World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Livvi-Karelian language

Article Id: WHEBN0000959728
Reproduction Date:

Title: Livvi-Karelian language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Karelian language, Finnic languages, Meadow Mari language, Hill Mari language, Kamassian language
Collection: Finnic Languages, Karelian Language, Languages of Finland, Languages of Russia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Livvi-Karelian language

Native to Russia, Finland
Region between Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega, northward of Svir River, Karelia
Native speakers
31,000  (2000–2010)[1]
Latin (Karelian alphabet)
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-3 olo
Glottolog livv1243[4]

Livvi-Karelian [5] (Alternate names: Livvi, Livvikovian, Olonets, Southern Olonetsian, Karelian; Russian: ливвиковский язык[5][6]) is a Finnic language of the Uralic family.[7] spoken by Olonets Karelians (self-appellation livvi, livgilaizet), traditionally inhabiting the area between Ladoga and Onega lakes, northward of Svir River. The name "Olonets Karelians" is derived from the territory inhabited, Olonets Krai, named after the town of Olonets, named after the Olonka River.


  • History 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Before World War II, Livvi-Karelian was spoken both in Russia and in Finland, in the easternmost part of Finnish Karelia. After Finland was forced to cede large parts of Karelia to the USSR after the war, the Finnish Livvi-Karelian population was resettled in Finland. Today there are still native speakers of Livvi-Karelian living scattered throughout Finland, but all areas in which Livvi-Karelian remain a community language are found in Russia.

Speakers of Livvi-Karelian may be found mainly in Olonetsky, Pryazhinsky, Pitkyarantsky, and partly Suoyarvsky districts of the Republic of Karelia.[8]

Livvi-Karelian long remained relatively uninfluenced by the Russian language despite the influx of Russians following the founding of Saint Petersburg in 1703.

See also


  1. ^ Livvi-Karelian at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Change in the regulation by the president of Finland about European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, 27.11.2009 (in Finnish)
  3. ^ Законодательные акты: О государственной поддержке карельского, вепсского и финского языков в Республике Карелия
  4. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Livvi". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  5. ^ a b "Livvi-Karelian".  
  6. ^ Moseley, Christopher (2007). Encyclopedia of the world's endangered languages. Psychology Press. p. 263. 
  7. ^ "Language Family Trees, Uralic, Finnic".  
  8. ^ "Karelian Language", at the website about livvic culture

External links

  • - a weekly newspaper in Olonets KarelianOma Mua
  • Livvi language resources at Giellatekno

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.