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List of United States Senators from New Jersey

 

List of United States Senators from New Jersey

This is a chronological listing of the United States Senators from New Jersey. United States Senators are popularly elected, for a six-year term beginning January 3. Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. Before 1914, they were chosen by the New Jersey Legislature, and before 1935, their terms began March 4. The current Senators are Democrats Bob Menendez and Cory A. Booker.

Class 1

Class 1 senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for one session of the U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, 2012, and 2018.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 Jonathan Elmer Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
1 1 Elected in 1789

2 John Rutherfurd Federalist March 4, 1791 –
December 5, 1798
2 2 Elected in 1790
3
4
5 3 Re-elected in 1796

Resigned for unclear reasons.
3 Franklin Davenport Federalist December 5, 1798 –
March 3, 1799
Appointed to continue Rutherfurd's term

4 James Schureman Federalist March 4, 1799 –
February 16, 1801
6 Elected to finish Rutherfurd's term

Resigned
Vacant
5 Aaron Ogden Federalist February 28, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
6
(Continued)
Elected to finish Schureman's term

Lost re-election
7
Vacant March 3, 1803 –
September 1, 1803
8 4 Legislature failed to elect
6 John Condit Democratic-
Republican
September 1, 1803 –
March 3, 1809
8
(Continued)
Appointed to continue the term left vacant by the failure of the legislature to elect
Elected to finish the term left vacant by the failure of the legislature to elect

9
10
7 John Lambert Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1815
11 5 Elected in 1809

12
13
8 James J. Wilson Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1815 –
January 8, 1821
14 6 Elected in 1815

Lost re-election,
and resigned early
15
16
Vacant January 8, 1821 –
January 26, 1821
9 Samuel L. Southard Democratic-
Republican
January 26, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
16
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Wilson's term,
having been elected to the next term
17 7 Elected in 1821

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Navy
Vacant March 4, 1823 –
November 12, 1823
18
10 Joseph McIlvaine Adams
Republican
November 12, 1823 –
August 19, 1826
18
(Continued)
Elected to finish Southard's term

Died
Anti-
Jacksonian
19
Vacant August 19, 1826 –
November 10, 1826
11 Ephraim Bateman Anti-
Jacksonian
November 10, 1826 –
January 12, 1829
19
(Continued)
Elected to finish McIlvaine's term
Adams 20 8 Elected to full term in 1826

Resigned because of failing health
Vacant January 12, 1829 –
January 30, 1829
12 Mahlon Dickerson Jacksonian January 30, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
20
(Continued)
Elected to finish Bateman's term

21
22
13 Samuel L. Southard Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1833 –
June 26, 1842
23 9 Elected in 1833
24
Whig 25
26 10 Re-elected in 1839

Resigned due to failing health
27
Vacant June 26, 1842 –
July 2, 1842
14 William L. Dayton Whig July 2, 1842 –
March 3, 1851
27
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Southard's term
Elected to finish Southard's term
28
29 11 Re-elected in 1845

Lost re-election
30
31
15 Robert F. Stockton Democratic March 4, 1851 –
January 10, 1853
32 12 Elected in 1851

Resigned to become president of the Delaware and Raritan Canal Company
Vacant January 10, 1853 –
March 4, 1853
16 John Renshaw Thomson Democratic March 4, 1853 –
September 12, 1862
33 Elected to finish Stockton's term
34
35 13 Re-elected in 1858

Died
36
37
Vacant September 12, 1862 –
November 21, 1862
17 Richard Stockton Field Republican November 21, 1862 –
January 14, 1863
Appointed to continue Thomson's term

Retired when successor elected
18 James Walter Wall Democratic January 14, 1863 –
March 3, 1863
19 William Wright Democratic March 4, 1863 –
November 1, 1866
38 14 Elected in 1863

Died
39
Vacant November 1, 1866 –
November 12, 1866
20 Frederick T. Frelinghuysen Republican November 12, 1866 –
March 3, 1869
39
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Wright's term
Elected to finish Wright's term

Lost re-election
40
21 John P. Stockton Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
41 15 Elected in 1869

42
43
22 Theodore F. Randolph Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1881
44 16 Elected in 1875

45
46
23 William Joyce Sewell Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1887
47 17 Elected in 1881

