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List of flags of the United Kingdom

 

List of flags of the United Kingdom

This is a list of flags that have either been in use, or are used by, or in, the United Kingdom and related territories.

The College of Arms is the authority on the flying of flags in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and maintains the only official register of flags for these countries.[1] It was established in 1484 and as part of the Royal Household operates under the authority of The Crown.[1] The Lord Lyon King of Arms holds a similar role within Scotland.[2] A separate private body called the Flag Institute, financed by its own membership, also maintains a registry of United Kingdom flags that it styles 'the UK Flag Registry', though this has no official status under UK law.[3]

Certain classes of flag enjoy a special status within English planning law and can be flown without needing the planning permission normally required for advertisements. These include any country’s national flag, civil ensign or civil air ensign; the flag of the Commonwealth, the European Union, the United Nations or any other international organisation of which the United Kingdom is a member; a flag of any island, county, district, borough, burgh, parish, city, town or village within the United Kingdom; the flag of the Black Country, East Anglia, Wessex, any Part of Lincolnshire, any Riding of Yorkshire or any historic county within the United Kingdom; the flag of St David; the flag of St Patrick; the flag of any administrative area within any country outside the United Kingdom; any flag of Her Majesty’s Forces; and the Armed Forces Day flag.[4]
List of British flags
English flags
Northern Irish flags
Scottish flags
Welsh flags
Royal Standards

Current national flags

National and subnational flags of the United Kingdom.[5]

United Kingdom

Flag Date Use Description Status
1801 on The Union Jack, also known as the Union Flag. Used as the flag of the United Kingdom A superimposition of the flags of England and Scotland with the Saint Patrick's Saltire (representing Ireland) National flag used by government and civilian population.

Countries of the United Kingdom

Flag Date Use Description Status
c.1348[6] Flag of England, also known as the St George's Cross Argent a cross Gules De facto national flag also used by the Church of England, sports teams representing England and ordinary citizens.
1953-1972; unofficial since 1972 Northern Ireland has no official nor universally accepted flag The national flag of Northern Ireland is the Union Jack.[7] The Ulster Banner portrayed is from the former coat of arms of Northern Ireland and was the flag of the Government of Northern Ireland between 1953-1972. Since 1972 this flag has continued to be used for want of another distinctive flag, almost exclusively amongst the Unionist community.
c.1286[8] Flag of Scotland, also known as the St Andrew's Cross, or the Saltire Azure a saltire Argent National flag used by Scottish Government and agencies, sports teams representing Scotland and by ordinary citizens.
1959 on
(variants first appeared c.1485)
Flag of Wales, also known as the Red Dragon or Y Ddraig Goch Per fess Argent and Vert, a dragon passant Gules National flag used by the Welsh Government and agencies, sports teams representing Wales and by ordinary citizens.

The flags of England and of Scotland are ancient war flags which became by usage the national flags of England and Wales and of Scotland respectively and continued in use until the Act of Union 1707. Thereafter they were as de facto flags of those parts of the United Kingdom. The flag of Wales was devised in 1959. The Flag of Northern Ireland (if any) is argued over endlessly. The coat of arms of the Government of Northern Ireland, a red cross on a white field, defaced with a Red Hand of Ulster within a six pointed star topped with a crown, became used as a local flag, though the end of the province's Government in 1973 ended its official status. This flag has continued to be the internationally recognisable de facto flag of Northern Ireland through its use by international sporting organisations (for example FIFA,[9] UEFA,[10] and the Commonwealth Games)[11] to represent Northern Ireland, though locally it has the allegiance mainly of the Unionist community. The St Patrick's Saltire is also sometimes used by the government to represent Northern Ireland when a discrete Northern Ireland flag is required.[12][13]

Ensigns

Flag Date Use Description
1801 on Blue Ensign, used by some organisations or territories associated with the UK and also used by Royal Navy Reserve Captain of Merchant Navy Ship – e.g., RMS Queen Mary A blue field, with a Union Jack in the canton
1864 on Government Service Ensign (previously the Transport Ensign or Admiralty Ensign) A blue ensign defaced with a horizontal yellow anchor
1801 on Red Ensign, used by the Merchant Navy A red field, with a Union Jack in the canton
Civil Jack A Union Jack with a white border
1931 on Civil Air Ensign, used by civilian aircraft and at civil airports A blue and white cross on a light blue field with the Union Jack in the canton
1943 – 1945,
1949 – 1968
Flag of the Civil Defence Service/Civil Defence Corps A blue and yellow flag defaced with a Tudor Crown and the letters CD
Standard of the Royal British Legion A blue ensign with a yellow band across the middle with the words Royal British Legion and the name of the branch

Naval Service

Flag Date Use Description
1801 on White Ensign, Royal Navy, usually ships bearing the prefix HMS (but see blue ensign), and the Royal Yacht Squadron A red cross on a white field with the Union Jack in the canton
1968 on Ensign of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary A blue ensign defaced with a vertical yellow anchor
1974 – 2008 Ensign of the Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service A blue ensign defaced with a horizontal yellow anchor with two wavy yellow lines beneath
1963 on Ensign of the Royal Naval Auxiliary Service A blue ensign defaced with the shield of the Royal Naval Auxiliary Service
Sea Cadet Corps Ensign RNR Blue Ensign with SCC badge
Flag of the Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom A fouled anchor on a crimson background
Flag of the Corps of Her Majesty's Royal Marines A dark blue field with unequal horizontal yellow, green and red stripes, and the crest of the Royal Marines.
Flag of the Commandant General Royal Marines A dark blue field with a fouled anchor, lion and crown.

Army

Flag Date Use Description
Non-Ceremonial Flag of the British Army A red field defaced with the badge of the British Army.
1838 on Ensign of the Corps of Royal Engineers A blue government ensign defaced with the crest of the coat of arms of the Board of Ordnance.
Camp Flag of the Royal Engineers
Ensign of the Royal Logistic Corps for use on vessels commanded by a commissioned officer. A blue government ensign defaced with the British Army badge of a crown and lion in front of crossed swords.
Ensign of the Royal Logistic Corps for use on vessels under command of a non-commissioned officer. A blue government ensign defaced by British Army crossed swords.

Air Force

Flag Date Use Description
1921 on Royal Air Force Ensign A RAF light blue field with the Royal Air Force roundel in the fly with a Union Jack in the canton
1945 – 1996 Royal Observer Corps Ensign RAF Ensign with RAF roundel replaced by ROC badge
Air Training Corps Ensign RAF Ensign with RAF roundel replaced by ATC badge

Combined Forces

Flag Date Use Description
1956 on Flag of the Joint Services A dark blue, red and light blue tricolour defaced with the Joint Service badge in black. The tricolour is a combination of the colours of the Armed Forces.
Flag of the Secretary of State for Defence A dark blue, red and light blue horizontal tricolour defaced with a crown and lion. The tricolour is a combination of the colours of the Armed Forces.
1965 on Flag of the Chief of the Defence Staff A dark blue, red and light blue horizontal tricolour with a Union canton and defaced with the badge of the Chief of the Defence Staff. The tricolour is a combination of the colours of the Armed Forces.
1971 on Ensign of the Ministry of Defence Police A blue ensign defaced with the badge of the Ministry of Defence Police.

Yacht Club Ensigns

Flag Date Use Description
Ensign of the Royal Yacht Squadron The same as the Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.
Ensign of the Royal Dart Yacht Club. The red ensign defaced with a Royal Crown and a left pointed arrow under the Crown.
Ensign of the Royal Forth Yacht Club The blue ensign defaced by a Cross pattée, surmounted by the Crown of Scotland.
Ensign of the Royal Fowey Yacht Club The red ensign defaced with the Coronet of the Duke of Cornwall over the Shield of the Duchy of Cornwall.
Ensign of the Royal Harwich Yacht Club. The blue ensign defaced with a yellow rampant lion.
Ensign of the West Mersea Yacht Club. The red ensign deface with three swords (Essex symbol).
Ensign of the Royal Southampton Yacht Club The blue ensign with a defaced crown in the middle of the Union Jack.
Ensign of the Royal Ulster Yacht Club. The blue ensign defaced with the Red Hand of Ulster and St Edward's Crown.
Ensign of the Royal Windermere Yacht Club The red ensign defaced with a Royal Crown.

