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Mark Rutte

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Mark Rutte

His Excellency
Mark Rutte
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
Assumed office
14 October 2010
Monarch Beatrix
Deputy Maxime Verhagen
Lodewijk Asscher
Preceded by Jan Peter Balkenende
Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
Assumed office
31 May 2006
Preceded by Jozias van Aartsen
State Secretary for Education,
Culture and Science
In office
17 June 2004 – 27 June 2006
Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende
Preceded by Annette Nijs
Succeeded by Bruno Bruins
State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment
In office
22 July 2002 – 17 June 2004
Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende
Preceded by Hans Hoogervorst
Succeeded by Henk van Hoof
Personal details
Born (1967-02-14) 14 February 1967
The Hague, Netherlands
Political party People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
Alma mater Leiden University
Religion Reformed Protestant
Website Government website

Mark Rutte (Dutch pronunciation:  ( ); born 14 February 1967) is a Dutch politician who has been the Prime Minister of the Netherlands since 14 October 2010 and the Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie - VVD) since 29 June 2006. He previously served as State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment from 22 July 2002 to 17 June 2004, and State Secretary for Education, Culture and Science from 17 June 2004 until 27 June 2006, when he was elected to succeed Jozias van Aartsen as the new VVD Leader.[1][2]

At the 2006 general election, the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy under Rutte lost six seats and he became opposition leader. At the following general election in 2010, the VVD won the highest number of votes cast, resulting in their occupying 31 of the 150 seats in the House of Representatives. After a long formation period, Rutte became Prime Minister and formed a Cabinet. When he was sworn in on 14 October 2010, he became the first liberal Prime Minister of the Netherlands in 92 years.[3] He offered his government's resignation on 23 April 2012 after an impasse in talks on an austerity budget, prompting a general election in which the VVD won its highest number of seats ever, which led to a coalition being formed with the VVD and Labour Party. On 5 November 2012, the Second Rutte cabinet was installed by Queen Beatrix.


  • Early life 1
  • Political offices 2
    • 2006 leadership election 2.1
    • 2006 Dutch general election 2.2
    • Decision to expel Rita Verdonk 2.3
    • 2010 Dutch general election 2.4
  • Prime Minister 3
    • 2012 Dutch general election 3.1
  • Personal life 4
  • Statements 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Mark Rutte was born on 14 February 1967 in The Hague in the Netherlands.[4] His mother Hermina Cornelia Dilling[4] was a secretary and his father Izaäk Rutte[4] worked in a trading company in the Dutch East Indies as an importer and later (in the Netherlands) director.

Rutte attended a

Political offices
Preceded by
Hans Hoogervorst
State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment
Succeeded by
Henk van Hoof
Preceded by
Annette Nijs
State Secretary for Education, Culture and Science
Succeeded by
Bruno Bruins
Preceded by
Jan Peter Balkenende
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
Minister of General Affairs
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jozias van Aartsen
Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
  • Mark Rutte, official government profile

External links

  1. ^ "Mark Rutte teruggekeerd in Tweede Kamer" (in Nederlands). 28 June 2006. Retrieved 2012-04-23. 
  2. ^ "Government". 2011-12-14. Retrieved 2012-04-23. 
  3. ^ "Mark Rutte: eerste liberale premier sinds 1918" (in Nederlands). 7 October 2010. Retrieved 2012-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b c d (Dutch) Drs. M. (Mark) Rutter, Parlement & Politiek. Retrieved on 2 August 2014.
  5. ^ "Rutte had pianoleraar kunnen zijn". Retrieved 2012-04-23. 
  6. ^ a b "CV | Mark Rutte". Retrieved 2012-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Mark Rutte" (in Nederlands). VVD. 
  8. ^ "Biografie - Mark Rutte". Retrieved 2012-04-23. 
  9. ^ "CDA calls for longer working week". 18 August 2006. 
  10. ^ a b (Dutch) "Onvrede binnen VVD over Rutte," Algemeen Dagblad (31 October 2006). Retrieved 14 May 2014.
  11. ^ "Tension mounts as VVD waits for Verdonk’s reaction to voters’ support". 28 November 2006. 
  12. ^ (Dutch) Oranje, Joost and Guus Valk, "Kamp: VVD moet Rutte nu steunen," NRC Handelsblad (15 September 2007). Retrieved 14 May 2014. Literal English translation: "Verdonk was yesterday by Mark Rutte formally expelled from the VVD's parliamentary party in the House of Representatives after she had again voiced criticism of the party in the press." Dutch original: "Verdonk werd gisteren formeel door Mark Rutte uit de Tweede Kamerfractie van de VVD gezet, nadat zij in de pers opnieuw kritiek had geuit op de fractie."
  13. ^ a b "Election 2010 – The Netherlands shifts to the right". 10 June 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2010. 
  14. ^ a b "Dutch government falls in budget crisis". BBC News. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  15. ^ Gilbert Kreijger and Thomas Escritt (23 April 2012). "Dutch Prime Minister resigns in budget cuts row". Reuters. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  16. ^ Dutch general election of 2012
  17. ^ "Who is Mark Rutte? A short biography". 10 June 2010. 
  18. ^ "Rutte: Holocaust ontkennen moet kunnen" (in Nederlands). Algemeen Dagblad. 26 May 2009. Retrieved 2012-04-23. 
  19. ^ (Dutch) "Rutte: Holocaust ontkennen moet kunnen," Elsevier (27 May 2009). Retrieved 14 May 2014.


