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List of United States Senators from South Carolina

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Title: List of United States Senators from South Carolina  
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Subject: President pro tempore of the United States Senate, Tim Scott, List of United States Senators who were born or died in the 1960s, 31st United States Congress, United States Senate election in South Carolina, 1914
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List of United States Senators from South Carolina

South Carolina ratified the Constitution on May 23, 1788. Its Senate seats were declared vacant in July 1861 owing to its secession from the Union. They were again filled from July 1868.

Class 2

Class 2 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for two sessions of the U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 Pierce Butler Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
October 25, 1796
1 1 Elected in 1789
Anti-
Administration
2
3 2 Re-elected in 1793

Resigned
Democratic-
Republican
4
Vacant October 25, 1796 –
December 8, 1796
2 John Hunter Democratic-
Republican
December 8, 1796 –
November 26, 1798
4
(Continued)
Elected to finish Butler's term

Resigned
5
3 Charles Pinckney Democratic-
Republican
December 6, 1798 –
June 6, 1801
Elected to finish Hunter's term
6 3 Elected to full term in 1799

Resigned to become U.S. Minister to Spain
7
Vacant June 6, 1801 –
December 15, 1801
4 Thomas Sumter Democratic-
Republican
December 15, 1801 –
December 16, 1810
7
(Continued)
Elected to finish Pinckney's term
8
9 4 Re-elected in 1805

Resigned
10
11
Vacant December 16, 1810 –
December 31, 1810
5 John Taylor Democratic-
Republican
December 31, 1810 –
November 1816
11
(Continued)
Elected to finish Sumter's term
12 5 Elected in to full term in 1810

Resigned
13
14
Vacant November 1816 –
December 4, 1816
6 William Smith Democratic-
Republican
December 4, 1816 –
March 3, 1823
14
(Continued)
Elected to finish Taylor's term
15 6 Elected in to full term in 1816

Lost re-election
16
17
7 Robert Y. Hayne Jacksonian
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
December 13, 1832
18 7 Elected in 1822
Jacksonian 19
20
21 8 Re-elected in 1828

Resigned to become Governor of South Carolina
Nullifier 22
Vacant December 13, 1832 –
December 29, 1832
8 John C. Calhoun Nullifier December 29, 1832 –
March 3, 1843
22
(Continued)
Elected to finish Hayne's term
23
24 9 Re-elected in 1834
Democratic 25
26
27 10 Re-elected in 1840

Resigned
9 Daniel Elliott Huger Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28 Elected to finish Calhoun's term

Resigned
Vacant March 3, 1845 –
November 26, 1845
29
10 John C. Calhoun Democratic November 26, 1845 –
March 31, 1850
29
(Continued)
Re-elected to finish Huger's term
30 11 Re-elected in 1846

Died
31
Vacant March 31, 1850 –
April 11, 1850
11 Franklin H. Elmore Democratic April 11, 1850 –
May 29, 1850
Appointed to continue Calhoun's term

Died
Vacant May 29, 1850 –
June 4, 1850
12 Robert Woodward Barnwell Democratic June 4, 1850 –
December 8, 1850
Appointed to continue Elmore's term

Retired when successor elected
Vacant December 8, 1850 –
December 18, 1850
13 Robert Rhett Democratic December 18, 1850 –
May 7, 1852
31
(Continued)
Elected to finish Elmore's term

Resgined
32
Vacant May 7, 1852 –
May 10, 1852
14 William F. De Saussure Democratic May 10, 1852 –
March 3, 1853
32
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Rhett's term

Elected to finish Rhett's term

15 Josiah J. Evans Democratic March 4, 1853 –
May 6, 1858
33 12 Elected in 1852

Died
34
35
Vacant May 6, 1858 –
May 11, 1858
16 Arthur P. Hayne Democratic May 11, 1858 –
December 2, 1858
Appointed to continue Evans's term

Retired when successor elected
17 James Chesnut, Jr. Democratic December 3, 1858 –
November 10, 1860
35
(Continued)
Elected to finish Evans's term
36 13 Re-elected in 1858

