World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of the Presidents of the United States Senate

Article Id: WHEBN0013814853
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of the Presidents of the United States Senate  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: United States Capitol, United States Senate Vice Presidential Bust Collection, Acting Vice President of the United States, List of former members of the United States House of Representatives, Official Congressional Directory
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of the Presidents of the United States Senate

President of the United States Senate
Official seal
Incumbent
Joe Biden

since January 20, 2009
Style The Honorable
(Diplomatic)
Mister President
(Within the Senate)
Inaugural holder John Langdon
April 6, 1789
Formation U.S. Constitution
March 4, 1789
Succession Second

The Vice President of the United States is designated by the Constitution as, ex officio, President of the United States Senate. However, during a vacancy in the office (such as that caused by death, resignation or presidential succession), the President pro tempore of the United States Senate serves as the permanent President of the Senate. Until the ratification of the 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution, there was no mechanism to replace a Vice President until the next presidential election.

List of Senate Presidents

This list includes Vice Presidents and Presidents pro tempore who served as a "Presiding Officer of the Senate" (not including senators who presided over sessions temporarily in the place of the sitting President).

President Term Elected position
Senate President pro tempore U.S. Vice President
John Langdon April 6, 1789 –
April 21, 1789
President pro tempore  
John Adams April 21, 1789 –
March 4, 1797
  U.S. Vice President
Thomas Jefferson March 4, 1797 –
March 4, 1801
  U.S. Vice President
Aaron Burr March 4, 1801 –
March 4, 1805
  U.S. Vice President
George Clinton March 4, 1805 –
April 20, 1812
  U.S. Vice President
William H. Crawford April 20, 1812 –
March 4, 1813
President pro tempore  
Elbridge Gerry March 4, 1813 –
November 23, 1814
  U.S. Vice President
John Gaillard November 25, 1814 –
March 4, 1817
President pro tempore  
Daniel Tompkins March 4, 1817 –
March 4, 1825
  U.S. Vice President
John C. Calhoun March 4, 1825 –
December 28, 1832
  U.S. Vice President
Hugh Lawson White December 28, 1832 –
March 4, 1833
President pro tempore  
Martin Van Buren March 4, 1833 –
March 4, 1837
  U.S. Vice President
Richard Mentor Johnson March 4, 1837 –
March 4, 1841
  U.S. Vice President
John Tyler March 4, 1841 –
April 4, 1841
  U.S. Vice President
Samuel L. Southard April 4, 1841 –
May 31, 1842
President pro tempore  
Willie P. Mangum May 31, 1842 –
March 4, 1845
President pro tempore  
George M. Dallas March 4, 1845 –
March 4, 1849
  U.S. Vice President
Millard Fillmore March 4, 1849 –
July 9, 1850
  U.S. Vice President
Vacant July 9, 1850 –
July 11, 1850[1]
William R. King July 11, 1850 –
December 20, 1852
President pro tempore  
David Rice Atchison December 20, 1852 –
March 4, 1853
President pro tempore  
William R. King March 4, 1853 –
April 18, 1853
  U.S. Vice President
David Rice Atchison April 18, 1853 –
December 4, 1854
President pro tempore  
Lewis Cass December 4, 1854 President pro tempore  
Jesse D. Bright December 5, 1854 –
June 9, 1856
President pro tempore  
Charles E. Stuart June 9, 1856 –
June 10, 1856
President pro tempore  
Jesse D. Bright June 11, 1856 –
January 6, 1857
President pro tempore  
James Murray Mason January 6, 1857 –
March 4, 1857
President pro tempore  
John C. Breckinridge March 4, 1857 –
March 4, 1861
  U.S. Vice President
Hannibal Hamlin March 4, 1861 –
March 4, 1865
  U.S. Vice President
Andrew Johnson March 4, 1865 –
April 15, 1865
  U.S. Vice President
Lafayette S. Foster April 15, 1865 –
March 2, 1867
President pro tempore  
Benjamin Wade March 2, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
President pro tempore  
Schuyler Colfax March 4, 1869 –
March 4, 1873
  U.S. Vice President
Henry Wilson March 4, 1873 –
November 22, 1875
  U.S. Vice President
Thomas W. Ferry November 22, 1875 –
March 4, 1877
President pro tempore  
William A. Wheeler March 4, 1877 –
March 4, 1881
  U.S. Vice President
Chester A. Arthur March 4, 1881 –
September 19, 1881
  U.S. Vice President
Vacant September 19, 1881 –
October 10, 1881[2]
Thomas F. Bayard October 10, 1881 –
October 13, 1881
President pro tempore  
David Davis III October 13, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
President pro tempore  
George F. Edmunds December 3, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
President pro tempore  
Thomas A. Hendricks March 4, 1885 –
November 25, 1885
  U.S. Vice President
Vacant November 25, 1885 –
December 7, 1885[3]
John Sherman December 7, 1885 –
February 26, 1887
President pro tempore  
John James Ingalls February 26, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
President pro tempore  
Levi P. Morton March 4, 1889 –
March 4, 1893
  U.S. Vice President
Adlai E. Stevenson I March 4, 1893 –
March 4, 1897
  U.S. Vice President
Garret Hobart March 4, 1897 –
November 21, 1899
  U.S. Vice President
William P. Frye November 21, 1899 –
March 4, 1901
President pro tempore  
Theodore Roosevelt March 4, 1901 –
September 14, 1901
  U.S. Vice President
William P. Frye September 14, 1901 –
March 4, 1905
President pro tempore  
Charles W. Fairbanks March 4, 1905 –
March 4, 1909
  U.S. Vice President
James S. Sherman March 4, 1909 –
October 30, 1912
  U.S. Vice President
Augustus Octavius Bacon October 30, 1912 –
December 15, 1912
President pro tempore
(rotating)
U.S. Vice President
Jacob Harold Gallinger December 16, 1912 –
January 4, 1913
President pro tempore
(rotating)
U.S. Vice President
Augustus Octavius Bacon January 5, 1913 –
January 18, 1913
President pro tempore
(rotating)
U.S. Vice President
Jacob Harold Gallinger January 19, 1913 –
February 1, 1913
President pro tempore
(rotating)
U.S. Vice President
Augustus Octavius Bacon February 2, 1913 –
February 15, 1913
President pro tempore
(rotating)
U.S. Vice President
Jacob Harold Gallinger February 16, 1913 –
March 3, 1913
President pro tempore
(rotating)
U.S. Vice President
Thomas R. Marshall March 4, 1913 –
March 4, 1921
  U.S. Vice President
Calvin Coolidge March 4, 1921 –
August 2, 1923
  U.S. Vice President
Albert B. Cummins August 2, 1923 –
March 4, 1925
President pro tempore  
Charles G. Dawes March 4, 1925 –
March 4, 1929
  U.S. Vice President
Charles Curtis March 4, 1929 –
March 4, 1933
  U.S. Vice President
John Nance Garner March 4, 1933 –
January 20, 1941
  U.S. Vice President
Henry A. Wallace January 20, 1941 –
January 20, 1945
  U.S. Vice President
Harry S. Truman January 20, 1945 –
April 12, 1945
  U.S. Vice President
Kenneth McKellar April 12, 1945 –
January 4, 1947
President pro tempore  
Arthur H. Vandenberg January 4, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
President pro tempore  
Kenneth McKellar January 3, 1949 –
January 20, 1949
President pro tempore  
Alben W. Barkley January 20, 1949 –
January 20, 1953
  U.S. Vice President
Richard Nixon January 20, 1953 –
January 20, 1961
  U.S. Vice President
Lyndon B. Johnson January 20, 1961 –
November 22, 1963
  U.S. Vice President
Carl Hayden November 22, 1963 –
January 20, 1965
President pro tempore  
Hubert Humphrey January 20, 1965 –
January 20, 1969
  U.S. Vice President
Spiro Agnew January 20, 1969 –
October 10, 1973
  U.S. Vice President
James Eastland October 10, 1973 –
December 6, 1973
President pro tempore  
Gerald Ford December 6, 1973 –
August 9, 1974
  U.S. Vice President
James Eastland August 9, 1974 –
December 19, 1974
President pro tempore  
Nelson Rockefeller December 19, 1974 –
January 20, 1977
  U.S. Vice President
Walter Mondale January 20, 1977 –
January 20, 1981
  U.S. Vice President
George H. W. Bush January 20, 1981 –
July 13, 1985
  U.S. Vice President
Strom Thurmond July 13, 1985[4] President pro tempore  
George H. W. Bush July 13, 1985 –
January 20, 1989
  U.S. Vice President
Dan Quayle January 20, 1989 –
January 20, 1993
  U.S. Vice President
Al Gore January 20, 1993 –
January 20, 2001
  U.S. Vice President
Dick Cheney January 20, 2001 –
June 29, 2002
  U.S. Vice President
Robert Byrd June 29, 2002[5] President pro tempore  
Dick Cheney June 29, 2002 –
July 21, 2007
  U.S. Vice President
Robert Byrd July 21, 2007[6] President pro tempore  
Dick Cheney July 21, 2007 –
January 20, 2009
  U.S. Vice President
Joe Biden January 20, 2009 –
present
  U.S. Vice President