Royal Standards

Queen Elizabeth II

Flag Date Use Description
1837 on The Royal Standard of the United Kingdom (except Scotland) A banner of the Queen's Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom
1837 on The Royal Standard of the United Kingdom (only Scotland) A banner of the Queen's Arms used in Scotland, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom used in Scotland
1952 on Personal Flag of Elizabeth II, used by the Queen in her capacity as Head of the Commonwealth A crowned letter 'E' in gold, surrounded by a garland of gold roses on a blue background

Standards and Banners of the Prince of Wales

Flag Date Use Description
Standard of the Prince of Wales, used in England and Northern Ireland A banner of the Coat of Arms of the Prince of Wales, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom defaced with a label of three points. In the centre on an inescutcheon, ensigned with a representation of the coronet of the Prince of Wales, the Coat of arms of Wales.
Standard of the Prince of Wales as Duke of Cornwall 15 golden circles (bezants) on a black field
Standard of the Prince of Wales as Duke of Rothesay. The Royal Standard of Scotland defaced with a label of three points.[14]
Banner of the Prince of Wales as Duke of Rothesay Banner of the Duke's Arms, 1st and 4th quarters representing the title of Great Steward of Scotland, the 2nd and 3rd quarters representing the title of Lord of the Isles. In the centre on an inescutcheon the arms of the heir apparent to the King of Scots
1962 on Banner of the Prince of Wales, used in Wales A banner of the Coat of Arms of Wales. In the centre on an inescutcheon the coronet of the Prince of Wales

Other members of the Royal Family

Flag Date Use Description
1948 on Standard of HRH The Duke of Edinburgh A banner of the Coat of Arms of the Duke of Edinburgh, 1st quarter representing Denmark, 2nd quarter Greece, 3rd quarter the Mountbatten family, 4th quarter Edinburgh
2000 on Standard of HRH The Duke of Cambridge Banner of the Prince's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a three point label, the centre label bearing an Escallop in reference to the arms of Diana, Princess of Wales
2002 on Standard of HRH Prince Henry of Wales (Prince Harry) Banner of the Prince's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five point label, the first, centre and fifth labels bearing an Escallop in reference to the arms of Diana, Princess of Wales
1978 on Standard of HRH The Duke of York Banner of the Duke's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a three point label, the centre label bearing a blue anchor
2006 on Standard of HRH Princess Beatrice of York Banner of the Princess's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five point label with three bees in alternating points
2008 on Standard of HRH Princess Eugenie of York Banner of the Princess's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five point label with three thistle heads in alternating points
Standard of HRH The Earl of Wessex Banner of the Earl's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a three point label, the centre label bearing a Tudor Rose
Standard of HRH The Princess Royal Banner of the Princess's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a three point label, the first and third labels bearing a red cross, the centre label bearing a red heart.
1962 on Standard of HRH The Duke of Gloucester Banner of the Duke's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five point label, the first, third and fifth labels bearing a red cross, the second and fourth labels bearing a red lion.
Standard of HRH The Duke of Kent Banner of the Duke's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five point label, the first, third and fifth labels bearing a blue anchor, the second and fourth labels bearing a red cross.
Standard of HRH Prince Michael of Kent Banner of the Prince's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five point label, the first, third and fifth labels bearing a red cross, the second and fourth labels bearing a blue anchor.
1961 on Standard of HRH Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy Banner of the Princess's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five point label, the first and fifth labels bearing a red heart, the third label bearing a red cross, the second and fourth labels bearing a blue anchor.

Others

Flag Date Use Description
1323 on The Royal Standard of Scotland A banner of the ancient Royal coat of arms of Scotland, now officially used in Scotland by representatives of the sovereign, including the First Minister of Scotland, (as keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland), the Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, the Lord Lyon King of Arms and Lord-Lieutenants within their lieutenancies.[15] This flag is also used at the Royal residences of Holyrood Palace and Balmoral Castle when the sovereign is not present.
Flag used by the Lord-Lieutenants, the sovereign's representative in the counties of the United Kingdom, except by those in Scotland (see above). The Union Jack, defaced with a sword, crowned.
Standard of the Duchy of Lancaster The Royal Standard of England, with a three point label, each containing three fleurs-de-lis
Standard of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports A banner of the Lord's coat of arms featuring three Lions passant guardant con-joined to these hulls, all in gold

Government

Flag Date Use Description
Ensign of Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs A Blue Ensign defaced with the badge of HM Customs and Excise
2008 on Ensign of the UK Border Agency A Blue Ensign defaced with the badge of the UK Border Agency
Ensign of Her Majesty's Coastguard A blue ensign defaced with the badge of HM Coastguard
Ensign of the Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency A blue ensign defaced with the badge of the Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency
Ensign of the Commissioners of the Northern Lights A blue ensign defaced with a lighthouse
Northern Lighthouse Board Commissioners Flag A White Ensign with a pre-1801 Union Flag in the canton, defaced with a blue lighthouse in the fly, is the only British flag to still use the pre-1801 Union Flag.[16] This flag is only flown from vessels with the Commissioners aboard and from the Headquarters of the NLB, in Edinburgh.
Ensign of Trinity House A red ensign defaced with a Trinity House Jack
Flag of the Metropolitan Police The Badge of the Metropolitan Police on a blue background, with white squares at the edge

Church

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Anglican Communion A dark blue background with the symbol of the Anglican Communion (a compass rose surmounted by a bishop's mitre; in the centre is a cross of St George). The Greek motto, Ἡ ἀλήθεια ἐλευθερώσει ὑμᾶς ("The truth will set you free") is a quotation from John 8:32.
1999 on Flag used by the Church of Ireland The flag of Saint Patrick is one of two flags authorised for use on Church of Ireland buildings and grounds. The other is that of the Anglican Communion above.[17]
Flag of the Church of Scotland The flag of Scotland with the burning bush in the centre.
Flag of Westminster Abbey Tudor arms between Tudor roses, above Edward the Confessor's arms.
Flag of the Church in Wales A navy blue cross with a celtic cross in the centre.

Diplomatic flags

Flag Date Use Description
Flag used by British embassies A Union Jack defaced with the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom
Flag used by British high commissions High commissions fly the Union Jack
Flag used by British consulates and consulates-general A Union Jack defaced with the Royal Crown
Flag used by British consular officials when embarked in small boats; flag displayed at bow A blue ensign with the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom

The Channel Islands and the Isle of Man (Crown dependencies)

Flag Date Use Description
1993 on Flag of Alderney A red cross on a white field (St George's Cross) with an inescutcheon of the island's coat of arms. Alderney is an autonomous island which belongs to the Bailiwick of Guernsey.
1985 on Flag of Guernsey A golden cross within a red cross on a white field (St George's Cross)
1985 on Civil Ensign of Guernsey A red ensign with a Gold Cross.
1985 on State Ensign of Guernsey A blue ensign with a Gold Cross.
Flag of Herm A red cross on a white field (St George's Cross) with the coat of arms of the island in the canton. Herm is an island which belongs to the Bailiwick of Guernsey.
1931 on Flag of the Isle of Man A triskelion on a red field
1971 on Civil Ensign of the Isle of Man A red ensign with a triskelion
1981 on Flag of Jersey A red saltire on a white field defaced with the island's badge
2010 on Civil Ensign of Jersey A Red Ensign with the coat of arms of Jersey on
Government Ensign of Jersey A blue ensign with the arms of Jersey
1938 on Flag of Sark A red cross on a white field (St George's Cross) with two lions (the arms of the Plantagenet Dukes of Normandy) in the canton. Strictly speaking, this was the personal flag of the Seigneur. Sark is an autonomous island which belongs to the Bailiwick of Guernsey.