Withdrew, and later expelled for his support of the Confederate States
Vacant November 10, 1860 –
July 15, 1868
Civil War and Reconstruction
37
38
39 14
40
18 Thomas J. Robertson Republican July 15, 1868 –
March 3, 1877
Elected to finish vacant term
41
42 15 Re-elected in 1870
43
44
19 Matthew Butler Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1895
45 16 Elected in 1876
46
47
48 17 Re-elected in 1882
49
50
51 18 Re-elected in 1888

Lost re-election
52
53
20 Benjamin Tillman Democratic March 4, 1895 –
July 3, 1918
54 19 Elected in 1894
55
56
57 20 Re-elected in 1900
58
59
60 21 Re-elected in 1906
61
62
63 22 Re-elected in 1912

Died
64
65
Vacant July 3, 1918 –
July 6, 1918
21 Christie Benet Democratic July 6, 1918 –
November 5, 1918
Appointed to continue Tillman's term

Lost election to finish Tillman's term
22 William P. Pollock Democratic November 6, 1918 –
March 3, 1919
65
(Continued)
Elected to finish Tillman's term

23 Nathaniel B. Dial Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1925
66 23 Elected in 1918

67
68
24 Coleman Livingston Blease Democratic March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
69 24 Elected in 1924

Lost renomination
70
71
25 James F. Byrnes Democratic March 4, 1931 –
July 8, 1941
72 25 Elected in 1930
73
74
75 26 Re-elected in 1936

Resigned
76
77
Vacant July 8, 1941 –
July 22, 1941
26 Alva M. Lumpkin Democratic July 22, 1941 –
August 1, 1941
Appointed to continue Byrnes's term

Died
27 Roger C. Peace Democratic August 5, 1941 –
November 4, 1941
Appointed to continue Byrne's term

Retired when successor elected
28 Burnet R. Maybank Democratic November 5, 1941 –
September 1, 1954
77
(Continued)
Elected to finish Byrnes's term
78 27 Re-elected in 1942
79
80
81 28 Re-elected in 1948

Died
82
83
Vacant September 1, 1954 –
September 6, 1954
29 Charles E. Daniel Democratic September 6, 1954 –
December 23, 1954
Appointed to finish Maybank's term

Resigned early to give successor preferential seniority
30 Strom Thurmond Democratic December 24, 1954 –
April 4, 1956
83
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Daniel's term, having been elected to the next term
84 29 Elected to full term in 1954

Resigned
31 Thomas A. Wofford Democratic April 5, 1956 –
November 6, 1956
Appointed to continue Thurmond's term

Retired
32 Strom Thurmond Democratic November 7, 1956 –
January 3, 2003
Elected to finish his own term
85
86
87 30 Re-elected in 1960
88
Republican 88
(Continued)
89
90 31 Re-elected in 1966
91
92
93 32 Re-elected in 1972
94
95
96 33 Re-elected in 1978
97
98
99 34 Re-elected in 1984
100
101
102 35 Re-elected in 1990
103
104
105 36 Re-elected in 1996

Retired
106
107
33 Lindsey Graham Republican January 3, 2003 –
Present
108 37 Elected in 2002
109
110
111 38 Re-elected in 2008
112
113
114 39 Re-elected in 2014
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

Class 3

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for three sessions of the U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2016.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 Ralph Izard Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1795
1 1 Elected in 1789

2
3
2 Jacob Read Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1801
4 2 Elected in 1795

Lost re-election
5
6
3 John E. Colhoun Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1801 –
October 26, 1802
7 3 Elected in 1800

Died
Vacant October 26, 1802 –
November 4, 1802
4 Pierce Butler Democratic-
Republican
November 4, 1802 –
November 21, 1804
7
(Continued)
Elected to finish Colhoun's term

Resgined
8
Vacant November 21, 1804 –
December 6, 1804
5 John Gaillard Democratic-
Republican
December 6, 1804 –
February 26, 1826
8
(Continued)
Elected in finish Butler's term
9
10 4 Re-elected in 1806
11
12
13 5 Re-elected in 1812
14
15
16 6 Re-elected in 1818
17
Crawford
Republican
18
Jacksonian 19 7 Re-elected in 1824