In 2009, Rutte stated that Holocaust denial, hate speech or insulting groups in society should no longer be a criminal offense because the freedom of expression should be explicitly guaranteed.[18][19]

In 2008, Rutte wrote that the VVD wanted an inclusive, compact state where not only the "happy few" would feel comfortable.[17]


Mark Rutte is unmarried.[4] He is a member of the Calvinist Reformed Protestant Church in the Netherlands. He still teaches two hours a week at the Johan de Witt College in The Hague.[6]

Personal life

In the 2012 general election, Rutte was the VVD's lijsttrekker for the third time. The party won 41 seats and remained the largest party in the House of Representatives.[16] On 5 November 2012, the Second Rutte cabinet was formed, a coalition cabinet with the Labour Party (PvdA).

2012 Dutch general election

In March 2012, seeking to comply with European Union requirements for the nation's deficit, Rutte began talks with coalition parties VVD and CDA and supporting party PVV on a budget for 2013, which would cut 16 billion Euros of spending. However, PVV leader Geert Wilders withdrew his party's support on April 21, stating that the budget would hurt economic growth;[14] which led to the downfall of the government. Rutte submitted his resignation to Queen Beatrix on the afternoon of 23 April.[15] His government lasted for 558 days, making it one of the shortest Netherlands cabinets since World War II.[14] New elections were held on 12 September 2012.

Rutte is the first Prime Minister since 1918 who is neither a Christian democrat nor a socialist, as well as the first liberal to hold that post since Pieter Cort van der Linden, who was Prime Minister from 1913 until 1918.[13] He is also the first VVD Prime Minister.

After garnering support for such a coalition, Rutte was appointed as formateur (prime minister-designate) on 8 October 2010. Rutte then appointed the ministers, with Maxime Verhagen (CDA) as his deputy prime minister. On 14 October, Beatrix formally invited Rutte to form a government. Later that day, Rutte presented his Cabinet team to Parliament, and it was confirmed in office by the smallest possible majority.

Rutte with British Prime Minister David Cameron on February 21, 2014.
Mark Rutte on his first day as Prime Minister of the Netherlands on October 14, 2010.

Prime Minister

Efforts to form a coalition of liberals, Christian-democrats and socialists failed. Instead the only possibility appeared to be a center-right coalition of liberals and Christian democrats (CDA), with the outside support of the Party for Freedom (PVV), led by Geert Wilders.

In the 2010 general election, Rutte was once again the lijsttrekker for the VVD. The VVD won 31 seats to become the largest party in the House of Representatives for the first time ever.[13] A long period of negotiations followed, with several personalities succeeding each other as informateur, or persons being appointed by Queen Beatrix in order to find out what coalition could be formed.

Mark Rutte at the inauguration of his Cabinet on October 14, 2010

2010 Dutch general election

After repeated criticisms by Rita Verdonk on the policy of the VVD, Rutte expelled her from the party's parliamentary faction on 14 September 2007.[12]

Decision to expel Rita Verdonk

For the 2006 general election, the VVD campaign with Rutte as leader did not get off to a good start. Rutte received criticism from within his own party for the campaign.[10] Rutte was said to be overshadowed by his own party members Rita Verdonk and Gerrit Zalm, as well as being unable to penetrate between Wouter Bos and Jan Peter Balkenende, who were generally seen as the prime candidates to become the next Prime Minister. On 27 November, it became known that Rita Verdonk managed to obtain more votes than Mark Rutte; Rutte obtained 553,200 votes against Verdonk's 620,555.[10][11]

Rutte with Henk Kamp (left) and Rita Verdonk (right) during the campaign in 2006

2006 Dutch general election

Rutte said that the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party was a party "the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy could do business with".[9] He had also stated that with the social security ideas of the Labour Party, which he called too conservative, it was unlikely that the VVD would cooperate or form a coalition after the elections.

After the resignation of Labour Party, Wouter Bos.

2006 leadership election

Rutte resigned as State Secretary in June 2006 to return to the House of Representatives, and he soon became the Parliamentary leader of the VVD. Rutte became an important figure within the VVD leadership. He was campaign manager for the 2006 municipal elections.

Rutte served as State Secretary for Higher Education and Science, within the Education, Culture and Science, replacing Annette Nijs, from 17 June 2004 to 27 June 2006 in the second Balkenende cabinet. In office, Rutte showed particular interest in making the Dutch higher education system more competitive internationally, by trying to make it more market oriented (improving the position of students as consumers in the market for education). He would have been succeeded by former The Hague alderman Bruno Bruins. Before Bruins could be sworn into office, the second Balkenende cabinet fell. In the subsequently formed third Balkenende cabinet Bruins succeeded Rutte as State Secretary.

Rutte served as State Secretary in the Social Affairs and Employment from 22 July 2002 to 17 June 2004 in the first and second Balkenende cabinets. He was responsible for fields including bijstand (municipal welfare) and arbeidsomstandigheden (Occupational safety and health). After the 2003 elections Rutte was briefly also a member of the House of Representatives, between 30 January and 27 May 2003.

Rutte as State Secretary in 2006

Political offices

Between 1993 and 1997 he was a member of the national board of the VVD. He also served as a member of the VVD candidate committee for the general election of 2002. He was himself elected as a member of parliament in 2003.

[8] After his studies he entered the business world, working as a manager for


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