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List of materials properties

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Title: List of materials properties  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Integrated computational materials engineering, Thermal conductivity, Isotropy, Chemical properties, Physical property
Collection: Chemical Properties, Materials Science, Physical Quantities
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List of materials properties

A material's property is an intensive, often quantitative, property of some material. Quantitative properties may be used as a metric by which the benefits of one material versus another can be assessed, thereby aiding in materials selection.

A property may be a constant or may be a function of one or more independent variables, such as temperature. Materials properties often vary to some degree according to the direction in the material in which they are measured, a condition referred to as anisotropy. Materials properties that relate to different physical phenomena often behave linearly (or approximately so) in a given operating range. Modeling them as linear can significantly simplify the differential constitutive equations that the property describes.

Some materials properties are used in relevant equations to predict the attributes of a system a priori. For example, if a material of a known specific heat gains or loses a known amount of heat, the temperature change of that material can be determined. Materials properties are most reliably measured by standardized test methods. Many such test methods have been documented by their respective user communities and published through ASTM International.

Contents

  • Acoustical properties 1
  • Atomic properties 2
  • Chemical properties 3
  • Electrical properties 4
  • Environmental properties 5
  • Magnetic properties 6
  • Manufacturing properties 7
  • Mechanical properties 8
  • Optical properties 9
  • Radiological properties 10
  • Thermal properties 11
  • See also 12

Acoustical properties

Atomic properties

Chemical properties

Electrical properties

Environmental properties

Magnetic properties

Manufacturing properties

Mechanical properties

Optical properties

Radiological properties

Thermal properties

See also

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