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List of cities in the United Kingdom

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Title: List of cities in the United Kingdom  
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List of cities in the United Kingdom

This is a list of cities in the United Kingdom, as of 2013. It lists those places that have been granted city status by letters patent or royal charter. In some cases, the area holding city status does not coincide with the built up area or conurbation of which it forms part. In the case of Greater London, for example, only the City of London and City of Westminster hold city status. In other cases, the status can extend to include a number of towns and rural areas within the local government district containing the main settlement after which it is named. Examples include the City of Canterbury and City of Lancaster.[1]

The column headed Cathedral shows the applicable cathedrals that were the grounds for the granting of city status in the case of cities recognised prior to 1888 (i.e., cathedrals of the Church of England, including cathedrals that are now part of the Church in Wales or pre-Reformation cathedrals in the Church of Scotland). Certain cities also have Roman Catholic cathedrals, but these are not listed.

As from 1888, the presence of a cathedral ceased to be a relevant factor in granting city status and all entries after this date are, therefore, marked not applicable. Cathedrals erected in cities since 1888 are Birmingham Cathedral, Bradford Cathedral, Derby Cathedral, Leicester Cathedral, Newport Cathedral, Portsmouth Cathedral and Sheffield Cathedral, while Llandaff Cathedral was included within the boundaries of the city of Cardiff in 1922. In Ireland, possession of a diocesan cathedral has never (except in the anomalous case of Armagh) been sufficient to attain city status.

There are currently a total of 69 official cities in the United Kingdom (51 in England, 5 in Northern Ireland, 7 in Scotland and 6 in Wales).[2]

There are a number of cities in the British Overseas Territories, such as Jamestown;[3] these are however not part of the United Kingdom.

England

City[2] Year granted city status Cathedral (pre-1888) City council Image Population
Bath time immemorial Bath Abbey Charter trustees 83,992 Urban area (2010 estimate): 97,311[4]
Birmingham 1889 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
1,092,330 (2013)[5]
Bradford 1897 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
522,452 (2011)[6]
Brighton & Hove 2000 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
273,369 (2011)[6]
Bristol 1542 Bristol Cathedral Local government district
(Unitary and county)
428,234 (2011)[6]
Cambridge 1951 not applicable Local government district 123,867 (2011)[6]
Canterbury time immemorial Canterbury Cathedral Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
151,145 (2011)[6]
Carlisle 1158 Carlisle Cathedral Local government district 107,524 (2011)[6]
Chelmsford 2012 not applicable Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
168,310 (2011)[6]
Chester 1541 Chester Cathedral Charter trustees 90,925 Urban area (2010 estimate): 91,733[4]
Chichester time immemorial Chichester Cathedral Civil parish 25,749 (2010)[7]
Coventry time immemorial Coventry Cathedral Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
316,915 (2011)[6]
Derby 1977 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
248,752 (2011)[6]
Durham time immemorial Durham Cathedral Charter trustees 94,375 (2011)[8]
Ely time immemorial Ely Cathedral Civil parish 20,240 (2010)[7]
Exeter time immemorial Exeter Cathedral Local government district 117,773 (2011)[6]
Gloucester 1541 Gloucester Cathedral Local government district 121,688 (2011)[6]
Hereford time immemorial Hereford Cathedral Civil parish 58,896 (2011)[9]
Kingston upon Hull 1897 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
256,406 (2011)[6]
Lancaster 1937 not applicable Local government district 138,375 (2011)[6]
Leeds 1893 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
751,485 (2011)[6]
Leicester 1919 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
329,839 (2011)[6]
Lichfield time immemorial Lichfield Cathedral Civil parish 31,068 (2010)[7]
Lincoln time immemorial Lincoln Cathedral Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
93,541 (2011)[6]
Liverpool 1880 Liverpool Cathedral (1880) Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
466,415 (2011)[6]
City of London time immemorial St Paul's Cathedral Local government district 7,375 (2011)[6]
Manchester 1853 Manchester Cathedral (1847) Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
503,127 (2011)[6]
Newcastle upon Tyne 1882 Newcastle Cathedral (1882) Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
280,177 (2011)[6]
Norwich time immemorial Norwich Cathedral Local government district 132,512 (2011)[6]
Nottingham 1897 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
305,680 (2011)[6]
Oxford 1542 Christ Church Cathedral Local government district 151,906 (2011)[6]
Peterborough 1541 Peterborough Cathedral Local government district
(Unitary)
183,631 (2011)[6]
Plymouth 1928 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
256,384 (2011)[6]
Portsmouth 1926 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
205,056 (2011)[6]
Preston 2002 not applicable Local government district 140,202 (2011)[6]
Ripon 1836 Ripon Cathedral (1836) Civil parish 17,193 (2010)[7]
Salford 1926 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
233,933 (2011)[6]
Salisbury

