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List of countries by population in 1900

 

List of countries by population in 1900

This is a list of countries by population in 1900. Estimate numbers are from the beginning of the year and exact population figures are for countries that were having a census in the year 1900 which were on various dates.

Rank Country/Territory Population c. 1900 estimate[1]
-   World 1,700,000,000
- Entente cordiale 462,577,384
1  Qing Empire 415,001,488
-  British Empire 383,811,684
2  Indian Empire[1] (UK) 271,306,000
-  Russian Empire Includes Finland and Poland 136,305,900
- German and Austrian Alliance 118,595,465
- United States and Possessions 86,830,167
- French Colonial Empire 78,765,700
3  United States[2] 75,994,575
4  Russia (Russia Proper only) 67,500,000
- German colonial empire 67,239,000
5  Germany 56,000,000
6  Austria-Hungary 51,356,465
- Dutch Empire 51,246,000
7  Dutch East Indies[3] (Netherlands) 45,500,000
8  Empire of Japan 42,000,000
9  United Kingdom |Including Ireland 38,000,000
10 France 38,000,000
- Italian Empire 32,620,000
11  Italy 32,000,000
12  Ottoman Empire[4] 30,860,000
13 Spain 20,750,000
14  Brazil 17,000,000
- Portuguese Empire 12,434,000
15  Mexico 12,050,000
16  Korean Empire 12,000,000
17 Burma (UK/Indian Empire) 9,606,000
18 Northern Nigeria (UK) 8,500,000
19  Egypt (UK) 8,000,000
19  Morocco 8,000,000[2][3]
20 Philippines (United States) 8,000,000
21 Southern Nigeria (UK) 7,500,000
22 Siam 7,200,000
23 Persia 7,000,000
24  Romania 6,630,000
25  Belgium 6,136,000
26 Annam (France) 6,000,000
27 Tongking (France) 6,000,000
28  Argentina 5,800,000
29 Portugal 5,758,000
30  Netherlands 5,616,000
31  Canada 5,500,000
32  Sweden 5,140,000
33  Afghanistan 5,000,000
34 Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (UK/Egypt) 4,800,000
35    Nepal 4,789,000
36  Colombia 4,604,000
37 Arabia [5] 4,218,000
38  Tibet 4,200,000
40  Abyssinia 4,000,000
41 Algeria (France) 4,000,000
42  Australia (UK) 4,000,000
43 Ceylon (UK) 3,700,000
44  Peru 3,700,000
45   Switzerland 3,525,300
46 Cameroon (Germany) 3,500,000
47 German East Africa (Germany) 3,500,000
48 Ireland (UK) 3,220,000
49 Cochin-China (France) 3,200,000
50 Bulgaria 3,154,000
51  Chile 2,867,000
52 Greece 2,800,000
53 Sudan (France) 2,800,000
54  Gold Coast (UK) 2,800,000
55  Venezuela 2,741,000
56 Madagascar (France) 2,706,700
57 Ruanda-Urundi (Germany) 2,700,000
58 Finland (Russia) 2,655,900
59  Serbia 2,650,000
60 Portuguese East Africa (Portugal) 2,600,000
61 Cape Colony (UK) 2,500,000
62 Portuguese West Africa (Portugal) 2,400,000
63 Upper Volta (France) 2,375,000
64 Norway[6] 2,240,000
65  Denmark 2,182,000
66 Tunis (France) 1,890,000
67  Uganda (UK) 1,800,000
68  Kenya (UK) 1,700,000
69 French Guinea (France) 1,600,000
70 Niger (France) 1,570,000
71  Cambodia (France) 1,500,000
72 Cuba (United States) 1,500,000
73  Bolivia 1,500,000
74  South African Republic 1,400,000
75  Ecuador 1,271,000
76 Bukhara (Russia) 1,250,000
77 Senegal (France) 1,230,000
78 Natal (UK) 1,200,000
79  El Salvador 1,116,300
80 Porto Rico (United States) 1,100,000
81  Guatemala 1,046,000
82  Uruguay 1,026,000
83 Sierra Leone (UK) 1,000,000
84  New Zealand (UK) 967,000
85 Ivory Coast (France) 950,000
86 Togoland (Germany) 920,000
87 Malaya (UK) 900,000
88 Nyasaland (UK) 850,000
89  Jamaica (UK) 820,000
90 Chad (France) 810,000
91  Northern Rhodesia (UK) 770,000
92  Southern Rhodesia (UK) 734,000
93  Paraguay 715,000
94  Liberia 664,000
95 Oubangui-Chari (France) 630,000
96  Dominican Republic 610,000
97 Dahomey (France) 570,000
98  Straits Settlements (UK) 550,000
99 Laos (France) 550,000
100 Mauretania (France) 540,000
101  Nicaragua 515,000
102 Spanish Honduras 505,000
103 Muscat and Oman 500,000
104 Sarawak (UK) 500,000
105 Portuguese India (Portugal) 475,000
106 Italian Somaliland (Italy) 400,000
107 Khiva (Russia) 400,000
108 Orange Free State 400,000
109 Territory of Papua (UK, de facto Australia) 400,000
110 Basutoland (UK) 383,000
111 Mauritius (UK) 375,000
113  Costa Rica 341,600
114  Hong Kong (UK) 325,000
115 Montenegro 320,000
116 Trinidad and Tobago (UK) 320,000
117 Crete (Ottoman Empire) 310,000
118  North Borneo (UK) 300,000
119  British Guiana (UK) 300,000
120 British Somaliland (UK) 300,000
121 Portuguese Timor (Portugal) 300,000
122  Bhutan (UK/Indian Empire) 280,000
123 French India (France) 280,000
124 French Congo (France) 280,000
125 Azores (Portugal) 260,000
126  Luxembourg 252,000
127 Zanzibar (UK) 250,000
