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List of United States Senators in the 78th Congress by seniority

This is a classification of United States Senators by seniority during the 78th Congress, from January 3, 1943 to January 3, 1945.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3][4]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1944 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Name Seniority Date Other Factors
1 Ellison D. Smith (D-SC) [5] March 4, 1909
2 Kenneth McKellar (D-TN) March 4, 1917
3 Hiram W. Johnson (R-CA) March 16, 1917
4 Charles L. McNary (R-OR) [6] December 18, 1918
5 Arthur Capper (R-KS) March 4, 1919
6 Carter Glass (D-VA) February 2, 1920
7 Walter F. George (D-GA) November 22, 1922
8 Henrik Shipstead (R-MN) March 4, 1923 Minnesota 17th Population (1920)
9 Burton K. Wheeler (D-MT) Montana 39th Population (1920)
10 Robert M. La Follette, Jr. (Prog-WI) September 30, 1925
11 Gerald P. Nye (R-ND) [7] November 14, 1925
12 David I. Walsh (D-MA) December 6, 1926
13 Carl Hayden (D-AZ) March 4, 1927 Former Rep (15 years)
14 Alben W. Barkley (D-KY) Former Rep (14 years)
15 Elmer Thomas (D-OK) Former Rep (4 years), Oklahoma 21st Population (1920)
16 Millard Tydings (D-MD) Former Rep (4 years), Maryland 28th Population (1920)
17 Robert F. Wagner (D-NY)
18 Arthur H. Vandenberg (R-MI) March 31, 1928
19 Tom Connally (D-TX) March 4, 1929
20 James J. Davis (R-PA) [7] December 2, 1930
21 Wallace H. White, Jr. (R-ME) March 4, 1931 Former Rep
22 Josiah W. Bailey (D-NC) North Carolina 12th Population (1930)
23 John H. Bankhead (D-AL) Alabama 15th Population (1930)
24 Warren Austin (R-VT) April 1, 1931
25 Hattie Caraway (D-AR) [7] November 13, 1931
26 Robert R. Reynolds (D-NC) [7] December 5, 1932
27 Richard Russell, Jr. (D-GA) January 12, 1933
28 Bennett Champ Clark (D-MO) [7] February 4, 1933
29 John H. Overton (D-LA) March 4, 1933 Former Rep
30 Harry F. Byrd (D-VA) Former Governor
31 Frederick Van Nuys (D-IN) [8] Indiana 11th Population (1930)
32 Homer T. Bone (D-WA) [9] Washington 30th Population (1930)
33 Elbert D. Thomas (D-UT) Utah 40th Population (1930)
34 Pat McCarran (D-NV) Nevada 48th Population (1930)
35 Carl A. Hatch (D-NM) October 10, 1933
36 Joseph C. O'Mahoney (D-WY) January 1, 1934
37 James E. Murray (D-MT) November 7, 1934
38 Peter G. Gerry (D-RI) January 3, 1935 Previously a Senator
39 George L. P. Radcliffe (D-MD) Former Rep
40 Theodore G. Bilbo (D-MS) Former Governor
41 Joseph F. Guffey (D-PA) Pennsylvania 2nd Population (1930)
42 Harry S. Truman (D-MO) Missouri 10th Population (1930)
43 Francis T. Maloney (D-CT) Connecticut 29th Population (1930)
44 Dennis Chavez (D-NM) May 11, 1935
45 Guy M. Gillette (D-IA) [7] November 4, 1936 Former Rep
46 Charles O. Andrews (D-FL)
47 Claude Pepper (D-FL)
48 Edwin C. Johnson (R-CO) January 3, 1937 Former Governor, Colorado 33rd Population (1930)
49 Theodore F. Green (D-RI) Former Governor, Rhode Island 37th Population (1930)
50 Styles Bridges (R-NH) Former Governor, New Hampshire 41st Population (1930)
51 Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (R-MA) [10] Massachusetts 8th Population (1930)
52 Allen J. Ellender (D-LA) Louisiana 22nd Population (1930)
53 Joseph L. Hill (D-AL) January 11, 1938
54 William W. Barbour (R-NJ) [11] November 9, 1938
55 James M. Mead (D-NY) December 3, 1938
56 Scott W. Lucas (D-IL) January 3, 1939 Former Rep (4 years), Illinois 3rd Population (1930)
