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List of non-marine molluscs of India

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Title: List of non-marine molluscs of India  
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Subject: Fauna of India, List of amphibians of India, List of ants of India, List of mammals of India, Biosphere reserves of India
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List of non-marine molluscs of India

Location of India

The non-marine molluscs of India are a part of the molluscan fauna of India.

There are 5070 species of marine and non-marine molluscs living in the wild in India.[1] There are 3371 species of marine molluscs in India.[2]

There are 1671 species of non-marine molluscs living in the wild in India. This includes 1488 terrestrial species in 140 genera and 183 freshwater species in 53 genera.[2]

There are a total of species of gastropods, which breaks down to ?? species of freshwater gastropods, and 1488 species of land gastropods, plus ?? species of bivalves living in the wild.

Summary table of number of species
freshwater gastropods ??
land gastropods 1488 (??? species of snails and ??? species of slugs)
gastropods altogether ???
bivalves ??
non-marine molluscs altogether 1671
non-indigenous gastropods in the wild ? freshwater and ? land
non-indigenous synanthropic gastropods ?
non-indigenous bivalves in the wild ?
non-indigenous synanthropic bivalves ?
non-indigenous molluscs altogether ?

Freshwater gastropods












Land gastropods

An unidentified snail from Nandi Hills, India.
A sinistral snail from Torna Fort, Pune District, Maharashtra, India
an unidentified gastropod from Kodachadri, southwestern India
an unidentified gastropod from India
closeup to an unidentified gastropod from India
an unidentified gastropod from India. This snail has the caudal mucous pit on its tail end.

Species of gastropods of India include:[2][7][8][9]











Staffordiidae - this family lives only in India[11]


Indrella ampulla is a large tropical snail from the Western Ghats of India.


A slug from the Western Ghats of India. The species is tentatively identified as Mariaella dussumieri, family Ariophantidae












Freshwater bivalves

See also


  1. ^ Alfred, J.R.B. (1998) Faunal Diversity in India: An Overview: In Faunal Diversity in India, i-viii, 1-495. (Editors. Alfred, JRB, et al., 1998). ENVIS Centre, Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta.
  2. ^ a b c Aravind N. A., Rajshekhar K. P. & Madhaystha N. A. Patterns of Land Snail Distribution in the Western Ghats. last change 10 October 2006, accessed 1 March 2009.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab (file created 29 July 2010) FRESH WATER MOLLUSCAN SPECIES IN INDIA. 11 pp. accessed 31 July 2010.
  4. ^ Davis G. S. (1996). Tricula montana. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 7 August 2007.
  5. ^ Madhyastha A. (2010). Melanoides tuberculatus. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. . Downloaded on 3 December 2010.
  6. ^ Liu L. et al. (2010) "The phylogeography of Indoplanorbis exustus (Gastropoda: Planorbidae) in Asia". Parasites & Vectors 3: 57. doi:10.1186/1756-3305-3-57.
  7. ^ Madhyastha N. A. & Kamalesh D. Mumbrekar The land snails of Sharavathi river basin, Karnataka, India.
  8. ^ Mavinkurve R. G., Shanbhag S. P. & Madhyastha N. A. 2004. Checklist of terrestrial gastropods of Karnataka, India. Zoos' Print Journal 19(11):1684-1686.
  9. ^ Terrestrial fauna of Tamil Nadu accessed 1 March 2009.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Ramakrishna, Dey A. & Mitra S. C. (PDF created 6 April 2010). "Checklist of Indian Land Mollusca". Zoological Survey of India. accessed 30 June 2010. 65 pp.
  11. ^ Hausdorf B. (2000). "Biogeography of the Limacoidea sensu lato (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): Vicariance Events and Long-Distance Dispersal". Journal of Biogeography 27(2): 379-390. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00403.x, JSTOR.
  12. ^ Sutcharit C., Naggs F., Wade C. M., Fontanilla I. & Panha S. (2010). "The new family Diapheridae, a new species of Diaphera Albers from Thailand, and the position of the Diapheridae within a molecular phylogeny of the Streptaxoidea (Pulmonata: Stylommatophora)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 160: 1-16. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00598.x.

Further reading

(sorted chronologically)

  • Henry Haversham Godwin-Austen 1920. Land and freshwater mollusca of India, including South Arabia, Baluchistan, Afghanistan, Kashmir, Nepal, Burmah, Pegu, Tenasserim, Malay Peninsula, Ceylon, and other islands of the Indian Ocean, supplementary to Messrs. Theobald and Hanley's Conchologia Indica. Volume III. Taylor & Francis, London. - The volume III. include Glessula species only.
  • 1908-1915. The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Mollusca.
  • Satyamurti S. T. 1960. Land and freshwater mollusca in the collection of the Madras Government museum. Natural History Section New Series, Vol. VI, No.4., 174 pp.
  • Raut S. K. & Ghose K.C. 1984. Pestiferous land snails of India. Technical Monograph No. 11 Zool. Surv. India, 1-151.
  • Subba Rao, N.V., Thakur D. K. & Mitra S. C. 1989. Mollusca (Terrestrial). Fauna of Orissa Part – II. State fauna Series: 1 Ed: Director, Zoological Survey of India P., 253–276.
  • Subba Rao N.V. & Mitra S. C. 1993. Land Molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occ. Paper No. 126, 88 pp.
  • H. Nesemann, S. Gopaö & K. S. Ravindra (2003) The Bivalvia of the Ganga River and adjacent stagnant water bodies in Patna (Bihar, India) with special reference on Unionacea. Acta Conchyliorum, 43 pages, include 9 tables, 31 figures.
  • S. C. Mitra, A. Dey & Ramakrishna (2005) Pictorial handbook: Indian land snails . 4 + 344 pp.
  • Nesemann H. & Sharma S., Sharma G., Khanal S. N., Pradhan B., Shah D. N. & Tachamo R. D. (2007) Aquatic Invertebrates of the Ganga River System, Vol. 1. (Mollusca, Annelida, Crustacea), 263 pp., 76 (12 colour) plates with 748 figures. ISBN 978-99946-2-674-8.
  • Ramakrishna & A. Dey (2007) Indian Freshwater Molluscs. 399 pp., 279 color figures in text, hardcover.

External links

  • Sahyadri: Western Ghats Biodiversity Information System. issue 20. Mollusca.
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