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List of metropolitan areas in Africa

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List of metropolitan areas in Africa

This is a list of the largest urban agglomerations in Africa. Figures are from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects report, as well as from citypopulation.de. Figures for administrative areas are also given.

Rank City Country Administrative area[1] Agglomeration Image
(2010; UN WUP)[2] (2010-01-01;
citypopulation.de)
[3]
1 Lagos  Nigeria 13,400,000 (2007)[4] 17,578,000 21,000,000[5]
2 Cairo  Egypt 7,786,640 (2006)
Governorate
11,001,000 15,200,000
3 Kinshasa-Brazzaville  Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Republic of the Congo
5,528,000 (1998) Province (Kinshasa)[6]
1,373,382 (2007) Capital District (Brazzaville)
8,754,000 11,300,000
4 Greater Johannesburg  South Africa 3,888,180 (2007)
2 adjoining Metropolitan municipalities
3,670,000 7,550,000[7]
5 Mogadishu  Somalia 2,855,800 (2011) 6,346,000 5,845,000
6 Khartoum-Omdurman  Sudan 2,919,773 (1993)
3 principal cities of the Khartoum agglomeration
5,172,000 4,975,000
7 Dar es Salaam  Tanzania 4,364,541 (2012)
Mkoa
4,364,541 4,700,000
8 Alexandria  Egypt 4,110,015 (2006)
Governorate
4,387,000 4,575,000
9 Abidjan  Ivory Coast 4,210,200 (2002)
Département
4,125,000 4,400,000
10 Casablanca  Morocco 4 055 807(2012)
Région
3,284,000 3,975,000
11 Cape Town  South Africa 3,497,097 (2007)
Metropolitan municipality
3,405,000 3,775,000
12 Durban  South Africa 3,468,086 (2007)
Metropolitan municipality
2,879,000 3,650,000
13 Accra  Ghana 1,659,136 (2000)
District (Accra Metropolitan Area)
2,342,000 3,575,000
14 Nairobi  Kenya 3,138,295 (2009)
Nairobi administrative area
3,523,000 3,500,000
15 Kano  Nigeria 2,153,225 (2006)
6 local government areas of Kano proper
3,395,000 9,383,682
16 Ibadan  Nigeria 1,338,659 (2006)
5 local government areas of Ibadan proper
2,837,000 3,375,000
17 Algiers  Algeria 2,947,461 (2008)
Wilaya
2,800,000 3,175,000
18 Addis Ababa  Ethiopia 2,738,248 (2007)
Astedader
2,930,000 3,100,000
19 Luanda  Angola 1,823,282 (2002)
Provincia
4,772,000 3,100,000
20 Dakar  Senegal 2,452,656 (2005)
Région
2,863,000 2,675,000
21 Pretoria  South Africa 2,345,908 (2007)
Metropolitan municipality
1,429,000 2,525,000
22 Tripoli 2,222,000 (2006)
Mutsarfiyah
2,267,000 2,325,000
23 Harare  Zimbabwe 1,903,510 (2002)
Province
1,632,000 2,300,000
24 Douala  Cameroon 1,514,978 (2001)
Wouri département
2,125,000 2,200,000
25 Niamey  Niger 2,100,000 (2013)
Province
2,110,000 2,111,000
26 Hargeisa  Somalia 1,414,978 (2011) 1,340,000 2,290,000
27 Abuja  Nigeria 1,405,201 (2006)
Federal Capital Territory
1,995,000 Not listed
27 Lusaka  Zambia 1,742,979 1,799,682 [8] 1,985,733 [9]
28 Kampala  Uganda 1,337,900 (2005)
District
1,598,000 1,970,000
29 Bamako  Mali 1,215,335 (2005)
District
1,699,000 1,920,000
30 Maputo  Mozambique 1,099,102 (2007)
Province-level city
1,655,000 1,910,000
31 Rabat  Morocco 627,932 (2004)
Préfecture
1,802,000 1,890,000
32 Antananarivo  Madagascar 1,879,000 1,860,000
33 Yaoundé  Cameroon 1,248,235 (2001)
Mfoundi département
1,801,000 1,750,000
34 Ouagadougou  Burkina Faso 1,475,223 (2006)
Municipality
1,908,000 1,700,000
35 Conakry  Guinea 1,092,936 (1996)
Région
1,653,000 1,690,000
36 Kaduna  Nigeria 760,084 (2006)
2 local government areas of Kaduna
1,561,000 1,670,000
37 Kumasi  Ghana 1,171,311 (2000)
District (Kumasi Metropolitan Area)
1,834,000 1,630,000
38 Lubumbashi  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,543,000 1,570,000
39 Mbuji-Mayi  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,488,000 1,520,000
40 Oran  Algeria 634,112 (1998)
Commune
770,000 1,260,000
41 Benin  Nigeria 1,302,000 1,240,000
42 Port Harcourt  Nigeria 541,116 (2006)
Local government area
1,104,000 1,230,000
43 Tunis  Tunisia 911,643 (2005)
Municipality
1,108,000 1,210,000
44 Freetown  Sierra Leone 947,122 (2004)
Western Area province
901,000 1,200,000
45 Cotonou  Benin 665,100 (2002)
Commune
844,000 1,150,000
46 Vereeniging  South Africa 800,819 (2007)
District municipality
1,143,000 Not listed
47 Fès  Morocco 977,946 (2004)
Préfecture
1,065,000 1,110,000
48 Maiduguri  Nigeria 521,492 (2006)
Local government area
970,000 1,100,000
49 Monrovia  Liberia 1,010,970 (2008)
Municipality
827,000 1,080,000
50 Port Elizabeth  South Africa 1,050,930 (2007)
Metropolitan municipality (Nelson Mandela Bay)
1,068,000 1,070,000
51 Huambo  Angola 1,034,000 Not listed
52 Ogbomosho  Nigeria 1,032,000 Not listed
53 Zaria  Nigeria 408,198 (2006)
Local government area
963,000 1,030,000
54 Ndjamena  Chad 829,000 1,020,000

See also

References


-- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p
  1. ^ Latest figures from national census authority
  2. ^ United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects (2009 revision)
  3. ^ Thomas Brinkoff, The Principal Agglomerations of the World
  4. ^
  5. ^ cfr.org
  6. ^ http://www.statistiques-mondiales.com/congo_kinshasa.htm
  7. ^ Includes Ekurhuleni, which is listed separately by the UN with a population of 3,157,000
  8. ^ geohive.com
  9. ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/sources/census/2010_phc/Zambia/PreliminaryReport.pdf

External links

  • Geopolis
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