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List of active separatist movements in Africa

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Title: List of active separatist movements in Africa  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Intersindical Canaria, Gatekeeper state, List of active separatist movements in Europe
Collection: Africa-Related Lists, Disputed Territories in Africa, Secessionist Organizations, Society-Related Lists
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List of active separatist movements in Africa

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Africa. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with living, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and do not come from another country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:


  • Algeria 1
  • Angola 2
  • British Overseas Territories 3
  • Cameroon 4
  • Central African Republic 5
  • Comoros 6
  • Congo 7
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo 8
  • Egypt 9
  • Equatorial Guinea 10
  • Ethiopia 11
  • France 12
  • Ivory Coast 13
  • Kenya 14
  • Libya 15
  • Mali 16
  • Mauritius 17
  • Malawi 18
  • Morocco 19
  • Namibia 20
  • Niger 21
  • Nigeria 22
  • Rwanda 23
  • Senegal 24
  • Somalia 25
  • South Africa 26
  • South Sudan 27
  • Sudan 28
  • Tanzania 29
  • Uganda 30
  • Zambia 31
  • Zimbabwe 32
  • See also 33
  • References 34





British Overseas Territories

Chagos Islands (currently British Indian Ocean Territory)

(The Chagossians wish to have the right of return to the Chagos Islands - they were evicted from the islands between 1967 and 1973 in order to make way for a British Army and US Army base)


Bakassi Peninsula

Organization of Emerging African States)

Central African Republic




Democratic Republic of the Congo



Bir Tawil

  • Ethnic group: Ababda
    • Proposed state: Republic of Ababda
    • Status: Technically independent as both Bir Tawil.


Equatorial Guinea




Secessionist movements
  • Political party: Lorganizasion Popilèr po Libèr nout Péi (Lplp) – Popular Front for National Liberation: composed of Nasion Rénioné, Mar, Drapo rouz, Patriot rénioné and Mir.
  • Political party: Marxist–Leninist Communist Organisation of Réunion
  • Mayotte continues to have autonomist movements despite the island having voted to become France's 101st department in 2011.[19]

Ivory Coast










De facto states:

Western Sahara

Purposed states:


  • Ethnic group: Riffian
    • Purposed state: Rif
    • Political party: RIM
    • Militant organisation(s) : RIM
  • [28]








Niger Delta



Boko Haram islamists






South Africa

Boere-Afrikaners nation's

Cape Party

South Sudan



Beja Nation



  • Ethnic group: Nubian[16][17]
    • Proposed state: Republic of Nubia



  • Ethnic group: Swahili
    • Proposed state:  Zanzibar
    • Political party: Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization)







See also


  1. ^ Adam Shatz (2003-06-08). "The other intifada" (PDF)., republished article from Boston Globe. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  2. ^ Anavad. "www.". Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda". Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  4. ^ Gilbert da Costa (2006-07-07). "Bakassi Region Residents Protest Handover of Region to Cameroon". Voice of America. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  5. ^ Ndi Eugene Ndi. "News Watch Cameroon". Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Southern Cameroons National Council plans street protests to have activists freed". The Post News. 2005-11-27. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  7. ^ Chris Roth. "Springtime of Nations". Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "MPA - Mouvement Populaire Anjouanais". MweziNet. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  9. ^ "World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Comoros : Overview". UNHCR. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  10. ^ "ETAT DU SUD CONGO". ETAT DU SUD CONGO. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "(Congo-Brazzaville) Etat du Sud-Congo : drapeau, devise, armoiries et limites géographiques". Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "SPECIAL INQUIRY INTO THE BAS CONGO EVENTS OF FEBRUARY AND MARCH 2008" (PDF). Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. May 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  13. ^ "2008 Human Rights Report: Democratic Republic of the Congo". US Department of State. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  14. ^ Iain Dalton (2008-11-19). "Democratic republic of Congo: Civil war erupts once again". The Socialist (UK). Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  15. ^ Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 472.  
  16. ^ a b "Today’s papers: Al Qaeda’s hoax, Nubian separatism - Egypt Independent". Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  17. ^ a b
  18. ^ "CASE N° GEQ/07 - MARCELO LOHOSO - EQUATORIAL GUINEA". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  19. ^
  20. ^ "Background Note: Cote d'Ivoire". US Department of State. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  21. ^
  22. ^ Luc Torres. "The separatist map of Africa: interactive". the Guardian. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  23. ^ In Fula: Fulɓe; in French: Peul
  24. ^ "Cri de Liberté". Mathaba News Network. 2008-04-21. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  25. ^ Chris Roth. "Springtime of Nations". Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  26. ^ White Gypsies: Race and Stardom in Spanish Musical Films - Eva Woods Peiró. p. 46.
  27. ^ What the Arabs think - William Roe Polk. p. 52.
  28. ^ a b The Rif Independence Movement Joins OEAS
  29. ^ "Caprivi Liberation Front". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  30. ^ Forrest, Joshua B. (2003). Subnationalism in Africa: Ethnicity, Alliances, and Politics. Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 188.  
  31. ^ Biafraland
  32. ^ "Mouvement des Forces Démocratiques du le Casamance (MFDC)". Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  33. ^ "'Ek is wit en trots daarop'". Mail & Guardian. 2008-10-12. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  34. ^ "Land Claim for Restitution of Stellaland Boer Republic". Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  35. ^ "Accept Thembuland - king's lawyer". News24. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  36. ^ "Assessment for Lozi in Zambia". Minorities at Risk. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  37. ^ "Bulawayo24 NEWS -". Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  38. ^ "Matabeleland Freedom Party". Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
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