Lost re-election
48
49
24 Rufus Blodgett Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1893
50 18 Elected in 1887

Retired
51
52
25 James Smith, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1899
53 19 Elected in 1893

Retired
54
55
26 John Kean Republican March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1911
56 20 Elected in 1899
57
58
59 21 Re-elected in 1905

Retired


60
61
27 James Edgar Martine Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
62 22 Elected in 1910

Retired
63
64
28 Joseph S. Frelinghuysen Republican March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1923
65 23 Elected in 1916

Lost re-election
66
67
29 Edward I. Edwards Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1929
68 24 Elected in 1922

Lost re-election
69
70
30 Hamilton Fish Kean Republican March 4, 1929 –
January 3, 1935
71 25 Elected in 1928

Lost re-election
72
73
31 A. Harry Moore Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 17, 1938
74 26 Elected in 1934

Resigned to become Governor
75
32 John Gerald Milton Democratic January 18, 1938 –
November 8, 1938
Appointed to continue Moore's term

Retired when successor elected
33 William Warren Barbour Republican November 8, 1938 –
November 22, 1943
75
(Continued)
Elected to finish Moore's term
76
77 27 Re-elected in 1940

Died
78
Vacant November 22, 1943 –
November 26, 1943
34 Arthur Walsh Democratic November 26, 1943 –
December 7, 1944
Appointed to finish Barbour's term

Retired when successor was elected
35 Howard Alexander Smith Republican December 7, 1944–
January 3, 1959
78
(Continued)
Elected to finish Barbour's term
79
80 28 Re-elected in 1946
81
82
83 29 Re-elected in 1952

Retired
84
85
36 Harrison A. Williams Democratic January 3, 1959–
March 11, 1982
86 30 Elected in 1958
87
88
89 31 Re-elected in 1964
90
91
92 32 Re-elected in 1970
93
94
95 33 Re-elected in 1976

Resigned
96
97
Vacant March 11, 1982 –
April 12, 1982
37 Nicholas F. Brady Republican April 12, 1982 –
December 20, 1982
Appointed to finish Williams's term

Retired and resigned early to give elected successor preferential seniority
Vacant December 20, 1982 –
December 27, 1982
38 Frank Lautenberg Democratic December 27, 1982 –
January 3, 2001
97
(Continued)
Appointed early, having been already elected to the next term
98 34 Elected in 1982
99
100
101 35 Re-elected in 1988
102
103
104 36 Re-elected in 1994

Retired
105
106
39 Jon S. Corzine Democratic January 3, 2001 –
January 17, 2006
107 37 Elected in 2000

Resigned to become N.J. Governor
108
109
40 Bob Menendez Democratic January 18, 2006 –
Present
109
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Corzine's term
110 38 Elected to full term in 2006
111
112
113 39 Re-elected in 2012
114
115
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

Class 2

Class 2 senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for two sessions of the U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 William Paterson Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
November 13, 1790
1 1 Elected in 1789

Resigned to become N.J. Governor
Vacant
2 Philemon Dickinson Pro-
Administration
November 23, 1790–
March 3, 1793
1
(continued)
Elected to finish Paterson's term

Retired
2
3 Frederick Frelinghuysen Federalist March 4, 1793–
November 12, 1796
3 2 Elected in 1793

Resigned
4
4 Richard Stockton Federalist November 12, 1796–
March 3, 1799
Elected to finish Frelinghuysen's term

Retired
5
5 Jonathan Dayton Federalist March 4, 1799–
March 3, 1805
6 3 Elected in 1799
7
8
6 Aaron Kitchell Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1805 –
March 12, 1809
9 4 Elected in 1805

Resigned
10
11
Vacant March 12, 1809 –
March 21, 1809
11
(continued)
7 John Condit Democratic-
Republican
March 21, 1809 –
March 3, 1817
11
(continued)
Elected to finish the term.
12 5 Re-elected to a full term in November, 1810.

