World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Little War (Cuba)

Article Id: WHEBN0004373553
Reproduction Date:

Title: Little War (Cuba)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ramón Blanco, 1st Marquis of Peña Plata, Spanish–American War, LGBT history in Cuba, Boxing in Cuba, Balseros (rafters)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Little War (Cuba)

The Little War or Small War (Spanish: Guerra Chiquita) was the second of three conflicts between Cuban rebels and Spain. It started on 26 August 1879 and after some minor successes ended in rebel defeat in September 1880. It followed the Ten Years' War of 1868–78 and preceded the final war of 1895–98, which resulted in American intervention and Cuban independence.

Origins

Calixto Garcia.

The war had the same origins as the Spanish rule of Cuba. This met with approval amongst other revolutionary leaders, and war began on August 26, 1879.[1]

The war

The revolution was led by Calixto Garcia, having been one of the few revolutionary leaders who did not sign the Pact of Zanjón. Among the other prominent leaders were Jose Maceo (the brother of Antonio Maceo), Guillermo Moncada, Emilo Nuñez.[2] The revolutionaries faced many problems which were difficult to overcome. They lacked experienced leaders other than García, and they had a dire shortage of weapons and ammunition. Further, they had no foreign allies to help them, and the population was both exhausted from the Ten Years' War and lacked faith in the possibility of victory, desiring peace instead.[3] In the west of the island, most of the revolutionary leaders were arrested. The rest of the leaders were forced to capitulate throughout 1879 and 1880, and by September 1880, the rebels had been completely defeated.[1]

Aftermath

Although the Spanish had made promises of reform, they were ineffective. The Spanish Constitution of 1876 was applied to Cuba in 1881, but this changed little. Although Cuba was able to send representatives to the Cortes Generales, the Spanish parliament, in practise the representatives were among the most conservative in Cuba, and thus little was changed.[1]

The lack of any true reform resulted in another uprising 15 years later, the Cuban War of Independence, which came to be known as the War of '95. The experience gained by the revolutionary generals in the Little War was a great help to them, and following the War of '95 and the linked Spanish-American War, Cuba gained independence from Spain.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "The Little War or Guerra Chiquita". Cuba Heritage.org. 2007. Retrieved December 18, 2007. 
  2. ^ "The Little War (La Guerra Chiquita)". historyofcuba.com. Retrieved December 18, 2007. 
  3. ^ "History of the Cuban Liberation Wars". CubaGenWeb. 2007. Retrieved December 18, 2007. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.