(formally known as New Sarum until 2009)

1227 Salisbury Cathedral Civil parish 39,896 (2010)[7]
Sheffield 1893 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
552,698 (2011)[6]
Southampton 1964 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
236,882 (2011)[6]
St Albans 1877 St Albans Cathedral (1876) Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
140,644 (2011)[6]
Stoke-on-Trent 1925 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
249,008 (2011)[6]
Sunderland 1992 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
275,506 (2011)[6]
Truro 1877 Truro Cathedral (1877) Civil parish 19,382 (2010)[7]
Wakefield 1888 Wakefield Cathedral (1888) Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
325,837 (2011)[6]
Wells 1205 Wells Cathedral Civil parish 10,491 (2010)[7]
City of Westminster 1540 Westminster Abbey Local government district
(London borough)
219,396 (2011)[6]
Winchester time immemorial Winchester Cathedral Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
116,595 (2011)[6]
Wolverhampton 2000 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
249,470 (2011)[6]
Worcester time immemorial Worcester Cathedral Local government district 98,768 (2011)[6]
York time immemorial York Minster Local government district
(Unitary)
198,051 (2011)[6]

Scotland

City Year granted
city status
Cathedral
(pre-1888)
City council Image Population
Aberdeen
(Scots: Aiberdeen)
(Scottish Gaelic: Obar Dheathain)
city status confirmed 1891
(royal burgh 1179)
St Machar's Cathedral Local government district 189,120
Dundee
(Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Dèagh)
1889
(royal burgh 1191)
not applicable Local government district 153,990
Edinburgh
(Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Èideann)
accepted as city by ancient usage by the eighteenth century
and confirmed in subsequent local government legislation[10]
(royal burgh 1329)
St. Giles' Cathedral Local government district 468,720
Glasgow
(Scots: Glesga)
(Scottish Gaelic: Glaschu)
accepted as city by ancient usage by the eighteenth century
and confirmed in subsequent local government legislation[10]
(royal burgh 1492)
St. Mungo's Cathedral Local government district 589,900
Inverness
(Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Nis)
2000 not applicable none 57,960[11]
Perth
(Scots: Pairth)
(Scottish Gaelic: Peairt)
2012[12]
(city status had previously been held by the Royal Burgh of Perth, created in the twelfth century and abolished in 1975.[13])
not applicable none 45,770
Stirling
(Scots: Stirlin)
(Scottish Gaelic: Sruighlea)
2002 not applicable none 34,790

Wales

City Year granted
city status
Cathedral
(pre-1888)
City council Image Population
Bangor time immemorial Bangor Cathedral Community 14,875 (2010)[7]
Cardiff
(Welsh: Caerdydd)
1905 not applicable Local government district 346,090 (2011)[6]
Newport
(Casnewydd)
2002 not applicable Local government district 145,736 (2011)[6]
St Asaph
(Llanelwy)
2012 not applicable Community 3,444 (2010)[7]
St David's
(Tyddewi)
1994 not applicable Community 1,661 (2010)[7]
Swansea
(Abertawe)
1969 not applicable Local government district 239,023 (2011)[6]

Northern Ireland

City Year granted city status City council Image Population
Armagh
(Irish: Ard Mhacha)
(Ulster-Scots: Airmagh)
1994 Local government district 59,340 (2011)[14]
Belfast
(Irish: Béal Feirste)
(Ulster-Scots: Bilfawst)
1888 Local government district 280,962 (2011)[14]
Derry
(Irish: Doire / Doire Cholmchille)
(Ulster-Scots:
Derrie / Lunnonderrie)
1604[15] Local government district 107,877 (2011)[14]
Lisburn
(Irish: Lios na gCearrbhach)
2002 Local government district 120,165 (2011)[14]
Newry
(Irish: Iúr Cinn Trá)
(Ulster-Scots: Newrie)
2002 none 27,433