Overseas territories

In 1999, the maritime flags of the British Overseas Territories were updated at the request of the Ministry of Defence. The white discs were removed from the field of the flags and each respective coat of arms was increased in size for ease of identification. As the MoD only had authority over sea flags, the Governments of the Overseas Territories were free to continue using the flags with white discs on land. The Overseas Territories' governments did switch to the updated flags over a staggered period of time, however some old-style flags with white discs may still be seen. Such flags have generally been adopted by Order in Council. Civil (Red Ensign) flags are under the control of the United Kingdom Secretary of State for Transport and are split into two categories: Category 1 is to register ships of unlimited tonnage and type. category 2 is to register commercial ships and yachts of up to 150 gross registered tons.[18]

Flag Date Use Description
1990 on Flag of Anguilla A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Anguilla
Flag used in Akrotiri and Dhekelia The Union Jack is used as no territory flag exists
2013 on Flag of Ascension Island, an island of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Ascension Island
1910 on Flag of Bermuda[19] A red ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Bermuda. Used on land and as the civil ensign. (Government ensign is blue.)
1963 on Flag of the British Antarctic Territory A white ensign less the cross of St George defaced with the Coat of Arms of the British Antarctic Territory
1990 on Flag of the British Indian Ocean Territory A blue ensign with white wavy lines, defaced with the Coat of Arms of the British Indian Ocean Territory.
1960 on Flag of British Virgin Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of the British Virgin Islands. Used on land and as the government ensign. The civil ensign is red.
1958 on Flag of Cayman Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Cayman Islands. Used on land and as the government ensign. The civil ensign is red.
1999 on Flag of Falkland Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Falkland Islands. Used on land and as the government ensign. The civil ensign is red.
1982 on Flag of Gibraltar Two horizontal bands of white (top, double width) and red with a three-towered red castle in the centre of the white band; hanging from the castle gate is a gold key centred in the red band. This is the flag commonly used on land.
1921 on Government Ensign of Gibraltar A British Blue Ensign with the Union Jack in the canton and the badge of Gibraltar in the fly. This is the ensign for vessels owned by the Government, or in Government service.
1996 on Civil Ensign of Gibraltar[20] A British Red Ensign with the Union Jack in the canton and the badge of Gibraltar in the fly; the civil ensign for locally registered vessel.
1909 on Flag of Montserrat A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Montserrat
1984 on Flag of Pitcairn Island A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands
1984 on Flag of Saint Helena A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Saint Helena
1985 on Flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
2002 on Flag of Tristan da Cunha, an island of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Tristan da Cunha
1968 on Flag of Turks and Caicos Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Turks and Caicos Islands

Governors' flags

Prior to 1999, all Governors' flags had smaller discs and the outer green garland without the gold ring. Therefore the dates given do not reflect this minor, consistent change.

Flag Date Use Description
1990 on Personal flag of the Governor of Anguilla A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Anguilla
Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of Bermuda A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Bermuda
1962 on Personal flag of the Commissioner of the British Antarctic Territory A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the British Antarctic Territory
1990 on Flag of the Commissioner of the British Indian Ocean Territory A design based on the Blue Ensign with a Union Jack in the union and wavy white lines going horiontally along the field, defaced with the Coat of arms of the British Indian Ocean Territory. This flag is also used as the de facto flag of the Territory.
1971 on Personal flag of the Governor of the British Virgin Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the British Virgin Islands
1971 on Personal flag of the Governor of the Cayman Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the Cayman Islands
1948 on Personal flag of the Governor of the Falkland Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the Falkland Islands
Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of Gibraltar A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Gibraltar
Before 1997 Personal flag of the Governor of Hong Kong A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Hong Kong
Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of Montserrat A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Montserrat
1929 on Personal flag of the Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia A Union Jack defaced with the shield of the Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Nova Scotia surrounded by a circle of 18 green maple leaves.
Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of the Pitcairn Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands
Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha A Union Flag defaced with the Coat of arms of Saint Helena
1999 on Personal flag of the Commissioner for South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
2002 on Personal flag of the Administrator of Tristan da Cunha A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Tristan da Cunha. The Administrator is subservient to the Governor of Saint Helena
Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands A Union jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the Turks and Caicos Islands

Islands

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Outer Hebrides
2007 on Flag of Orkney[21][22] A blue Nordic cross outlined in yellow on a red field.
14 April 2010 Flag of the Isle of Portland(Registered by the Flag Institute)[23] The colours represent the landscape of the area: Portland stone, grass and the sea. The white tower represents the castles and the naval coronet shows the long connection with the Royal Navy.[24]
Flag of the Isles of Scilly[21] The Scillonian Cross
1969 on Flag of Shetland[21][22] A white Nordic cross on a light blue field
2009 on Flag of the Isle of Wight[21] A pale blue field with a nicked rhombus (a representation of the island's shape) and at the bottom six alternating bars wavy, navy blue and white.

Local government areas

Flags are often used to represent counties, cities and towns. Where these are based on a council's banner of arms they are technically for the use of the council, but they are often used to represent the wider area,[25] including by official bodies such as the Department for Communities and Local Government.[26] Northumberland and Hertfordshire County Councils have "released" their banners of arms for use as county flags.[27] Since 2012 it has been permitted in planning law in England to fly a flag of any British island, county, district, borough, burgh, parish, city, town or village without planning permission as an advertisement.[28]

Counties

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Angus A heraldic flag derived from the arms of Angus Council, consisting of four quarters containing a red crowned lion passant, a gold cinquefoil, a blue-white checked strip crossed with buckled red belt, and a depiction of the heart of Robert the Bruce to represent the four ancient earldoms of Angus.[29]
Flag of the former Bedfordshire County Council Differs in detail from the flag of the historic county (2014)
Flag of Berkshire[30] A stylised monochrome version of the two lions under a crown from the coat of arms of the county council.
2011 on Flag of Buckinghamshire[21] A red and black field bearing a chained swan: a traditional badge of the county
1974 on Flag of Cambridgeshire[31] Banner of the arms adopted after 1974 with elements from the old Cambridgeshire CC, and Huntingdon and Peterborough CC.
12th century St Piran's Flag – the Flag of Cornwall[21] A white cross on a black field
Flag of Cumbria[26] On the green border are Parnassus flowers (representing Cumberland) interspersed with white roses (Yorkshire) superimposed with red roses (Lancashire). The centre of the shield is made up of segments of blue, white, yellow and green divided by wavy vertical lines and zig-zag horizontal lines. This depicts the new County and from left to right the vertical lines of segments show: blue and white for the sea, blue and yellow (gold) for the lakes and agriculture, green and white for mountains and lakes and green and yellow (gold) for mountains and agriculture.
2006 on Flag of Derbyshire[21][32] A green cross with a white border on a sky blue field, with a gold Tudor rose in the centre.
2003 on Flag of DevonSt Petroc's flag[21][33] A white cross with a black border on a green field.
2008 on Flag of Dorset[34] A white cross with a red border on a gold field.
2013 on Flag of County Durham[35] On a field divided in two, the upper half yellow and the lower blue, St Cuthbert's cross counterchanged (having the opposite colours as the field).
Flag of East Sussex[36] A variation on the arms attributed to the Kingdom of Sussex.
Possibly 6th century Flag of Essex[21] A red field with three white, gold hilted Saxon swords (Seaxes).
2008 on Flag of Gloucestershire – the Severn Cross[21][33] The winning entry in a competition to commemorate the county's millennium.
Flag of Greater Manchester[37] Ten golden castles (arranged in rows of 3-2-3-2) on a red background, fringed by a golden border in the style of a castle battlement.
Flag of Hampshire[38] The Flag of Hampshire is split horizontally with equal bands of red on top and yellow beneath. There is a red rose in the centre of the yellow band and a crown in the centre of the red band.[39]
Flag of Herefordshire[40]
2008 on Flag of Hertfordshire[21] On a waved background, a Hart reclining on a yellow shield – a flag displayed on the crest of the county arms
Flag of Kent[21] A red field with the white horse of Kent in the centre.
Flag of Leicestershire[41]
2005 on Flag of Lincolnshire[21][32] Quarterly Vert and Azure, on a Cross Gules fimbriated Or a Fleur-de-Lis of the last.
Flag of Merseyside[42]
Flag of Norfolk[43]
Flag of Northamptonshire CC
1951 Flag of Northumberland[21]
Local authority flag with use permitted to local people. Based on the St Oswald banner (below).[44]
2011 on Flag of Nottinghamshire[21][32] A red cross fimbrated white on a green field, with an inescutcheon in the centre showing Robin Hood.
2007 on Flag of Orkney[21][22] A blue Nordic cross outlined in yellow on a red field.
Flag of Oxfordshire[45] The Flag of Oxfordshire has a dark blue field with two wavy white lines running from upper hoist to lower fly. In the lower hoist there is a cluster of six gold oak leaves and in the upper fly there is a cluster of 3 gold wheat stalks.[46]
1988 on Flag of Pembrokeshire[21] A yellow cross on a blue field with a variation of the red and white Tudor rose in the centre
Flag of Rutland
1969 on Flag of Shetland[21][22] A white Nordic cross on a light blue field
2012 on Flag of Shropshire[21] Three leopards' faces, referred to as loggerheads locally, are a traditional emblem for Shropshire and its county town, Shrewsbury. The erminois aspect differentiates the county flag with that of Shrewsbury.
Flag of South Yorkshire[35] The Flag of South Yorkshire has an upper green section and a lower blue section separated by a white wavy line. To the fly there is a Yorkshire rose with the letters S&Y underneath.[47]
Flag of Staffordshire[48] Banner of arms of the local authority. All the devices on the flag come from arms of various Earls of Stafford. The red chevron on gold was the arms of the de Staffords. It is charged with the family's famous Stafford knot badge.
Flag of Suffolk[49] Coat of arms of Suffolk on a gold background. The main charge in the arms is the sun rising over the sea. Suffolk is the most easterly county in England and thus the first to see the sun rise. The open crowns and crossed arrows refer to Bury St. Edmunds and have been widely used in the arms of Suffolk towns and districts.
Flag of Surrey[50] The flag of Surrey is divided into halves, blue on the left and black on the right. Lying across the flag diagonally are two interlaced gold keys. In the lower part of the blue half there is a woolpack, and in the upper part of the black half there is a sprig of oak with acorn, both in grey.[51]
Flag of Tyne and Wear[35] The flag of Tyne and Wear has a blue field with a white turret in the centre. Towards the top of the flag there is a white wavy line.[52]
1931 on Flag of Warwickshire[53] – the Bear and Ragged Staff[54] A banner based on the County Coat of Arms. A silver bear with red muzzle and gold collar and chain supporting a silver ragged staff on a red shield, with three red crosses (each of which has its arms crossed) on a gold band at the top.[55]
Flag of the West Midlands[35] Banner of arms of the former county council. The flag has two dancetty barrulets interlaced to form a W and M representing the initials of "West Midlands".
Flag of West Sussex[56] Banner of arms of the local authority. Blue and gold flag with six golden martlets.
2009 on Flag of Wiltshire[21] Alternating downward angled stripes of green and white bearing a green disc within six alternating green and white sections, on which stands an image of a Great Bustard.[57] Accepted by Wiltshire Council in December 2009[58]
Flag of Worcestershire CC[59] Banner of arms of the local authority.

