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List of Presidents of the Dominican Republic

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Title: List of Presidents of the Dominican Republic  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of state leaders in 1965, Joaquín Balaguer, Rafael Trujillo, Leonel Fernández, Ulises Heureaux
Collection: Lists of National Presidents, Lists of Political Office-Holders in the Dominican Republic, Presidents of the Dominican Republic
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List of Presidents of the Dominican Republic


The President of the Dominican Republic is both the head of state and head of government of the Dominican Republic. The presidential system was established in 1844, following the proclamation of the republic. The President of the Dominican Republic receives the treatment of His Excellency during his time in office. His official address is the National Palace. Also, the position corresponds to the highest office in the country, the highest senior government official and the prominent political figure in the nation.

The current Constitution of the Dominican Republic (last amended in 2010) establishes the requirements, rights and obligations to be met by the President of the Republic.

Currently, the office can be held for a period of four years without immediate re-election. After at least one constitutional term, a person who has held the post of President before may run for this Office again. The change of command takes place every four years, on 16 August, which is the day of the Restoration of the Republic and therefore a national holiday.

The current President of the Dominican Republic is Danilo Medina of the Partido de la Liberación Dominicana (PLD) (Dominican Liberation Party), who took office on 16 August 2012.

List of official Presidents of the Dominican Republic (1844–present)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Began office Left office Title(s)
Central Government Board 1 March 1844 13 November 1844 Central Government Board
President:
Tomas Bobadilla Briones
Members:
Manuel Jimenes
Carlos Moreno
Mariano Echavarria
Jose Maria Caminero
Francisco del Rosario Sanchez
Matias Ramon Mella
Manuel Maria Valverde
Francisco Xavier Abreu
Felix Mercenario
Silvano Pujol
Juan Pablo Duarte
1 Pedro Santana
(1801–1864)
13 November 1844 4 August 1848 President
Council of Secretaries of State 4 August 1848 8 September 1848 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Félix Mercenario
Domingo de la Rocha
José María Caminero
Manuel Jimenes
2 Manuel Jimenes
(1808–1854)
8 September 1848 29 May 1849 President
3 Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
29 May 1849 15 February 1853 President
4 Pedro Santana
(1801–1864)
15 February 1853 26 May 1856 President
5 Manuel de Regla Mota
(1795–1864)
26 May 1856 8 October 1856 President
6 Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
8 October 1856 13 June 1858 President
7 José Desiderio Valverde
(1822–1903)
13 June 1858 31 August 1858 President
8 Pedro Santana
(1801–1864)
31 August 1858 18 March 1861 President
From 1861 until 1865, Dominican Republic was annexed by Spain.
9 Pedro Antonio Pimentel
(1830–1874)
25 March 1865 4 August 1865 President
José María Cabral
(1816–1899)
4 August 1865 15 November 1865 Supreme Chief
Pedro Guillermo
(1814–1867)
15 November 1865 8 December 1865 President of the Provisional Government Junta
10 Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
8 December 1865 29 May 1866 President
Triumvirate 29 May 1866 22 August 1866 Members:
Pedro Antonio Pimentel
Gregorio Luperón
Federico de Jesús García
11 José María Cabral
(1816–1899)
22 August 1866 3 January 1868 President
12 Manuel Altagracia Cáceres
(1838–1878)
3 January 1868 13 February 1868 President
Junta of Generals 13 February 1868 2 May 1868 Members:
José Antonio Hungría
Francisco Antonio Gómez Báez
José Ramón Luciano y Franco
13 Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
2 May 1868 2 January 1874 President
Ignacio María González
(1838–1915)
2 January 1874 22 January 1874 Supreme Chief
Generals-in-Chief 22 January 1874 6 April 1874 Members:
Ignacio María González
Manuel Altagracia Cáceres
14 Ignacio María González
(1838–1915)
6 April 1874 23 February 1876 President
Council of Secretaries of State 23 February 1876 29 April 1876 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Pedro Tomás Garrido
José de Jesús de Castro
Pedro Pablo de Bonilla
Juan Bautista Zafra
Pablo López Villanueva
Jacinto Peynado
15 Ulises Francisco Espaillat
(1823–1878)
29 April 1876 5 October 1876 President
Superior Governing Junta 5 October 1876 11 November 1876 Members:
Pablo López Villanueva
José Caminero Matías
Juan Esteban Ariza Matos
Fidel Rodríguez Urdaneta
José de Jesús Eduardo de Castro Álvarez
Juan Bautista Zafra y Miranda
Pedro Tomás Garrido Matos
Ignacio María González
(1838–1915)
11 November 1876 9 December 1876 Supreme Chief
Marcos Antonio Cabral
(1843–1903)
9 December 1876 26 December 1876 President of the Provisional Government Junta
16 Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
