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List of monarchs by nickname

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Title: List of monarchs by nickname  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Epithets, John IV of Portugal, Constantine VII, Epithet, Maria II of Portugal
Collection: Epithets, Lists of Monarchs, Lists of People by Nickname
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

List of monarchs by nickname

This is a list of monarchs (and other royalty and nobility) sorted by nickname. This list is divided into two parts:

  • Cognomens: Also called cognomina. These are names which are appended before or after the person's name, like the epitheton necessarium, or Roman victory titles. Examples are "William the Conqueror" for William I of England, and "Frederick Barbarossa" for Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • Sobriquets: Names which have become identified with a particular person, and are recognizable when used instead of the personal name. Some are used only in a particular context: for example, "Grandmother of Europe" for Queen Victoria is generally only used when referring to her family links throughout the royal families of Europe. On the other hand, in some cases the nickname supersedes the personal name, and the individual is referred to by this nickname even in scholarly works:for example, Roman emperor Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus is universally known by his nickname Caligula.


  • Nicknames are listed in each section alphabetically, ignoring articles and prepositions.
  • Non-English words are rendered in italics, and translated where possible.
  • When the name and nickname are rendered in a non-English language, the nickname will be in boldface italics.


A swung dash (~) is used to indicate where the personal name occurs in the nickname; thus "~ the Accursed" means "Sviatopolk the Accursed".
















  • "The Oath-Taker": Henry III of Reuss (1337-1378)
  • "The Oberhofrichter": Henry of Reuss-Plauen (1271-1303)
  • "The Old" (Cat. el Vell, Fr. l'Ancien, le Vieux, Nor. den Gamle, Pol. Stary, Rum. cel Batran, Sp. el Velloso, Swe. den Gamle):
    • Albert I of Carpi,
    • Albert II of Wedenberg-Heiligenberg (1327-1370)
    • Arnulf I, Count of Flanders
    • Aunn of Sweden
    • Basarab Laiota, Prince of Wallachia
    • Boso I, Count of La Marche
    • Boso III of Turin
    • Conrad III of Silesia
    • Emund II of Sweden
    • Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Kalenberg, 1495-1540
    • Frederick the Great (Prussia), also named "the Old Fritz" (der Alte Fritz)
    • George V, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, 1620-1623
    • Haakon IV of Norway
    • Michael II of Beloozero (1432-1486)
    • Mieszko III of Poland
    • Mircea of Wallachia (1386-1418)
    • Raymond VI of Toulouse
    • Raymond Berengar I, Count of Barcelona
    • Rudolph II (d.1232), Count of Habsburg
    • Sigismund I of Poland
    • Theodore II of Beloozero (13??-1380)
    • William, Count of Nassau, 1538-1559
  • "The Old Dessauer": Leopold of Anhalt-Dessau
  • "The One-Eyed" (Ger. der Einaugige):
    • John II, Count of Holstein
    • William, Landgrave of Thuringia
  • "~ the Old":
  • "~ the One-Eyed":
  • "The Oppressed" (Ger. der Bedrängte): Dietrich, Margrave of Meissen
  • "The Orphan": Henry I of Reuss (1250-1295)
  • "~ the Outlaw": Edgar Ætheling of England
  • "~ d'Outremer" (French, "from Overseas"): Louis IV of France











See also


  • Castro, Jesus de. "IBERCRONOX." [3]
  • Gordon, Bruce R. "Regnal Chronologies." [4]. April 2005.
  • "List of Wallachian, Moldavian and Romanian Sovereigns, 1310-1947" [5]
  • Marek, Miroslav. "GENEALOGY.EU." [6], June 2005
  • Miller, Elizabeth. "Dracula's Homepage." [7]
  • Mladjoy, Ian S. R. [8].
  • Ross, Martha. Rulers and Governments of the World - Vol 1, Earliest Times to 1491, Bowker Publishing Company Ltd, London & New York, 1978. ISBN 0-85935-051-7
  • Vajda, Edward. "Eurasian Studies 201." [9]


  1. ^ Strategypage

External links

  • Regnal Chronologies
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