Cities

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Aberdeen[25] Three White/Grey Castles on a Red Field, taken from the city's coat of arms.
Flag of Belfast[25] A banner of the City's coat of arms.
Flag of Birmingham[25] A banner of the City's coat of arms.
Flag of Cardiff A banner of the City's coat of arms.
Flag of Durham[25] A red cross outlined in white on a black field.
Flag of Edinburgh[25] A heraldic flag derived from the arms of Edinburgh Council.[60]
Flag of Lincoln[25] A banner of the City's coat of arms
Flag of the City of London[25] A red cross on a white field, with a red sword in the canton. A banner of the arms of the City of London Corporation
Flag of Portsmouth[25] A banner of the City's coat of arms
Flag of St Albans[25] – the Cross of St Alban
Flag of Shrewsbury A banner of the City's coat of arms.
Flag of York[25] A banner of the City's coat of arms.

Miscellaneous

Flag Date Use Description
Unofficial Cornish ensign The flag of Cornwall (a white cross on a black field), with the Union Jack in the canton.
Flag of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution A red cross with a blue border on a white field, with the letters RNLI in red in each quarter, defaced with a crowned anchor
2002 on Flag of the Commonwealth Games Federation A white flag with the emblem of the Commonwealth Games Federation in the centre.
Flag of the St John Ambulance Brigade
Flag of Saint David A gold cross on a black field
1878 on Flag of the Salvation Army A maroon flag with a blue border defaced by a yellow star with the Salvation Army's motto "Blood & Fire" written on it

Historical and informal areas

It is explicitly permitted to fly the flag of the Black Country, East Anglia, Wessex, any Part of Lincolnshire, any Riding of Yorkshire or any historic county within the United Kingdom without needing any permission or consent.[28]

Historic kingdoms and regions

Flag Date Use Description
2012 on Flag of the Black Country[21][33] Per pall reversed Sable, Gules and Argent a pall reversed Argent over all an inverted chevron of chain counterchanged Argent, Sable, Argent.
1900 on Flag of East Anglia.[21] The arms ascribed to the Wuffingas dynasty of East Anglia, three crowns on a blue shield, superimposed on a St George's cross.
Flag of Mercia[61] – the Cross of St Alban A gold saltire on a blue field; the traditional flag of the Kingdom of Mercia, still flown on Tamworth Castle.
1970s Flag of Wessex[21] A gold wyvern on a red field.

Historic counties

Flag Date Use Description
2014 on Flag of Anglesey Gules between three lions rampant or a chevron of the second: the attributed arms of Hwfa ap Cynddelw, the traditional badge of the county. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[62]
2014 on Flag of Bedfordshire Based on the arms of Beauchamp, Barons of Bedford (red and gold) and Russell, Dukes of Bedford (black with 3 scallops). Unlike the old county council banner, the bars wavy are counterchanged per pale. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[63]
2011 on Flag of Buckinghamshire A red and black field bearing a chained swan: a traditional badge of the county. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[64](Chosen in a BBC competition)[65]
2012 on Flag of Caernarfonshire Vert, three eagles displayed in fess Or. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[66]
2013 on Flag of Cheshire Azure a Sword erect between three Garbs Or (Registered by the Flag Institute)[67]
12th century St Piran's Flag – the Flag of Cornwall A white cross on a black field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[68]
2012 on The Flag of Cumberland Based on a banner of the arms of the former Cumberland County Council.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[69]
2006 on Flag of Derbyshire A green cross with a white border on a sky blue field, with a gold Tudor rose in the centre. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[70](Chosen in a BBC competition)[71]
2003 on Flag of DevonSt Petroc's flag A white cross with a black border on a green field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[72](Chosen by competition)[73]
2013 on Flag of County Durham[74] A gold and blue horizontal bicolour with St. Cuthbert's Cross countercharged upon it. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[75](Chosen by competition)[76]
2008 on Flag of Dorset[77] – the Dorset Cross alias St Wite's Cross A white cross with a red border on a gold field.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[78](Chosen by competition)[79]
Possibly 6th century Flag of Essex A red field with three white, gold hilted Saxon swords (Seaxes). (Registered by the Flag Institute)[80]
12th century Flag of Glamorgan Gules, three Chevronels Argent. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[81]
2008 on Flag of Gloucestershire – the Severn Cross The winning entry in a competition to commemorate the county's millennium. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[82](Chosen by competition)[83]
2008 on Flag of Hertfordshire On a waved background, a Hart reclining on a yellow shield – a flag displayed on the crest of the county arms(Registered by the Flag Institute)[84]A banner of the council's arms[85]
2009 on Flag of Huntingdonshire On a green background, a gold, ribboned hunting horn – a flag displayed on the crest of the county arms (Registered by the Flag Institute)[86]
Flag of Kent A red field with the white horse of Kent in the centre. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[87]
2008 on Flag of Lancashire The red rose of Lancashire on a yellow field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[88]
2005 on Flag of Lincolnshire Quarterly Vert and Azure, on a Cross Gules fimbriated Or a Fleur-de-Lis of the last. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[89](Chosen in a BBC competition)[90]
1910 Flag of Middlesex A red field with three white, gold hilted Saxon swords or Seaxes under a gold Saxon crown. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[91]
2011 on Flag of Monmouthshire Per pale Azure and Sable three Fleurs-de-lis Or. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[92]
2014 on Flag of Norfolk Party per pale or and sable, a bend ermine; the attributed arms of Ralph de Gael or Guader, 1st Earl of Norfolk (Registered by the Flag Institute)[93]
2014 on Flag of Northamptonshire Maroon with a gold cross fimbrated black, and in the centre the county's traditional rose.[94] (Registered by the Flag Institute)[95](Chosen by competition)[96]
1951 Flag of Northumberland Local authority flag with use permitted to local people. Based on the St Oswald banner (below). (Registered by the Flag Institute)[97]
2011 on Flag of Nottinghamshire A red cross fimbrated white on a green field, with an inescutcheon in the centre showing Robin Hood. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[98](Chosen in a BBC competition)[99]
2007 on Flag of Orkney[21][22] A blue Nordic cross outlined in yellow on a red field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[100](Enrolled by the Lord Lyon)[101]
1988 on Flag of Pembrokeshire A yellow cross on a blue field with a variation of the red and white Tudor rose in the centre. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[102]
1969 on Flag of Shetland A white Nordic cross on a light blue field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[103](Enrolled by the Lord Lyon)[104]
2012 on Flag of Shropshire Three leopards' faces, referred to as loggerheads locally, are a traditional emblem for Shropshire and its county town, Shrewsbury. The erminois aspect differentiates the county flag with that of Shrewsbury. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[105]A banner of the council's arms[106]
2013 on Flag of Somerset Or, a Dragon Rampant Gules. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[107](Chosen by competition)[108]
2014 on County Flag of Surrey Chequy or and azure (De Warrenne, the first Earls of Surrey) - the traditional emblem of the county.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[109]
2010 on Flag of Sussex – Saint Richard's Flag[21] Based on the traditional emblem of Sussex; Six gold martlets on a Blue field, first recorded in 1611 and used by many Sussex organisations. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[110]
2011 on Flag of Westmorland A golden heraldic apple tree on white and red bars. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[111]
2009 on Flag of Wiltshire Alternating downward angled stripes of green and white bearing a green disc within six alternating green and white sections, on which stands an image of a Great Bustard. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[112][57] Accepted by Wiltshire Council in December 2009[58]
2013 on Flag of Worcestershire Three black pears on a shield charged against a wavy green and blue background. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[113](Chosen in a BBC competition)[114]
1960s on Flag of Yorkshire A White Rose on a blue field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[115]
2013 on Flag of the East Riding of Yorkshire[116] Per pale Azure and Vert, an inverted rose Argent. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[117](Chosen by competition)[118]
2013 on Flag of the North Riding of Yorkshire[119] Vert a cross azure fimbriated or, a rose argent (Registered by the Flag Institute)[120](Chosen by competition)[121]
2013 on Flag of the West Riding of Yorkshire[122] (Registered by the Flag Institute)[123](Chosen by competition)[124]