128 Cyprus (UK) 240,000
129 Gabon (France) 240,000
130  Newfoundland (UK) 230,000
131 Eritrea (Italy) 220,000
132 German South-West Africa (Germany) 210,000
133 Guinea (Portugal) 200,000
134  Malta (UK) 195,000
135 Guadeloupe (France) 190,000
136 German New Guinea (Germany) 188,000
137 Kwang-Chou-Wan (France) 185,000
138 Martinique (France) 185,000
139  Barbados (UK) 182,000
- Equatorial Guinea (or Rio Muni) plus the islands (Spain) 178,000
140 Réunion (France) 178,000
141 Gambia (UK) 165,000
142 Madeira (Portugal) 160,000
143  Hawaii (United States) 154,000
144 Spanish Guinea (or Rio Muni) (Spain) 150,000
145 Cape Verde (Portugal) 140,000
146 British Solomon Islands (UK) 135,000
147  Fiji (UK) 125,000
148 Comoros (France) 112,000
149 Bechuanaland (UK) 90,000
150 Swaziland (UK) 90,000
151 Surinam (Netherlands) 86,000
152  Iceland (Denmark) 82,000
153 Macau (Portugal) 80,000
154 Bahrain (UK) 70,000
155 Grenada (UK) 70,000
156 Trucial Oman (UK) 70,000
157 Alaska (United States) 63,592
158 São Tomé and Príncipe (Portugal) 61,000
159 Kiaochow (Germany) 60,000
160 Sikkim (UK/Indian Empire) 60,000
161  Isle of Man (UK) 57,000
162 Maldives (UK) 56,000
163 Bahamas (UK) 55,000
164  Jersey (UK) 54,000
165 New Caledonia (France) 54,000
166 French Somaliland (France) 50,000
167 German Solomon Islands (Germany) 50,000
168 New Hebrides (UK and France) 50,000
169 Saint Lucia (UK) 50,000
170 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (UK) 49,000
171 Aden Protectorate (UK) 45,000
172  British Honduras (UK) 45,000
173 Saint Kitts (with Nevis) (UK) 45,000
174 Netherlands Antilles (Netherlands) 44,000
175  Guernsey (UK) 42,000
176 Kuwait (UK) 40,000
177 Rio de Oro (Spain) 40,000
178 German Samoa (Germany) 37,000
179 Caroline Islands (Germany) 36,000
180 Antigua (with Barbuda and Redonda) (UK) 35,000
181 Dominica (UK) 32,000
182 Gilbert Islands (UK) 30,000
183 French Polynesia (France) 30,000
184 Gibraltar (UK) 29,000
185 Danish Virgin Islands (Denmark) 28,000
186 Fernando Po (Spain) 25,000
187 French Guiana (France) 24,000
188 Brunei (UK) 22,000
189 Spanish Morocco [7] (Spain) 22,000
190 Seychelles (UK) 22,000
191  Tonga (UK) 21,000
192 Bermuda (UK) 20,000
193  Monaco 19,000
194 Faroe Islands (Denmark) 17,000
195 Micronesia (Germany) 15,000
196 Witu (UK) 15,000
197 Marshall Islands (Germany) 15,000
198 Greenland (Denmark) 13,000
199 Guam (United States) 12,000
200 Montserrat (UK) 12,000
201 Qatar (UK) 11,000
202  San Marino 11,000
203  Liechtenstein 10,000
204  Andorra 6,000
205 Cook Islands (UK) 6,000
206 American Samoa (United States) 6,000
207 Wallis and Futuna (France) 6,000
208  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 5,500
209 British Virgin Islands (UK) 5,000
210  Cayman Islands (UK) 5,000
211 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 5,000
212 Anguilla (UK) 4,500
213  Saint Helena (UK) 4,500
214 Palau (Germany) 4,000
215  Niue (UK) 4,000
216 Elobey, Annobón and Corisco (Spain) 3,000
217 Neutral Moresnet 3,000
218 Mariana Islands (Germany) 2,500
219 Ellice Islands (UK) 2,400
220  Falkland Islands (UK) 2,300
221 Nauru (Germany) 1,500
222 Christmas Island (UK) 900
223 Cocos Islands (UK) 650
224 Tokelau Islands (UK) 500
225 Pitcairn Islands (UK) 170
226 Ascension Island (UK) 100
227 Tristan da Cunha (UK) 95
228 Phoenix Islands (UK) 69

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Officially the "Indian Empire". Comprises modern-day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, but excludes Burma.
  2. ^ excludes External Territories
  3. ^ Modern-day Indonesia
  4. ^ Highly centralized. Certain subdivisions, such as the Cretan State, were listed separately.
  5. ^ Mostly Tihamah, Hejaz, Nejd, Hadramaut, Yemen
  6. ^ In personal union with Sweden.
  7. ^ Mainly Ceuta and Melilla.

References

  1. ^ "Population statistics: historical demography". Various sources (below). Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  2. ^ http://books.google.co.ma/books?ei=CtjfU-3jI6H4yQPDm4BQ&id=KtA7AQAAMAAJ&dq=Morocco++eight+million&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=eight+million
  3. ^ http://books.google.co.ma/books?id=tZoeAQAAMAAJ&q=Morocco++eight+million&dq=Morocco++eight+million&hl=en&sa=X&ei=CtjfU-3jI6H4yQPDm4BQ&redir_esc=y
  • Kurt Witthauer. Bevölkerung der Erde (1958)
  • Calendario atlante de Agostini, anno 99 (2003)
  • The Columbia gazetteer of the world (1998)
  • Britannica book of the year : world data (1997)
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