer 19404 September 19433,800 
Finale Emila near Modena    
Gonars concentration camp near PalmanovaMarch 19428 September 19437,000453; >500
Lipari    
Malo near Venice    
Molat (Melada)    
Monigo near TrevisoJune 1942   
Montechiarugolo near Parma    
Ponza    
Potenza    
Rab concentration camp on the island of Rab (Arbe), separate camps for Slovenes/Croats and JewsJuly 194211 September 194310,0002,000
Renicci di Anghiari, near ArezzoOctober 1942   
Sepino near Campobasso    
Treviso    
Urbisaglia    
Vestone    
Vinchiaturo, near Campobasso    
Visco, near Palmanovawinter 1942   
Campo di Fossoli, near Carpi   

Notes

References

External links

  • www.campifascisti.it, Online Research project
  • "The Last Witnesses", 2013 Exhibition at National Museum for Contemporary History (Slovenia) documenting photos and interviews with survivors
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