Historical flags

National flags and ensigns

Flag Date Use Description
1929 – 1973 Ensign of the former Northern Ireland government. The blue ensign defaced with the letters GNI. Used on vessels of the Northern Ireland government.
1953 – 1972 The Ulster Banner – Flag of the former Government of Northern Ireland between 1953 and 1972 and still used to represent Northern Ireland in some sporting events in which Northern Ireland competes. The flag is particularly associated with the Protestant community in Northern Ireland A red cross on a white field with a red hand, on a six pointed white star, crowned (representing the six counties in Northern Ireland). The Ulster Banner ceased to be officially recognised with the passing of the Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973 which dissolved the Parliament of Northern Ireland.
1606 – 1801 Flag of the Kingdom of Great Britain (From 1707) First version of the Union jack used in England from 1606 and Scotland from 1707 – the Flags of England and Scotland superimposed.
17th century Scottish Union Flag Scottish Union Flag variant[125][126][127][128]
1783 – 1922 Saint Patrick's Saltire, also known as St Patrick's Cross, the symbol of The Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick, the British order of chivalry associated with Ireland. A red saltire on a white field. Used to represent Ireland in the Union Jack and unofficially to represent Ireland from the Act of Union to the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
1620 – 1707 English Red Ensign The Red Ensign of the English Royal Navy
1620 – 1707 English White Ensign The White Ensign of the English Royal Navy
1620 – 1707 English Blue Ensign The Blue Ensign of the English Royal Navy
Until 1707 Scottish Red Ensign, used by the Royal Scottish Navy A red ensign with the Flag of Scotland in the canton
1707 – 1801 Red Ensign of Great Britain The Red Ensign with the first version of the Union Jack. (This was the flag flown over the Thirteen Colonies before the American Revolution)
1707 – 1801 White Ensign of Great Britain The White Ensign with the first version of the Union Jack.
1707 – 1801 Blue Ensign of Great Britain The Blue Ensign with the first version of the Union Jack.
1649 – 1651 Flag of the Commonwealth of England St George's Cross and an Irish Harp juxtaposed.
1651 – 1658 Flag of the Commonwealth of England St George's Cross and St Andrew's cross quartered.
1658 – 1660 Flag of The Protectorate The 1606 Union Jack defaced with an Irish Harp.

Lord Protector's standard

Flag Date Use Description
1653–1658 Standard of the Lord Protector, used by Oliver Cromwell The cross of St. George quartered with the cross of St. Andrew and the Irish Harp, and surmounted by an escutcheon with Cromwell's personal coat of arms.

