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Martha Scott

Martha Scott
Scott in In Old Oklahoma, 1943
Born Martha Ellen Scott
(1912-09-22)September 22, 1912
Jamesport, Missouri, U.S.
Died May 28, 2003(2003-05-28) (aged 90)
Van Nuys, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Cause of death Natural Causes
Alma mater University of Michigan
Occupation Film, television and stage actress
Years active 1940–1990
Spouse(s)
  • Mel Powell (1946-1998; his death) 2 children
  • Carlton Alsop (1940-1946; divorced; 1 child)
Children
  • Carlton Scott Alsop
  • Mary Powell Harpel
  • Kathleen Powell
Parent(s)
  • Walter Scott (father)
  • Letha McKinley (mother)

Martha Ellen Scott (September 22, 1912 – May 28, 2003) was an American actress. She was featured in major films like Cecil B. DeMille's The Ten Commandments (1956), and William Wyler's Ben-Hur (1959). She was best known for originating the role of Emily Webb in Thornton Wilder's Our Town on Broadway in 1938 and later recreating the role in the 1940 film version for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress.[1]

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Career 2
    • Stage 2.1
    • Film 2.2
    • Producer 2.3
    • Television 2.4
  • Personal life 3
  • Honors 4
  • Partial filmography 5
  • Radio appearances 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Early life

Scott was born in Jamesport, Missouri, the daughter of Letha (née McKinley) and Walter Alva Scott, an engineer and garage owner.[2] Her mother was a second-cousin of U.S. President William McKinley.[3][4] The Scott family remained in Jamesport until Martha was thirteen years old when they moved to Kansas City, Missouri and eventually to Detroit Michigan.[5] Scott became interested in acting in high school, an interest she furthered by attending the University of Michigan, earning a teaching certificate and a Bachelor of Arts degree[6] in Drama in 1934.[5]

Career

Stage

Scott with husband Mel Powell in 1947.

Martha Scott received a career boost right out of college when she appeared with the Globe Theatre Troupe in a series of Shakespeare productions at the Century of Progress world's fair in Chicago in 1934.[7] Following that she moved to New York City, where she found steady work both in stock stage productions and in radio dramas. In 1938 she made her Broadway debut in the original staging of Thornton Wilder's play Our Town as Emily Webb, the tragic young woman who dies in childbirth.[8]

Film

Scott in The Ten Commandments, 1956

Two years later Martha Scott reprised the role of Emily in her film debut as Our Town was brought to the silver screen. Her critically acclaimed performance earned Scott an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress. The newcomer Scott was up against some of Hollywood's biggest names for the award -- Katharine Hepburn, Joan Fontaine, Bette Davis, and the winner Ginger Rogers.[8] With an Oscar nomination on her resume' Scott found steady movie work for the next four decades, appearing in some major epics like The Ten Commandments, Ben-Hur, The Desperate Hours, and Airport 1975. Charlton Heston was a frequent co-star with Scott on both stage and screen, as she told an interviewer in 1988: "I played his mother twice and his wife twice. I was his mother in Ben Hur and The Ten Commandments. I was his wife on the stage in New York in Design For a Stained Glass Window and The Tumbler in London."[8]

Producer

In 1968, Scott joined Henry Fonda and Robert Ryan in forming a theatrical production company called "The Plumstead Playhouse."[9] It later became the Plumstead Theatre Company and moved to Los Angeles. The company produced First Monday in October, both on stage and on film (Walter Matthau and Jill Clayburgh appeared in the film). Scott co-produced both versions. Her last production was Twelve Angry Men, which was performed at the Henry Fonda Theatre in Hollywood, California.

Television

Martha Scott first began appearing in TV roles in the medium's early days. Her first came in 1950 on the Nash Airflyte Theater followed by several guest appearances on Robert Montgomery Presents and other shows of televisions "golden age". This pattern of guest episodic roles continued through the 1960s with appearances on Route 66, Ironside, and The Courtship of Eddie's Father among others.

In the mid-1950s, Scott was the narrator for Modern Romances, an afternoon program on NBC-TV.[10]

Scott was a frequent TV guest star in the 1970s. She had recurring roles as Bob Newhart's mother on The Bob Newhart Show, the mother of Colonel Steve Austin (Lee Majors) on both The Six Million Dollar Man and The Bionic Woman as well as Patricia Shepard, Sue Ellen and Kristin's mother on Dallas during its early years and later during the 1986 season. Scott was cast in single episode guest appearances on several hit shows of the era like The Sandy Duncan Show, Columbo: Playback (1975), The Mod Squad, Marcus Welby, M.D., and The Love Boat. She played the role of Jennifer Talbot, Terri Brock's nasty grandmother on General Hospital for six months (1986-1987) which ended when her character was murdered and stuffed in a drain pipe.

In the 1980s she had a regular role on the short-lived series Secrets of Midland Heights, several television movies, and single-episode appearances in shows like Magnum, P.I., The Paper Chase, and Highway to Heaven. In the late 1980s, she and Jeffrey Lynn acted in an episode of Murder, She Wrote, which was a direct sequel to their 1949 feature film Strange Bargain. Martha Scott's final acting role on television came in 1990 in the movie Daughter of the Streets.

Personal life

Gravesite of Martha Scott & husband Mel Powell in Jamesport, Missouri.

Martha Scott was twice-married. First to radio producer and announcer Carleton William Alsop from 1940 to 1946, and then to jazz pianist and composer and that her deceased McKinley and Scott relatives "became the Gibbs and the Webbs in the play."[5] Martha Scott died on May 28, 2003 in California. Per her last wishes she was interred next to her husband, Mel Powell, in the Masonic Cemetery in her native Jamesport, Missouri.

Honors

Scott has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 6126 Hollywood Boulevard.[12]

Partial filmography

Radio appearances

Year Program Episode/source
1941 Philip Morris Playhouse Made for Each Other[13]
1953 Theatre Guild on the Air Kate Fennigate[14]

References

  1. ^ "Martha Scott". Oscars.org. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  2. ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=15437701
  3. ^ Martha Scott biodata
  4. ^ New York Times obituary
  5. ^ a b c "Oscar nominee Martha Scott of Jamesport". Daviess County Historical Society. 20 April 2004. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "B.A. Degree". The Havre Daily News. March 24, 1944. p. 3. Retrieved June 28, 2015 – via  
  7. ^ "Martha Scott bio". MSN Entertainment. 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c "Actress Martha Scott Dies, Aged 90". Breaking News website. 31 May 2003. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  9. ^ Scott, Martha (December 26, 1974). "1975 Hope: Rebirth of Theatre". Arcadia Tribune. p. 11. Retrieved June 28, 2015 – via  
  10. ^ Mercer, Charles (August 11, 1955). "Martha Scott Typifies New TV Gimmic--Narrator". The Kokomo Tribune. p. 57. Retrieved June 28, 2015 – via  
  11. ^ "Martha Scott Travels from 'Our Town' to Tinseltown". The Los Angeles Times via website. 21 September 1989. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  12. ^ "Martha Scott". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Martha Scott". Harrisburg Telegraph. November 1, 1941. p. 28. Retrieved July 22, 2015 – via  
  14. ^ Kirby, Walter (May 24, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 48. Retrieved June 28, 2015 – via  

External links

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