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Maroneia

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Maroneia

Maroneia
Μαρώνεια
Maroneia is located in Greece
Maroneia
Maroneia
Coordinates:
Country Greece
Administrative region East Macedonia and Thrace
Regional unit Rhodope
Municipality Maroneia-Sapes
Population (2001)[1]
 • Municipal unit 7,644
Community
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Vehicle registration ΚΟ


View of the ancient theatre.
Marmaritsa beach, Maroneia.

Maroneia (Greek: Μαρώνεια, Bulgarian: Мароня) is a village and a former municipality in the Rhodope regional unit, East Macedonia and Thrace, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Maroneia-Sapes, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] Population 7,644 (2001). The seat of the municipality was in Xylagani.

In legend, it was said to have been founded by Thracian city.

Maroneia was close to the Ismaros mentioned by Homer in the Odyssey.[7] Some scholars identify Maroneia with his Ismaros.[8] Homer has Odysseus plundering the city but sparing Maron, whom he identifies as a priest of Apollo. Maron presents Odysseus with a gift of wine, as well as with gold and silver.

In the era of Ancient Greece and Rome, Maroneia was famous for its wine production. The wine was esteemed everywhere; it was said to possess the odor of nectar,[9] and to be capable of mixture with twenty or more times its quantity with water.[10] That the people of Maroneia venerated Dionysus, we learn not just from its famous Dionysian Sanctuary, the foundations of which can still be seen today, but also from the city's coins.

In 200 BC it was taken by Philip V of Macedon, who vented his rage by slaughtering a great number of the city's inhabitants.[11] The Roman Republic subsequently granted Maroneia to Attalus, King of Pergamon, but almost immediately revoked their gift and declared it a free city.[12]

Maroneia was the largest and most important of all ancient Greek colonies of Western Thrace. The city owed its prosperity to the extensive and rich territory and also to the port which favored the development of intense commercial activity. Furthermore, Romans had granted many privileges to the city, such as the proclamation its freedom and the increase of its territory, where a dense network of rural settlements was developed.[13]

In December 1877 Captain Petko Voyvoda overthrew the Ottoman rule and established a free administration in the town.

Notable people

Notes

  1. ^
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^ Euripides, Cyclops, v. 100, 141
  4. ^ Diodorus Siculus, i. 20
  5. ^ Pseudo-Scymnus, 676 ff
  6. ^ Pliny, iv. 11. s. 18
  7. ^ Homer, Odyssey, ix. 196-211
  8. ^ Isaac, B., (1986), The Greek Settlements in Thrace Until the Macedonian Conquest, page 113. BRILL.
  9. ^ Nonnus, i. 12, xvii. 6, xix. 11
  10. ^ Homer, Odyssey, ix. 209; Pliny, xiv. 4. s. 6
  11. ^ Livy, xxxi. 16; xxxix. 24; Polybius, xxii. 6, 13, xxiii. 11, 13
  12. ^ Polybius, xxx. 3
  13. ^ D. C. Samsaris, Historical Geography of Western Thrace during the Roman Antiquity (in Greek), Thessaloniki 2005, p. 97-108

Sources

  • Durando, Furio, Greece, a guide to the archaeological sites, 2004.
  •  
  • Smith, William, (1857), Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography.
  • Psoma, Selene, Chryssa Karadima and Domna Terzopoulou, The Coins from Maroneia and the Classical City at Molyvoti: a contribution to the history of Aegean Thrace (Athens: Diffusion de Boccard, 2008) (Meletemata, 62).
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