57 D. Worth Clark (D-ID) Former Rep (4 years), Idaho 42nd Population (1930)
58 Charles W. Tobey (R-NH) Former Rep (2 years), Former Governor
59 Clyde M. Reed (R-KS) Former Governor
60 Robert A. Taft (R-OH) Ohio 4th Population (1930)
61 Sheridan Downey (D-CA) California 6th Population (1930)
62 Alexander Wiley (R-WI) Wisconsin 13th Population (1930)
63 John A. Danaher (R-CT) [7] Connecticut 29th Population (1930)
64 Rufus C. Holman (R-OR) [7] Oregon 34th Population (1930)
65 J. Chandler Gurney (R-SD) South Dakota 36th Population (1930)
66 Tom Stewart (D-TN) January 16, 1939
67 Albert B. Chandler (D-KY) October 9, 1939
68 John W. Thomas (R-ID) January 27, 1940
69 C. Wayland Brooks (R-IL) November 22, 1940
70 Monrad C. Wallgren (D-WA) December 19, 1940
71 Abe Murdock (D-UT) January 3, 1941 Former Rep (8 years)
72 Ralph O. Brewster (R-ME) Former Rep (6 years), Former Governor
73 William Langer (R-ND) Former Governor
74 Harold H. Burton (R-OH) Ohio 4th Population (1940)
75 Raymond E. Willis (R-IN) Indiana 12th Population (1940)
76 Harley M. Kilgore (D-WV) West Virginia 24th Population (1940)
77 Hugh A. Butler (R-NE) Nebraska 32nd Population (1940)
78 Ernest McFarland (D-AZ) Arizona 43rd Population (1940)
79 James M. Tunnell (D-DE) Delaware 47th Population (1940)
80 George Aiken (R-VT) January 10, 1941
81 W. Lee O'Daniel (D-TX) August 4, 1941
82 Burnet R. Maybank (D-SC) November 5, 1941
83 Eugene D. Millikin (R-CO) December 20, 1941
84 James G. Scrugham (D-NV) December 7, 1942
85 James O. Eastland (D-MS) January 3, 1943 Former Senator
86 Harlan J. Bushfield (R-SD) Former Governor, South Dakota 37th Population (1940)
87 C. Douglass Buck (R-DE) Former Governor, Delaware 47th Population (1940)
88 Homer Ferguson (R-MI) Michigan 7th Population (1940)
89 Albert W. Hawkes (R-NJ) New Jersey 9th Population (1940)
90 Joseph H. Ball (R-MN) Minnesota 18th Population (1940)
91 Edward H. Moore (R-OK) Oklahoma 22nd Population (1940)
92 W. Chapman Revercomb (R-WV) West Virginia 24th Population (1940)
93 John L. McClellan (D-AR) Arkansas 25th Population (1940)
94 Kenneth S. Wherry (R-NE) Nebraska 32nd Population (1940)
95 Edward V. Robertson (R-WY) Wyoming 46th Population (1940)
96 George A. Wilson (R-IA) January 14, 1943
Arthur Walsh (D-NJ) [12] November 26, 1943
Samuel D. Jackson (D-IN) [13] January 15, 1944
Sinclair Weeks (R-MA) [7] February 8, 1944
Guy Cordon (R-OR) March 4, 1944
William E. Jenner (R-IN) [7] November 19, 1944
Wilton E. Hall (D-SC) [7] November 20, 1944
H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ) December 7, 1944
Warren Magnuson (D-WA) December 14, 1944

Notes

  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1921 U.S Census Report Contains 1920 Census results
  3. ^ 1931 U.S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results
  4. ^ 1941 U.S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results
  5. ^ Senator Smith died on November 17, 1944
  6. ^ Senator McNary died on February 25, 1944
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Retired or defeated after 1944 Election.
  8. ^ Senator Van Nuys died on January 25, 1944
  9. ^ Senator Bone resigned on November 13, 1944
  10. ^ Senator Lodge resigned on February 3, 1944
  11. ^ Senator Barbour died on November 22, 1943
  12. ^ Senator Walsh resigned on December 7, 1944
  13. ^ Senator Jackson resigned on November 13, 1944

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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