British Empire and overseas territories

Flag Date Use Description
1937–1963 Flag of the Crown Colony of Aden A blue ensign defaced with an Arab ship inside a disc
Until 1801 (Canada)
Until 1776 (US, de facto)
Until 1783 (US, de jure)
The flag of British America, part of which is now Canada and the United States A red ensign with the first version of the Union Jack.
1956–1962 Flag of Antigua and Barbuda A blue ensign defaced with the colonial coat of arms of Antigua on a white disc
1962–1967 Flag of Antigua and Barbuda A blue ensign defaced with the colonial coat of arms of Antigua
1869–1904 Flag of the Crown Colony of the Bahama Islands A Blue Ensign with the Badge of the Bahama islands.
1904–1923 Flag of the Crown Colony of the Bahama Islands A Blue Ensign with the Badge of the Bahama Islands.
1923–1953 Flag of the Crown Colony of the Bahama Islands A Blue Ensign with the Badge of the Bahama Islands.
1953–1964 Flag of the Crown Colony of the Bahama Islands A Blue Ensign with the Badge of the Bahama Islands.
1964–1973 Flag of the Crown Colony of the Bahama Islands A Blue Ensign defaced with the Badge of the Bahama Islands.
1893–1907 Flag of the British Central Africa Protectorate A Blue Ensign with an emblem of the British Central Africa Protectorate
1885–1958 Flag of the Crown colony of Barbados A Blue Ensign with an emblem of Barbados
1958–1966 Flag of the Crown colony of Barbados A Blue Ensign with an emblem of Barbados
1951-1966 Flag of the Colony of Basutoland A Blue Ensign with an emblem of Basutoland
1922–1961 Flag of the British Cameroons A blue ensign defaced with the words British Cameroon surrounded by bananas all inside a white disc
1919–1954 Flag of the British Guiana A blue ensign defaced with a sailing ship and the motto inside an oval
1919–1981 Flag of British Honduras A blue ensign defaced with the coat of arms of British Honduras
Before July 1, 1997 Flag of Hong Kong A Blue ensign with the British lion holding the Pearl of the Orient standing on the crest on top of Victoria Island (Hong Kong island)with the Coat of Arms of British Hong Kong
1903–1958 Flag of the British Windward Islands A blue ensign defaced with the arms of the British Windward Islands inside a disc
1937 – 1948 Flag of Burma A blue ensign defaced with a peafowl inside a disc
1868 – 1921 Flag of Canada A red ensign defaced with the coat of arms of the Dominion of Canada
1921 – 1957 Flag of Canada A red ensign defaced with the coat of arms of the Dominion of Canada
1957 – 1965 Flag of Canada A red ensign defaced with the coat of arms of the Dominion of Canada
1795 – 1910 Flag of the Cape Colony A blue ensign defaced with the shield-of-arms of Cape Colony
1815 – 1948 Flag of Ceylon A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Ceylon
1922 – 1960 Flag of Cyprus A blue ensign defaced with two red lions
1955 – 1965 Flag of Dominica A Blue Ensign with an emblem of Dominica
1965 – 1978 Flag of Dominica A Blue Ensign with an emblem of Dominica
1876 - 1925 Flag of the Falkland Islands A blue ensign defaced with the seal of the Falkland Islands
1925 - 1948 Flag of the Falkland Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Colonial Badge of the Falkland Islands
1948 – 1999 Flag of the Falkland Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of the Falkland Islands on a white disc
1875 – 1921 Historical Government Ensign of Gibraltar A blue ensign defaced with the badge of Gibraltar on a white disc
1967 - 1974 Flag of Grenada Three equal horizontal stripes blue, yellow and green from top to bottom and a branch of a pomegranate inside a white oval in the middle.
1932 – 1976 Flag of Gillbert and Ellice Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Gilbert and Ellice Islands
1821 – 1957 Flag of the Crown colony of Gold Coast A blue ensign defaced with an elephant and the letters GC under the feet of the elephant all inside a disc
1807 – 1890 Flag of Heligoland The flag of Heligoland with The Union Jack
1870 – 1873 Flag of the Crown colony of Hong Kong A blue ensign defaced with the letters HK and a royal crown in a white disc
1876 – 1910 Flag of Hong Kong A blue ensign defaced with the Colonial Badge of Hong Kong
1910 – 1941,
1945 – 1959
Flag of Hong Kong A blue ensign defaced with the Colonial Badge of Hong Kong
1959 – 1997 Flag of Hong Kong A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Hong Kong in a white disc
Late 1980s – 1997 Unofficial merchant ensign of Hong Kong A red ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Hong Kong in a white disc
1858 – 1947 Flag of the Indian Empire A red ensign defaced with the shield of the Order of the Star of India
1858 – 1947 British Indian Blue Ensign A Blue ensign with the Star of India, used as the naval flag
1815 – 1864 Flag of the Ionian Islands A blue ensign defaced with the shield of the symbol of Mark the Evangelist (symbol of the Republic of Venice)
1875 – 1906 Colonial flag of Jamaica A British Blue Ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Colonial Jamaica within a white circle
1906 – 1957 Colonial flag of Jamaica A British Blue Ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Colonial Jamaica within a white circle
1957 – 1962 Colonial flag of Jamaica A British Blue Ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Colonial Jamaica within a white circle
1962 Colonial flag of Jamaica A British Blue Ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Colonial Jamaica within a white circle
1920 – 1963 Flag of Crown colony of Kenya A blue ensign defaced with a red rampant lion
1912 – 1946 Flag of the Crown Colony of Labuan. A blue ensign defaced with a ship.
1946 – 1957 Flag of the Crown Colony of Malacca A blue ensign defaced with A Famosa motif.
1946 – 1948 Flag of the Federated Malay States The flag was striped horizontally with an overall 1:2 to ratio with white stripe at the top, red, yellow and black at the bottom. In the centre was a white oblong, with a horizontal major axis, and a Malayan tiger (Malay: Harimau Malaya) leaping, face to the left
c.1814 – 1875 Colonial flag of Malta A red ensign defaced with a white St George's cross, but no badge
1875 – 1898 Colonial flag of Malta A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Malta in a white disc
1898 – 1923 Colonial flag of Malta A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Malta in a white disc
1923 – 1943 Colonial flag of Malta A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Malta
1943 – 1964 Colonial flag of Malta A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Malta in a white disc
1906 - 1923 Flag of the Dominion of Mauritius A Blue Ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Mauritius in a white disc
1923 - 1968 Flag of the Dominion of Mauritius A Blue Ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Mauritius
1924 – 1959 Flag of the British Mandate of Mesopotamia Flag of the Kingdom of Iraq
1834 - 1860 Flag of the Mosquito Coast protectorate Union jack, prominent over the top quarter closest to the flag mast. The field of the flag is composed of ten horizontal stripes in blue and white alternatively.
1843 - 1910 Flag of the Colony of Natal A Blue Ensign defaced with the shield-of-arms of the colony of Natal
1610 – 1904 Flag of Newfoundland Colony A blue ensign defaced with a seal of the crown and underwritten is "Terra Nova"
1870 – 1931 Civil and Naval flag of the Dominion of Newfoundland A Blue ensign defaced with the Great Seal of Newfoundland, primarily civil and naval use
1907 – 1931 (used as Civil Ensign until 1965) Flag of the Dominion of Newfoundland A red ensign defaced with the Great Seal of Newfoundland. Used as a civil ensign until 1965
1953 - 1980 Flag of New Hebrides A Blue Ensign defaced with a crown surrounded by the words New Hebrides inside a white disk
1800 – 1960 Flag of the Crown colony of Nigeria A blue ensign defaced with the shield-of-arms of the colonial Nigeria
1900 - 1914 Flag of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate A Blue Ensign defaced with the shield-of-arms of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate in a green disc.
1882 – 1948 Flag of North Borneo A blue ensign defaced with the badge of North Borneo Chartered Company.
Civil ensign of North Borneo A red ensign defaced with the badge of North Borneo Chartered Company.
1946 – 1963 Flag of the Crown Colony of North Borneo A blue ensign defaced with the new badge of Crown Colony of North Borneo.
1939 – 1953,
1963 – 1964
Flag of Northern Rhodesia A blue ensign defaced with the shield-of-arms of Northern Rhodesia
1907 – 1953,
1963 – 1964
Flag of Nyasaland A blue ensign defaced with the shield-of-arms of Nyasaland
1900 – 1910 Flag of the Orange River Colony A blue ensign defaced with a springbok antelope in a disc
1927 – 1948 Ensign of the British Mandate of Palestine A red ensign defaced with the word Palestine inside a white disc, for use by ships registered in the territory. The Union Jack was used as the general land flag of the mandate.
1906 – 1949 Flag of the Territory of Papua A blue ensign defaced with a crown and the word Papua underneath inside a white disc
1946 – 1949 Flag of the Crown Colony of Penang A blue ensign defaced with the pre-1985 lesser arms of Penang.
1958 – 1983 Flag of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla A blue ensign defaced with the emblem of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla
1875 – 1939 Flag of Saint Lucia A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Saint Lucia
1939 – 1967 Flag of Saint Lucia A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Saint Lucia
Until 1979 Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
1922 - 1962 Flag of Samoa A Blue Ensign defaced with three palm trees encircled.
1922 - 1962 Flag of Samoa A Red Ensign defaced with three palm trees encircled. Used at sea.
1903-1961 Flag of Seychelles A Blue Ensign defaced with a palm tree and a tortoise aside encircled
1961-1976 Flag of Seychelles A Blue Ensign defaced with the legend "Seychelles" on top a palm tree and a tortoise below encircled
1889 - 1914 Flag of Sierra Leone A Blue Ensign defaced with an elephant and the initials S.L. encircled.
1916 - 1961 Flag of Sierra Leone A Blue Ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Sierra Leone inside a white disc.
1903 - 1950 Flag of the British Somaliland A Blue Ensign defaced with a Kudu inside a white disk.
1950 – 1960 Flag of the British Somaliland A blue ensign defaced with the shield of arms of the British Somaliland
1910 – 1912 Flag of the Union of South Africa A red ensign defaced with the shield-of-arms of the Union of South Africa
1912 – 1928 Flag of the Union of South Africa A red ensign defaced with the shield-of-arms of the Union of South Africa inside a white disc.
1928 – 1961 Flag of the Union of South Africa Variation of the flag of the Dutch East India Company at the Cape (without the VOC logo in the centre) from 1652 until 1795, with three smaller flags centred in the white stripe. The smaller flags were the Union Jack towards the hoist, the Orange Free State Vierkleur hanging vertically and the Transvaal Vierkleur towards the fly. This flag continued to be used by the Republic of South Africa until 1994.
1923 – 1953 Flag of Southern Rhodesia A blue ensign defaced with the shield-of-arms of Southern Rhodesia
1953 – 1963 Flag of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland A blue ensign defaced with the shield-of-arms of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
1963 – 1980 Flag of Rhodesia A light blue ensign defaced with the shield-of-arms of Southern Rhodesia
1946 – 1963 Flag of the Crown Colony of Sarawak A blue ensign defaced with the shield-of-arms of Sarawak.
1874 – 1942 Flag of the British Straits Settlements A blue ensign defaced with a white disc containing three gold crown; separated with a red inverted pall, which looks like an inverted Y
1946 – 1959 Flag of the Crown Colony of Singapore A blue ensign defaced with a white disc containing a crown within a red inverted pall, which looks like an inverted Y.
1922 - 1956 Flag of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan The Flag of the Kingdom of Egypt and the Union Jack aside.
1919 – 1961 Flag of Tanganyika A red ensign defaced with the head of a giraffe in a white disc
1921 – 1946 Flag of Transjordan (British Mandate of Jordan) Flag of the Emirate of Transjordan
1900 – 1910 Flag of Transvaal A blue ensign defaced with a disc showing a lion lying on an African plain with palm trees.[129]
1889 – 1962 Colonial flag of Trinidad & Tobago A blue ensign defaced with a circular badge depicting a ship arriving in front of a mountain
1976 – 1978 Colonial flag of Tuvalu A blue ensign defaced with a circular badge with a hut and the motto of Tuvalu
1820 – 1971 Flag of the Trucial States Flag of the Trucial States
1914 – 1962 Flag of Uganda A blue ensign defaced with a Grey Crowned Crane inside a disc
1903 - 1930 Flag of Weihaiwei A Blue Ensign defaced with two birds by a pond inside a disc.
1958 – 1962 Flag of the West Indies Federation It has four equally-spaced narrow white stripes with a large orange-gold disc over the middle two lines in the centre of the flag, undulating horizontally across a blue field
1896 - 1963 Flag of Zanzibar A red flag used during the British protectorate.