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ Beckett, John (2005). City Status in the British Isles: 1830 - 2002. Ashgate Publishing.  
  2. ^ a b Government list
  3. ^ The St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Constitution Order 2009 "...and declared Jamestown to be a city called the “City of James Town”" (Schedule Preamble)
  4. ^ a b The population of these unparished areas was not published in the results of the 2011 census. "Mid 2010 Urban Area Estimates England and Wales".  
  5. ^ "UK Population Estimates". [Office for National Statistics|ONS]. Retrieved 28 June 2014
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap "2011 Census: KS101EW Usual resident population, local authorities in England and Wales".  
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Civil Parish population estimates in England and Wales, mid-2010".  
  8. ^ City status extends to the area of the former  
  9. ^ "2011 Census: Usual resident population estimates by broad age group for Wards & Market Towns in Herefordshire". Herefordshire Council. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  10. ^ a b Beckett, J. V. (2005). City status in the British Isles, 1830-2002. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 16–17. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  11. ^ From NRS 2010 mid-year estimates, population of Inverness including Culloden - "Highland Profile". Highland Council. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  12. ^ Letters Patent dated 21 May 2012 "News: The National Records of Scotland seals Perth's city status".  
  13. ^ The term "civitas" or "city" had been used in early charters of the Royal Burgh of Perth. The royal burgh had been created at some date in the King David I (1124-53) and the earliest surviving charter dates from 1209 or 1210. A A M Duncan (24 March 1973). "Perth. The First Century of the Burgh". Transactions of the Perthshire Society of Natural Science.  J V Beckett (2005). City Status in the British Isles, 1830-2002. Ashgate. pp. 16–17.  
  14. ^ a b c d "Usual Resident Population: KS101NI (administrative geographies)". Census 2011. Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  15. ^ , Derry City Council press release dated 7 July 2004, (accessed 15 December 2007)City commemorates the 400th Anniversary of the City’s first charter
  16. ^ "Local Government (Structural Changes) (Miscellaneous Amendments and Other Provision) Order 2009". Tow.  
  17. ^ "New Parish Council for the City of Salisbury". Towards One Council. Wiltshire County Council. Retrieved 27 February 2009. 
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46255. p. 4400. 4 April 1974. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46303. pp. 6485–6486. 28 June 1974. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46334. p. 7419. 31 May 1974. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46352. p. 7920. 24 September 1974. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  22. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 54363. p. 4925. 4 April 1996. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  23. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46522. p. 3729. 20 March 1975. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  24. ^ The London Gazette: no. 47246. p. 7656. 14 June 1977. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  25. ^ The London Gazette: no. 56573. p. 6160. 21 May 2002. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  26. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 56109. p. 1431. 2 May 2001. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  27. ^ The London Gazette: no. 48364. p. 15451. 7 November 1980. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  28. ^ Lichfield City Council website
  29. ^ The London Gazette: no. 52874. p. 5413. 26 March 1992. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  30. ^ Charters of Hereford City Council
  31. ^ (1849), accessdate=2008-05-15A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, from Dale - St. David'sSamuel Lewis (ed.),
  32. ^ Municipal Corporations Act 1883 (c.19), S.3 and Sch II, part I
  33. ^ The London Gazette: no. 53798. p. 13403. 23 September 1994. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  34. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27242. p. 6613. 30 October 1900. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  35. ^ The Times: Leicester, a City: Sequel to the Recent Royal Visit, 17 June 1919
  36. ^ , (Leicester City Council), accessed 14 February 2008Civic history: The making of a City
  37. ^ by Daniel WilliamsLeicester: The Dignity of a City 655–1926, Leicester's city status, its loss and its regaining over thirteen centuries
  38. ^ The London Gazette: no. 44986. p. 12450. 12 December 1969. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  39. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33154. pp. 2776–2777. 23 April 1926. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  40. ^ London Gazette, issue no.39201, 13 April 1951
  41. ^ London Gazette, issue no.34400, 21 May 1937
  42. ^ London Gazette, issue no.33433, 26 October 1928
  43. ^ London Gazette, issue no.33063, 3 July 1925
  44. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27849. p. 7249. 31 October 1905. Retrieved 22 April 2008.
  45. ^ London Gazette, 29 January 1889
  46. ^ From the London Gazette, January 18, 1889, The Times, 19 January 1889
  47. ^ London Gazette Issue 21426, p.950, 1 April 1853
  48. ^ The London Gazette: no. 59250. p. 20329. 24 November 2009.
  49. ^ "Civic History Its Charters and Silver". The Guildhall Salisbury. Salisbury City Council. 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2009. 
  50. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24502. p. 5185. 11 September 1877. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
  51. ^ The London Gazette: no. 60167. p. 11125. 11 June 2012.
  52. ^ "Mid-2010 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". General Register Office for Scotland. General Register Office for Scotland. 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 

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