26 December 1876 2 March 1878 President
Council of Secretaries of State 2 March 1878 5 March 1878 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
José María Cabral
Joaquín Montolío
17 Cesareo Guillermo
(1847–1885)
5 March 1878 6 July 1878 President
18 Ignacio María González
(1838–1915)
6 July 1878 2 September 1878 President
People's Military Chiefs 2 September 1878 6 September 1878 People's Military Chiefs
Members:
Ulises Heureaux
Cesáreo Guillermo
Jacinto de Castro
(1811–1896)
7 September 1878 29 September 1878 Acting President
Council of Secretaries of State 30 September 1878 27 February 1879 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Cesáreo Guillermo
Alejandro Angulo Guridi
Pedro Maria Aristy
19 Cesareo Guillermo
(1847–1885)
27 February 1879 6 December 1879 President
20 Gregorio Luperón
(1839–1897)
6 December 1879 1 September 1880 President
21 Fernando Arturo de Meriño
(1833–1906)
1 September 1880 1 September 1882 President
22 Ulises Heureaux
(1845–1899)
1 September 1882 1 September 1884 President
23 Francisco Gregorio Billini
(1844–1898)
1 September 1884 16 May 1885 President
24 Alejandro Woss y Gil
(1856–1932)
16 May 1885 6 January 1887 President
25 Ulises Heureaux
(1845–1899)
6 January 1887 27 February 1889 President
Manuel María Gautier
(1830–1897)
27 February 1889 30 April 1889 Acting President
26 Ulises Heureaux
(1845–1899)
30 April 1889 26 July 1899 President
27 Wenceslao Figuereo
(1834–1910)
26 July 1899 30 August 1899 President
Council of Secretaries of State 30 August 1899 31 August 1899 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Tomás Demetrio Morales
Arístides Patiño
Enrique Henríquez y Alfau
Jaime R. Vidal
Braulio Álvarez
People's Revolutionary Governing Junta 31 August 1899 4 September 1899 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Mariano Cestero
Álvaro Logroño
Arístides Patiño
Pedro María Mejía
Horacio Vásquez
(1860–1936)
4 September 1899 15 November 1899 President of the Provisional Government Junta
28 Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra
(1846–1919)
15 November 1899 2 May 1902 President
Horacio Vásquez
(1860–1936)
2 May 1902 23 April 1903 President of the Provisional Government Junta
29 Alejandro Woss y Gil
(1856–1932)
23 April 1903 24 November 1903 President
30 Carlos Felipe Morales
(1868–1914)
24 November 1903 29 December 1905 President
Council of Secretaries of State 25 December 1905 12 January 1906 Council of Secretaries of State (acting for Morales)
Members:
Manuel Lamarche García
Emiliano Tejera
Andrés Julio Montolío
Francisco Leonte Vásquez Lajara
Carlos Ginebra
Eladio Victoria
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
31 Ramón Cáceres
(1866–1911)
12 January 1906 19 November 1911 President
Council of Secretaries of State 19 November 1911 5 December 1911 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Miguel Antonio Román
José María Cabral
Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
Manuel Lamarche García
Emilio Tejera
Rafael Díaz
32 Eladio Victoria
(1864–1939)
5 December 1911 30 November 1912 President
Adolfo Alejandro Nouel
(1862–1937)
30 November 1912 13 April 1913 Provisional President
José Bordas Valdez
(1874–1968)
14 April 1913 27 August 1914 Provisional President
Ramón Báez
(1858–1929)
28 August 1914 5 December 1914 Provisional President
33 Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra
(1846–1919)
5 December 1914 7 May 1916 President
Council of Secretaries of State 7 May 1916 31 July 1916 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Jaime Mota
Bernardo Pichardo
José Manuel Jimenes
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
34 Francisco Henríquez y Carvajal
(1859–1935)
31 July 1916 29 November 1916 President
From 1916 until 1924, Dominican Republic was occupied by the United States.
Juan Bautista Vicini Burgos
(1871–1935)
21 October 1922 12 July 1924 Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
35 Horacio Vásquez
(1860–1936)
12 July 1924 3 March 1930 President
Rafael Estrella Ureña
(1889–1945)
3 March 1930 16 August 1930 Acting President
36 Rafael Trujillo
(1891–1961)
16 August 1930 16 August 1938 President
37 Jacinto Peynado
(1878–1940)
16 August 1938 24 February 1940 President
38 Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha
(1878–1955)
24 February 1940 18 May 1942 President
39 Rafael Trujillo
(1891–1961)
18 May 1942 16 August 1952 President
40 Héctor Trujillo
(1908–2002)
16 August 1952 3 August 1960 President
41 Joaquín Balaguer
(1906–2002)
3 August 1960 16 January 1962 President
Civic-Military Council 16 January 1962 18 January 1962 Civic-Military Council
Members:
Armando Óscar Pacheco
Luis Amiama Tió
Antonio Imbert Barrera
Enrique Valdez Vidaurre
Wilfredo Medina Natalio
Huberto Bogaert
42 Rafael Filiberto Bonnelly
(1904–1979)
18 January 1962 27 February 1963 President
43 Juan Bosch
(1909–2001)
27 February 1963 25 September 1963 President
Víctor Elby Viñas Román
(1925–2004)
25 September 1963 26 September 1963 Chairman of the Provisional Junta
Triumvirate 26 September 1963 25 April 1965 Members:
Emilio de los Santos y Salcié
(to 22 December 1963) (Chairman)