Royal standards

Flag Date Use Description
1198 – 1340 Royal Banner of King Richard I Gules, three lions passant regardant in pale or.
1340 – 1406 Royal Banner of King Edward III The Coat of Arms of England quartered with the Royal Standard of France, the Fleur-de-lis representing the English claim to the French throne.
1406 – 1603 Royal Banner of King Henry IV The French quartering has been altered to three fleurs-de-lys.
1603 – 1649,
1660 – 1689,
1702 – 1707
Royal Standard of the House of Stuart, used first by James VI and I A banner of the Royal Coat of Arms of James I, first and fourth quarters representing England and the English claim to the French throne, second quarter representing Scotland, third quarter representing Ireland (This is the first time that Ireland has been represented on the Royal Standard).
1707 – 1714 Royal Standard of the House of Stuart, under Queen Anne after the Acts of Union A banner of the Royal Coat of Arms of Queen Anne, first and fourth quarters representing (newly unified) England and Scotland, second quarter representing the (English) claim to the French throne, third quarter representing Ireland.
1714 – 1800 Royal Standard of Great Britain under the House of Hanover from 1714 to 1800.
1801 – 1816 Royal Standard of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1814. A banner of the Royal Arms from the creation of the United Kingdom on 1 January 1801; first and fourth quarters for England and Wales, second Scotland, third Ireland, with an inescutcheon for the Electorate of Hanover.
1816 – 1837 Royal Standard of the House of Hanover from 1814 to 1837 The Royal Arms after Hanover had become a kingdom.

Members of the Royal Family

Flag Date Use Description
1936 – 2002 Standard of Queen Elizabeth, consort of George VI The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom impaled with the Arms of the Earl of Strathmore: ("bows" and "lions")
1910 – 1953 Standard of Queen Mary, consort of George V The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom impaled with the Arms of Prince Francis, Duke of Teck (the Queen's father) and Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (the Queen's maternal grandfather)
1901 – 1928 Standard of Queen Alexandra, consort of Edward VII The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom impaled with the Arms of the King of Denmark.
1944 – 2002 Standard of Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a three point label, first and third labels bearing a Tudor rose, the second label bearing a thistle proper.
1917 – 1981 Standard of Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five point label, the first, second, fourth and fifth labels bearing a red heart, the third label bearing a red cross.

Welsh Royal Standards

Flag Date Use Description
1401 – 1416 Banner adopted by Owain Glyndŵr and thought to be derived from the counter-charged arms of the princely Houses of Mathrafal and Dinefwr. It is in use by the National Eisteddfod for Wales, Cymdeithas yr iaith and widely amongst independentist groups Quarterly Or and Gules, four Lions rampant counter-charged
c.1195 – 1378 Banner of the princely House of Aberffraw and the Kingdom of Gwynedd famously used by Llywelyn the Great, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd and Owain Lawgoch. The Prince of Wales uses a version of this flag today emblazoned with a Crown on a green shield Quarterly Or and Gules, four Lions passant guardant counter-charged langued and armed Azur
c.1100 – c.1400 Banner of the princely House of Mathrafal used during the early Middle Ages by the rulers of Powys, Powys Wenwynwyn and later by their heirs the de la Pole (Powysian) dynasty. Modern use is rare Or a Lion rampant Gules langued and armed Azure
c.1100 – c.1300 Banner of the princely House of Dinefwr and the Kingdom of Deheubarth, a realm which covered much of south Wales. The banner would have been used during the early Middle Ages and later by the Talbot dynasty who inherited the arms. Modern use is rare Gules a Lion rampant Or, a border engrailed of the last
c.1240 – 1282 Banner of the personal arms of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd Argent three Lions passant Gules
c.1160 – c.1350 Banner of Madog ap Gruffudd Maelor, and later the Banner of Powys Fadog Argent a Lion rampant Sable langued and armed Gules

Battle flags

Flag Date Use Description
c.1400 – 1416 Banner known as the Y Ddraig Aur or "Golden Dragon" which has ancient origins. It was famously raised over Caernarvon during the Battle of Tuthill in 1401 by Owain Glyndŵr Argent a dragon rampant Or
c.1854 Eureka Jack, reportedly flown by the besieged rebels at the Eureka Stockade as a second battle flag on 3 December 1854, in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. Undefaced Union Jack.

Governor's flags

Flag Date Use Description
1967 - 1981 Flag used by the British Governor of Antigua and Barbuda A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Antigua and Barbuda.
1845 – 1959 Flag flown on Government House, Hong Kong and the Governor's official car during British rule A Union Jack defaced with the then Colonial Badge of Hong Kong
1959 – 1997 Flag flown on Government House, Hong Kong and the Governor's official car during British rule A Union Jack defaced with the then Coat of arms of Hong Kong
1855 – 1947 Flag used by the British Governors-General, Governors, Lieutenant Governors, Chief Commissioners and other British officers in India A Union Jack defaced with the Star of India surmounted by the Tudor Crown.
1875 – 1948 Flag used by the British Governor of Ceylon A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Ceylon.
1875 – 1906 Flag of the Governor of Jamaica A Union Jack defaced with the Badge of Colonial Jamaica
1906 – 1957 Flag of the Governor of Jamaica A Union Jack defaced with the Badge of Colonial Jamaica
1957 – 1962 Flag of the Governor of Jamaica A Union Jack defaced with the Badge of Colonial Jamaica
1962 Flag of the Governor of Jamaica A Union Jack defaced with the Badge of Colonial Jamaica
Until 1973 Personal flag of the Governor of Northern Ireland A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Northern Ireland
1921 – 1922 Flag of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland A Union Flag defaced with an Irish Harp
1906 - 1968 Flag of the Governor of Mauritius A Union Jack defaced with the Badge of Colonial Mauritus
1959 - 1965 Flag of the Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario The Canadian Red Ensign defaced by a disk bearing the shield of the Arms of Ontario surrounded by a chain of green maple leaves.
1903-1961 Flag of the Governor of Seychelles A Union Jack defaced with the Badge of Colonial Seychelles
1961-1976 Flag of the Governor of Seychelles A Union Jack defaced with the Badge of Colonial Seychelles
1922 - 1956 Flag of the Governor General of the Sudan A Union Flag defaced with a white disk surrounded by a wreath of laurel. As no badge or coat of arms existed for Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, the disk instead contained the words "GOVERNOR GENERAL OF THE SUDAN..
1910 - 1961 Flag of the Governor General of Union of South Africa A blue flag with a Crown an a lion on top of the crown with the name of the Union of South Africa in English on top and in Afrikaans on bottom.
1955 – 1963 Flag of the British Resident of Zanzibar A Union Jack defaced with Coat of arms of British Resident of Zanzibar

