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List of historical separatist movements

 

List of historical separatist movements

This is a list of historical separatist movements around the world. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. Most separatist movements do not succeed in their goal, therefore only notable ones are listed here; however, not all listed here succeeded in their goal.

Contents

  • Africa 1
    • Algeria 1.1
    • Angola 1.2
    • Botswana 1.3
    • Burundi 1.4
    • Cameroon 1.5
    • Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau 1.6
    • Central African Republic 1.7
    • Democratic Republic of the Congo 1.8
    • Côte d'Ivoire 1.9
    • Egypt 1.10
    • Eritrea 1.11
    • France 1.12
    • Ghana 1.13
    • Katanga 1.14
    • Kenya 1.15
    • Mali 1.16
    • Mauritius 1.17
    • Morocco 1.18
    • Mozambique 1.19
    • Namibia 1.20
    • Niger 1.21
    • Nigeria 1.22
    • São Tomé and Príncipe 1.23
    • Seychelles 1.24
    • Sierra Leone 1.25
    • Somalia 1.26
    • Sudan 1.27
    • Tanganyika 1.28
    • Tunisia 1.29
    • Uganda 1.30
    • Zambia 1.31
    • Zanzibar 1.32
    • Zimbabwe 1.33
  • Asia 2
    • Bangladesh 2.1
    • Burma 2.2
    • Cambodia 2.3
    • India 2.4
    • Indonesia 2.5
    • Japan 2.6
    • Kazakhstan 2.7
    • Laos 2.8
    • Malaysia 2.9
    • Maldives 2.10
    • Mongolia 2.11
    • North Korea 2.12
    • Oman 2.13
    • Pakistan 2.14
    • Philippines 2.15
    • Singapore 2.16
    • South Korea 2.17
    • Sri Lanka 2.18
    • Syria 2.19
    • Vietnam 2.20
    • Yemen 2.21
  • Europe 3
    • Albania 3.1
    • Armenia 3.2
    • Azerbaijan 3.3
    • Belarus 3.4
    • Belgium 3.5
    • Bulgaria 3.6
    • Cyprus 3.7
    • Czech Republic 3.8
    • Estonia 3.9
    • Finland 3.10
    • France 3.11
    • Germany 3.12
    • Georgia 3.13
    • Greece 3.14
    • Ireland 3.15
    • Italy 3.16
    • Latvia 3.17
    • Lithuania 3.18
    • Republic of Macedonia 3.19
    • Moldova 3.20
    • Poland 3.21
    • Serbia 3.22
    • Slovakia 3.23
    • Spain 3.24
    • Ukraine 3.25
    • United Kingdom (and associated territories) 3.26
    • Yugoslavia 3.27
  • North America 4
    • Antigua and Barbuda 4.1
    • Belize 4.2
    • Bahamas 4.3
    • British West Indies 4.4
    • Canada 4.5
      • Secessionist 4.5.1
      • Autonomist 4.5.2
    • Costa Rica 4.6
    • Dominica 4.7
    • Guyana 4.8
    • Jamaica 4.9
    • Haiti 4.10
    • Mexico 4.11
    • Nicaragua 4.12
    • Panama 4.13
    • Trinidad and Tobago 4.14
    • United States 4.15
      • Puerto Rico 4.15.1
  • South America 5
    • Brazil 5.1
    • Colombia 5.2
    • Peru 5.3
    • Spanish America 5.4
  • Oceania 6
    • Australia 6.1
    • Fiji 6.2
    • Kiribati 6.3
    • New Zealand 6.4
    • Papua New Guinea 6.5
    • Samoa 6.6
    • Solomon Islands 6.7
    • Vanuatu 6.8
  • See also 7
  • References 8

Africa

Algeria

(gained independence from France on July 5, 1962)

Angola

Botswana

Burundi

Cameroon

Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau

Central African Republic

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Côte d'Ivoire

Egypt

Eritrea

France

Autonomist movement

[1]

Ghana

Katanga

Kenya

Mali

Mauritius

Morocco

Mozambique

Namibia

Niger

Nigeria

São Tomé and Príncipe

Seychelles

Sierra Leone

Somalia

Sudan

Tanganyika

Tunisia

Uganda

Zambia

Zanzibar

Zimbabwe

Asia

Bangladesh

Burma

Cambodia

India

Indonesia

Japan

Kazakhstan

Laos

Malaysia

Maldives

Mongolia

North Korea

Oman

Pakistan

Philippines

Singapore

South Korea

Sri Lanka

Sri Lankan Tamil people

Syria

Vietnam

Yemen

Europe

Albania

Armenia

Azerbaijan

Belarus

Belgium

Bulgaria

  • Political party: Internal Revolutionary Organisation

Cyprus

  • Rebel organizations: Turkish Resistance Organisation

Czech Republic

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Georgia

Greece

(gained independence from Ottoman Empire after the Greek War of Independence)

Ireland

(See also under UK, for pre-division Ireland)

Italy

Latvia

Lithuania

Republic of Macedonia

Albanian-inhabited communities in SR Macedonia and Republic of Macedonia
Serbian-inhabited communities in SR Macedonia

Moldova

Poland

Serbia

Slovakia

Spain

Ukraine

United Kingdom (and associated territories)

Yugoslavia

Republic of Croatia (SR Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia)
Republic of Kosovo (AP Kosovo and Metohija, SR Serbia, FR Yugoslavia)
Preševo Valley (SR Serbia, FR Yugoslavia)

North America

Antigua and Barbuda

Belize

Bahamas

British West Indies

Canada

Secessionist

Autonomist

Costa Rica

Dominica

Guyana

Jamaica

Haiti

  • Cacos (anti-US occupation)

Mexico

Secessionist

Nicaragua

Panama

Trinidad and Tobago

United States

Puerto Rico

  • Autonomist Party
Popular Democratic Party (PPD)
  • Anti-Colonial National Liberation Movement
Puerto Rican Independence Movement
Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño (PIP)

South America

Brazil

Secessionist

Colombia

Peru

Spanish America

Oceania

Australia

Fiji

Kiribati

New Zealand

Papua New Guinea

  • Political party: Papua Besena
  • Regional separatist movements: Highlands Liberation Front, Wahgi Tuale, Wok Meri or Kafaina[4]

Samoa

Solomon Islands

Vanuatu

See also

References

  1. ^ Cairn Article (in French) "De son côté, le parti communiste s’impose à La Réunion comme la principale formation politique après avoir abjuré son mot d’ordre d’autonomie"
  2. ^ Peacehalle.com
  3. ^ Petrow, Stefan (2006). "Secession". http://www.utas.edu.au/. University of Tasmania, Australia - Centre for Tasmanian Historical Studies. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  4. ^ [2]
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