Died
Vacant February 26, 1826 –
March 8, 1826
6 William Harper Jacksonian March 8, 1826 –
November 29, 1826
7 William Smith Jacksonian November 29, 1826 –
March 3, 1831
19
(Continued)
20
21
8 Stephen Decatur Miller Nullifier March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
22 8 Elected in 1830
Resigned due to ill health
Vacant March 3, 1833 –
November 26, 1833
23
9 William C. Preston Nullifier November 26, 1833 –
November 29, 1842
23
(Continued)
Elected to finish Miller's term
24
Whig 25 9 Re-elected in 1836

26
27
Vacant November 29, 1842 –
December 23, 1842
10 George McDuffie Democratic December 23, 1842 –
August 17, 1846
27
(Continued)
Elected to finish Preston's term
28 10 Re-elected in 1842

29
Vacant August 17, 1846 –
December 4, 1846
11 Andrew Butler Democratic December 4, 1846 –
May 25, 1857
29
(Continued)
Appointed to continue McDuffie's term

Elected to finish McDuffie's term
30
31 11 Re-elected in 1848
32
33
34 12 Re-elected in 1854

Died
35
Vacant May 25, 1857 –
December 7, 1857
12 James Henry Hammond Democratic December 7, 1857 –
November 11, 1860
35
(Continued)
Elected to finish Butler's term

Withdrew
36
Vacant November 11, 1860 –
July 16, 1868
36
(Continued)
Civil War and Reconstruction
37 13
38
39
40 14
13 Frederick A. Sawyer Republican July 16, 1868 –
March 3, 1873
41
42
14 John J. Patterson Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
43 15 Elected in 1872

44
45
15 Wade Hampton III Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1891
46 16 Elected in 1878
47
48
49 17 Re-elected in 1884

50
51
16 John L. M. Irby Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1897
52 18 Elected in 1890

53
54
17 Joseph H. Earle Democratic March 4, 1897 –
May 20, 1897
55 19 Elected in 1896

Died
Vacant May 20, 1897 –
June 1, 1897
18 John L. McLaurin Democratic June 1, 1897 –
March 3, 1903
55
(Continued)
56
57
19 Asbury Latimer Democratic March 4, 1903 –
February 20, 1908
58 20 Elected in 1902

Died
59
60
Vacant February 20, 1908 –
March 6, 1908
20 Frank B. Gary Democratic March 6, 1908 –
March 3, 1909
21 Ellison D. Smith Democratic March 4, 1909 –
November 17, 1944
61 21 Elected in 1908
62
63
64 22 Re-elected in 1914
65
66
67 23 Re-elected in 1920
68
69
70 24 Re-elected in 1926
71
72
73 25 Re-elected in 1932
74
75
76 26 Re-elected in 1938
Lost renomination, and then died
77
78
Vacant November 17, 1944 –
November 20, 1944
78
(Continued)
22 Wilton E. Hall Democratic November 20, 1944 –
January 3, 1945
Appointed to complete Smith's term
23 Olin D. Johnston Democratic January 3, 1945 –
April 18, 1965
79 27 Elected in 1944
80
81
82 28 Re-elected in 1950
83
84
85 29 Re-elected in 1956
86
87
88 30 Re-elected in 1962

Died
89
Vacant April 18, 1965 –
April 22, 1965
24 Donald S. Russell Democratic April 22, 1965 –
November 8, 1966
Appointed to continue Johnston's term

Lost nomination to finish Johnston's term
25 Ernest Hollings Democratic November 9, 1966 –
January 3, 2005
89
(Continued)
Elected to finish Johnston's term
90
91 31 Re-elected in 1968
92
93
94 32 Re-elected in 1974
95
96
97 33 Re-elected in 1980
98
99
100 34 Re-elected in 1986
101
102
103 35 Re-elected in 1992
104
105
106 36 Re-elected in 1998

Retired
107
108
26 James W. DeMint Republican January 3, 2005 –
January 1, 2013
109 37 Elected in 2004
110
111
112 38 Re-elected in 2010

Resigned to head The Heritage Foundation
27 Tim Scott Republican January 2, 2013 –
Present
112
(Continued)
Appointed to continue DeMint's term
113
114
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

See also

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