13
14
8 Mahlon Dickerson Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1817 –
January 30, 1829
15 6 Elected in 1817
16
17
Crawford
Republican
18 7 Re-elected in 1823

Resigned and immediately re-elected for the Class 1 seat
Jacksonian 19
20
Vacant January 30, 1829 –
March 4, 1829
20
(continued)
9 Theodore Frelinghuysen Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1835
21 8 Elected in 1828

22
23
10 Garret D. Wall Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1841
24 9 Elected in 1835

Lost re-election
Democratic 25
26
11 Jacob W. Miller Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1853
27 10 Elected in 1840
28
29
30 11 Re-elected in 1846

31
32
12 William Wright Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1859
33 12 Elected in 1852

Lost re-election
34
35
13 John C. Ten Eyck Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1865
36 13 Elected in 1858

Lost re-election
37
38
Vacant March 3, 1865–
March 15, 1865
39 14
14 John P. Stockton Democratic March 15, 1865 –
March 27, 1866
Elected in 1864

Election disputed and seat declared vacant
Vacant
15 Alexander G. Cattell Republican September 19, 1866 –
March 3, 1871
39
(continued)
Elected to finish Stockton's term

Retired
40
41
16 Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen Republican March 4, 1871–
March 3, 1877
42 15 Elected in 1871

Lost re-election
43
44
17 John R. McPherson Democratic March 4, 1877–
March 3, 1895
45 16 Elected in 1877
46
47
48 17 Re-elected in 1883
49
50
51 18 Re-elected in 1889

52
53
18 William Joyce Sewell Republican March 4, 1895–
December 27, 1901
54 19 Elected in 1895
55
56
57 20 Re-elected in 1901

Died
Vacant December 27, 1901–
January 29, 1902
19 John F. Dryden Republican January 29, 1902–
March 3, 1907
57
(continued)
Elected to finish Sewell's term

Withdrew from election contest to full term
58
59
20 Frank O. Briggs Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
60 21 Elected in 1906

Lost re-election
61
62
21 William Hughes Democratic March 4, 1913 –
January 30, 1918
63 22 Elected in 1912

Died
64
65
Vacant January 30, 1918 –
February 23, 1918
22 David Baird Republican February 23, 1918 –
March 3, 1919
65
(continued)
Appointed to continue Hughes's term
Elected to finish Hughes's term

Retired
23 Walter Evans Edge Republican March 4, 1919 –
November 21, 1929
66 23 Elected in 1918
67
68
69 24 Re-elected in 1924

Resigned to become U.S. Ambassador to France
70
71
Vacant November 21, 1929 –
November 30, 1929
24 David Baird, Jr. Republican November 30, 1929 –
December 2, 1930
Appointed to continue Edge's term

Retired when successor qualified
25 Dwight Morrow Republican December 3, 1930 –
October 5, 1931
71
(continued)
Elected to finish Edge's term
72 25 Elected to full term in 1930

Died
Vacant October 5, 1931 –
December 1, 1931
26 William Warren Barbour Republican December 1, 1931 –
January 3, 1937
72
(continued)
Appointed to continue Morrow's term
Elected to finish Morrow's term

Lost re-election
73
74
Vacant January 3, 1937 –
April 15, 1937
75 26
27 William H. Smathers Democratic April 15, 1937 –
January 3, 1943
75
(Continued)
Elected in 1936, but installed late,
remaining until then a member of the state Senate

76
77
28 Albert W. Hawkes Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
78 27 Elected in 1942

79
80
29 Robert C. Hendrickson Republican January 3, 1949 –
January 2, 1955
81 28 Elected in 1948

82
83
30 Clifford P. Case Republican January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1979
84 29 Elected in 1954
85
86
87 30 Re-elected in 1960
88
89
90 31 Re-elected in 1966
91
92
93 32 Re-elected in 1972

Lost primary
94
95
31 Bill Bradley Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1997
96 33 Elected in 1978
97
98
99 34 Re-elected in 1984
100
101
102 35 Re-elected in 1990

Retired
103
104
32 Robert Torricelli Democratic January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2003
105 36 Elected in 1996

Retired
106
107
33 Frank Lautenberg Democratic January 3, 2003 –
June 3, 2013
108 37 Elected in 2002
109
110
111 38 Re-elected in 2008

Died
112
113
Vacant June 3, 2013 –
June 6, 2013
34 Jeffrey Chiesa Republican June 6, 2013 –
October 31, 2013
Appointed to continue Lautenberg's term

Retired
35 Cory A. Booker Democratic October 31, 2013 –
Elected to finish Lautenberg's term
114 39 Elected to a full term in 2014
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

See also

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