Others

Flag Date Use Description
1600 – 1858 Flag of the English/British East India Company Numerous white and red stripes with the St George's Cross in the canton, the number of stripes was not determined.
1707 – 1800 Flag of the British East India Company Numerous white and red stripes with the Union Jack of Great Britain in the canton. Accepted to be one of the inspirations for the Grand Union Flag that eventually evolved into the Flag of the United States.
1801 – 1858 Flag of the British East India Company Numerous white and red stripes with the Union Jack of the United Kingdom in the canton.
Flag of the Hudson's Bay Company A Red Ensign defaced with the initials of the company.
1889 - 1961 Flag of the British South Africa Company A Union Jack with the logo of the British South Africa Company in the middle.
1889 - 1961 Ensign of the British South Africa Company A Blue Ensign defaced with the Symbol of the British South Africa Company
1801 – 1922 Flag of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland The Union Jack defaced with the Coat of Arms of Ireland.
Circa 1701 – post 1800 Green Ensign An unofficial merchant navy flag consisting of a green field with an earlier version of the golden harp and the Flag of England in the canton, no record of its actual use.
Post 1800 – c.1922 Green Ensign An unofficial merchant navy flag consisting of green field with golden harp and the Union Jack in the canton, no record of its actual use.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "About Us". College of Arms. Retrieved 2012-12-22. The College is also the authority for matters relating to the flying of flags, and holds the only official registers of flags for the UK and much of the Commonwealth. 
  2. ^ "Scottish Heraldic Flags". The Court of the Lord Lyon. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  3. ^ "UK Flag Registry". Flag Institute. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  4. ^ "Plain English guide to flying flags". Department for Communities and Local Government. November 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  5. ^ "The Union Flags and flags of the United Kingdom". Parliament.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  6. ^ Flag Institute – England
  7. ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Lords, Westminster. "Lords Hansard text for 18 Jan 200718 Jan 2007 (pt 0002)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  8. ^ Flag Institute – Scotland
  9. ^ "Northern Ireland on". FIFA.com. 2012-10-15. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  10. ^ "Member associations –". Uefa.com. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  11. ^ "Commonwealth Games Federation - Commonwealth Countries - Introduction". Thecgf.com. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  12. ^ Hansard, House of Commons, Westminster. "HC Deb 22 July 1986 vol 102 c111W: Northern Ireland Flag". 
  13. ^ Hansard, House of Commons, Westminster. "HC Deb 25 July 1986 vol 102 c571W: Flag of St. Patrick". 
  14. ^ "Royal banners, Order of the Thistle | Flickr - Photo Sharing!". Flickr. 2008-07-21. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  15. ^ "The Court of the Lord Lyon - The Lion Rampant Flag". Lyon-court.com. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ "Church of Ireland - A province of the Anglican Communion". Ireland.anglican.org. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  18. ^ Red Ensign Group
  19. ^ [2]
  20. ^ Red Ensign Group - Gibralter
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Registered in the UK Flags Registry
  22. ^ a b c d e Granted by the Lord Lyon
  23. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  24. ^ of Isle of Portland
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Bartram, Graham (2004). British Flags and Emblems. Tuckwell Press. pp. 64–65. ISBN . 
  26. ^ a b "Cumbria flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  27. ^ "CABINET 19 NOVEMBER 2008 MINUTES". Hertfordshire County Council. 2008. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  28. ^ a b "The Town and Country Planning (Control of Advertisements) (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2012". UK legislation. The National Archives. 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  29. ^ "Council flag plan causes flutter". BBC News. 26 September 2007. 
  30. ^ Ford, David Nash (2006). "The Berkshire Coat of Arms". Finchampstead, Berkshire: Royal Berkshire History. 
  31. ^ "Cambridgeshire County Flag". Flags, Flagpoles And Banners. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  32. ^ a b c Chosen in a BBC competition
  33. ^ a b c Chosen in a local competition
  34. ^ "Flag Calls Rejected By Council". Dorset Echo. 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-17. 
  35. ^ a b c d "County Durham flag with St Cuthbert's cross wins vote". BBC News. 21 November 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  36. ^ "East Sussex County Flag". Flags, Flagpoles And Banners. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  37. ^ "Greater Manchester". County Flags. Flying Colours Flagmakers. Retrieved 2013-08-11. 
  38. ^ "Hampshire flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  39. ^ "Hampshire". County Flags. Flying Colours Flagmakers. Retrieved 2013-08-11. 
  40. ^ "Herefordshire flag". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  41. ^ "Leicestershire flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  42. ^ "Merseyside County Flag". Flags, Flagpoles And Banners. Retrieved 2013-08-28. 
  43. ^ "Norfolk flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  44. ^ "UK Flag Registry". Flaginstitute.org. 2012-08-20. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  45. ^ "Oxfordshire (England)". Flags of the World. Retrieved 2012-12-04. ; Stranks, Margaret (2008-10-24). "lamp outside County Hall". Flickr. Retrieved 2012-12-04. 
  46. ^ "Oxfordshire". County Flags. Flying Colours Flagmakers. Retrieved 2013-08-11. 
  47. ^ "South Yorkshire". County Flags. Flying Colours Flagmakers. Retrieved 2013-08-11. 
  48. ^ "Staffordshire flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  49. ^ "Suffolk flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  50. ^ "Surrey flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  51. ^ "Surrey". County Flags. Flying Colours Flagmakers. Retrieved 2013-08-11. 
  52. ^ "Tyne & Wear". County Flags. Flying Colours Flagmakers. Retrieved 2013-08-11. 
  53. ^ "Warwickshire flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  54. ^ "The Bear and Ragged Staff". Warwickshire County Record Office. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  55. ^ "County Record Office - Bear and Ragged Staff - Warwickshire Web". Warwickshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  56. ^ "West Sussex County Flag". Flags, Flagpoles And Banners. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  57. ^ a b "Flying the flag for Wiltshire". Wiltshire Flag. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  58. ^ a b "Latest News | Wiltshire Council". Wiltshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  59. ^ "Worcestershire flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  60. ^ "UK Flag Registry". Flaginstitute.org. 2012-08-20. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  61. ^ "Flags". Tamworth Castle. Tamworth Borough Council. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  62. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  63. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  64. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  65. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  66. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  67. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  68. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  69. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  70. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  71. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  72. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  73. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  74. ^ "County Durham flag with St Cuthbert's cross wins vote". BBC News. 21 November 2013. 
  75. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  76. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  77. ^ Dorset flag flying outside Eland House
  78. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  79. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  80. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  81. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  82. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  83. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  84. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  85. ^ A banner of the Council's arms
  86. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  87. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  88. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  89. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  90. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  91. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  92. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  93. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  94. ^ Northamptonshire - designed by Brady Ells.
  95. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  96. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  97. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  98. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  99. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  100. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  101. ^ Enrolled by the Lord Lyon on the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland
  102. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  103. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  104. ^ Enrolled by the Lord Lyon on the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland
  105. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  106. ^ A banner of the Council's arms
  107. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  108. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  109. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  110. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  111. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  112. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  113. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  114. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  115. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  116. ^ New white rose East Riding flag unveiled at Beverley Minster - Hull Daily Mail
  117. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  118. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  119. ^ Flying the flag for the North Riding of Yorkshire - The Northern Echo
  120. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  121. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  122. ^ West Riding Flag – Winning Design - Yorkshire Boundary Society
  123. ^ Registered in the UK Registry
  124. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  125. ^ Portrayed flying over Edinburgh Castle c.1693 in a print by John Slezer in Theatrum Scotiae
  126. ^ Described in 1707 by Henry St George as the Scotts union flagg as said to be used by the Scotts: de Burton, Simon (1999-11-09). "How Scots lost battle of the standard". The Scotsman (Johnston Press plc). Retrieved 2009-06-30. Partial view at Encyclopedia.com
  127. ^ William McMillan and John Alexander Stewart (1925). The story of the Scottish flag. H. Hopkins. p. 112.  "This flag had official recognition"Google books:
  128. ^ Bartram, Graham (2005). British Flags & Emblems. Flag Institute/Tuckwell. p. 122.  "Unofficial 1606 Scottish Union Flag"Google books:
  129. ^ The flag is the colonial flag which replaced the "Vierkleur" of the South African Republic (horizonally red, white and blue with a vertical green stripe at the hoist).

External links

  • United Kingdom at Flags of the World
  • British Monarchy - Union Flag
  • Royal.gov.uk- The Union Flag
  • Britishflags.net
  • The Flag Institute
  • World Flag Database
  • UK Department of Culture- Ceremonial and Flag Flying
  • British Armed forces flag - Ministry of Defence
  • British Armed forces Grenadiers Colour
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