Donald Reid Cabral
(from 29 December 1963) (Chairman)

Manuel Enrique Tavares Espaillat
Ramón Tapia Espinal
Revolutionary Committee 25 April 1965 25 April 1965 Members:
Vinicio Fernández Pérez
Giovanni Gutiérrez Ramírez
Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deñó
Eladio Ramírez Sánchez
Pedro Bartolomé Benoit
José Rafael Molina Ureña
(1921–2000)
25 April 1965 27 April 1965 Provisional President
From 27 April 1965 to 1 May 1965, there was no chief executive for the country.
Pedro Bartolomé Benoit
(1921–2012)
1 May 1965 7 May 1965 Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
44 Antonio Imbert Barrera
(1920–)
7 May 1965 30 August 1965 President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
From 30 August 1965 to 3 September 1965, there was no chief executive for the country.
Héctor García-Godoy
(1921–1970)
3 September 1965 1 July 1966 Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
45 Joaquín Balaguer
(1906–2002)
1 July 1966 16 August 1978 President
46 Antonio Guzmán Fernández
(1911–1982)
16 August 1978 4 July 1982 President
47 Jacobo Majluta Azar
(1934–1996)
4 July 1982 16 August 1982 President
48 Salvador Jorge Blanco
(1926–2010)
16 August 1982 16 August 1986 President
49 Joaquín Balaguer
(1906–2002)
16 August 1986 16 August 1996 President
50 Leonel Fernández
(1953–)
16 August 1996 16 August 2000 President
51 Hipólito Mejía
(1941–)
16 August 2000 16 August 2004 President
52 Leonel Fernández
(1953–)
16 August 2004 16 August 2012 President
53 Danilo Medina
(1951–)
16 August 2012 Incumbent President

List of unofficial Presidents of the Dominican Republic

Supreme Chiefs or Protectors

Spanish Governors-General of Santo Domingo (1861–1865)

Heads of State of the Dominican Republic (1863–1865)

In rebellion (1867–1868)

Constitutional Executive Junta (in rebellion, February, 1876)

In rebellion (1878)

United States Governors of Santo Domingo (1916–1922)

In rebellion (1963)

President with Constitutionalist de jure and de facto

Latest election

See also

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