Notes

  1. ^ When President Zachary Taylor died July 9, 1850 there was no sitting president pro tempore of the Senate. There was a vacancy in the presidency of the Senate until William R. King was elected president pro tempore of the Senate July 11, 1850.
  2. ^ When President James A. Garfield died September 19, 1881 there was no sitting president pro tempore of the Senate. There was a vacancy in the presidency of the Senate until Thomas F. Bayard was elected president pro tempore of the Senate October 10, 1881.
  3. ^ When Vice President Thomas A. Hendricks died November 25, 1885 there was no sitting president pro tempore of the Senate. There was a vacancy in the presidency of the Senate until John Sherman was elected president pro tempore of the Senate December 7, 1885.
  4. ^ Thurmond was the presiding officer of the Senate from 11:28 a.m. until 7:22 p.m. while Vice President George H. W. Bush served as Acting President pursuant to President Ronald Reagan's invocation of the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution to declare his temporary incapacity while undergoing surgery.
  5. ^ Byrd was the presiding officer of the Senate from 7:09 a.m. until 9:24 a.m. while Vice President Dick Cheney served as Acting President pursuant to President George W. Bush's invocation of the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution to declare his temporary incapacity while undergoing a colonoscopy that required sedation.
  6. ^ Byrd was the presiding officer of the Senate from 7:16 a.m. until 9:21 a.m. while Vice President Dick Cheney served as Acting President pursuant to President George W. Bush's invocation of the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution to declare his temporary incapacity while undergoing a colonoscopy that required sedation.

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.