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Lordship of Groningen

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Title: Lordship of Groningen  
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Subject: Seventeen Provinces, Union of Utrecht, Dutch Republic, County of Drenthe, Burgundian Circle
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Lordship of Groningen

Lordship of Groningen
Heerlijkheid Groningen
Capital Groningen
Government Heerlijkheid
 •  Established 1536
 •  Disestablished 1594
b. ...

The Lordship of Groningen (Dutch: Heerlijkheid Groningen) was a lordship under the rule of the House of Habsburg between 1536 and 1594, which is the present-day province of Groningen.

Before 1536

A distinction must be made between the City of Groningen and the surrounding countryside, known as the Ommelanden. The city of Groningen had already gained its independence from its formal landlord, the Bishop of Utrecht in the 12th century. The Ommelanden, together with their Frisian neighbours, enjoyed the Frisian freedom and had never had a Lord. Therefore, before 1536, the concept of a Lord of Groningen had never existed.

Charles V

After the Habsburg victory in the Battle of Heiligerlee (1536) during the Guelderian Wars, the city of Groningen and the Ommelanden came under the rule of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. They were joined together in the Lordship of Groningen and ruled by a Stadtholder, but with preservation of their ancient rights and privileges. Because of the predominant position of the city, the union was never very successful. In 1548 the Lordship of Groningen became part of the Burgundian Circle.

Dutch rebellion

When the George van Lalaing succeeded in convincing the city of Groningen to leave the Union of Utrecht and to remain loyal to the King of Spain. the city now became a northern bastion for the Spanish in the [[

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