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Maximum break

 

Maximum break

Ronnie O'Sullivan's maximum at the 1997 World Championship

The maximum break in snooker under normal circumstances is 147.[1] This is often known as a maximum, a 147, or verbally a one-four-seven, and is amassed by potting all fifteen reds with fifteen blacks for 120 points, followed by all six colours for a further 27 points.[1]

Joe Davis compiled the first officially recognised maximum break in a 1955 exhibition match in London. In 1982 Steve Davis achieved the first official maximum in professional competition, which was also the first televised one. The following year, Cliff Thorburn became the first player to make a maximum in the World Championship. In total, only 58 snooker players have achieved maximums in professional competitions, totaling 114 such breaks. Ronnie O'Sullivan holds the record of thirteen competitive maximum breaks and he also has the record for the fastest competitive maximum break at 5 minutes 20 seconds, set at the 1997 World Championship.

Breaks greater than 147 are possible in a free ball situation. This has been achieved only once in professional competition, when Jamie Burnett made a 148 break in the qualifying stages of the 2004 UK Championship.

Contents

  • Milestones 1
  • Official list 2
  • Statistics 3
  • Records 4
  • Prize money 5
  • Breaks exceeding 147 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • Videos 9

Milestones

Joe Davis compiled the first officially recognised maximum break on Saturday 22 January 1955 in a match against 68-year-old fellow Englishman Willie Smith at Leicester Square Hall, London.[2] The Billiards Association and Control Council initially refused to accept the break since the match was not played under their rules. At the time the professionals played using a rule (now standard) whereby after a foul a player could compel the offender to play the next stroke. It was only at a meeting on 20 March 1957 that they recognised the break. Davis was presented with a certificate to commemorate the event.[3] The match between Davis and Smith was played as part of a series of events marking the closure of Leicester Square Hall. The hall, known as Thurston's Hall until 1940, had hosted many important billiards and snooker matches since its opening in 1901, including 12 World Snooker Championship finals.[4] The final match was a snooker contest, played on level terms, between Joe and Fred Davis from 24 to 29 January but from 17 to 22 January Joe Davis played Willie Smith at both billiards and snooker. In the snooker match Smith received 28 points in each frame but, despite this handicap, Davis won the match by 23 frames to 13.[2]

The first official maximum break in professional competition was by Steve Davis in the 1982 Classic at the Queen Elizabeth Hall, Oldham, against fellow Englishman John Spencer[5] winning a car for the achievement.[6] This was also the first televised maximum.[7] The following year, Canada's Cliff Thorburn became the first player to make a maximum at the World Championship, during in the fourth frame of his second round match against Welsh player Terry Griffiths.[8]

For the next 11 seasons, only 14 other official maximum breaks were scored. Starting with 1994/1995, a maximum break has been achieved every single season, with a peak of twelve maximums during the 2001/2012 season. The 100th officially recognised maximum break in professional competition was made on 7 December 2013 by Mark Selby in the 7th frame of his semi-final match at the UK Championship against Ricky Walden.[9] The maximum break has now been officially achieved 114 times in professional competition, over half of which were achieved by English players.[10] England's Ronnie O'Sullivan has compiled thirteen ratified competitive maximum breaks, the most by any professional player.[11] Following him are Scotsmen Stephen Hendry and John Higgins with eleven, respectively seven maximums, and China's Ding Junhui with five. O'Sullivan also holds the record for the fastest competitive maximum break at 5 minutes 20 seconds, which he set at the 1997 World Championship.[12] Despite the inherent difficulty of compiling a maximum, only four players have missed the final black on 140: Robin Hull, Ken Doherty, Barry Pinches and Mark Selby.[13]

Breaks above 147 are possible when an opponent fouls and leaves a free ball with all fifteen reds still remaining on the table. A break greater than 147 has happened only once in professional competition, when Scotland's Jamie Burnett made a 148 at the qualifying stage of the 2004 UK Championship.[14] England's Jamie Cope attained a break of 155, the highest possible break including a free ball, in a practice frame in 2005.[15][16]

In other variants of snooker the value of the maximum break is different. In six-red snooker, the maximum is only 75 points, as there are fewer reds and thus fewer black-scoring opportunities. In snooker plus the maximum is 210 due to the additional, two high point-value colours, but this has never been achieved due to the distance between the highest value ball and the reds.[17]

Official list

Table legend
TV Televised
(Q) Qualifying rounds

A total of 114 official maximum breaks have been achieved in professional competition by February 2015.[18][19][20]

Ratified maximum breaks in professional competition
No. Date Player Age Opponent Event Video
001 11 January 1982 Davis, SteveSteve Davis 24 years, 142 days Spencer, JohnJohn Spencer ClassicTV [video 1]
002 23 April 1983 Thorburn, CliffCliff Thorburn 35 years, 97 days Griffiths, TerryTerry Griffiths World ChampionshipTV [video 2]
003 28 January 1984 Stevens, KirkKirk Stevens 25 years, 164 days White, JimmyJimmy White MastersTV [video 3]
004 17 November 1987 Thorne, WillieWillie Thorne 33 years, 258 days Murphy, TommyTommy Murphy UK Championship
005 20 February 1988 Meo, TonyTony Meo 28 years, 139 days Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry Matchroom League
006 24 September 1988 Robidoux, AlainAlain Robidoux 28 years, 61 days Meadowcroft, JimJim Meadowcroft European Open (Q)
007 18 February 1989 Rea, JohnJohn Rea 37 years, 75 days Black, IanIan Black Scottish Professional Championship
008 8 March 1989 Thorburn, CliffCliff Thorburn (2) 41 years, 51 days White, JimmyJimmy White Matchroom League
009 16 January 1991 Wattana, JamesJames Wattana 20 years, 364 days Dawkins, PaulPaul Dawkins World Masters
010 5 June 1991 Ebdon, PeterPeter Ebdon 20 years, 282 days Martin, WayneWayne Martin Strachan Open (Q)[21]
011[22] 25 February 1992 Wattana, JamesJames Wattana (2) 22 years, 39 days Drago, TonyTony Drago British OpenTV [video 4]
012 22 April 1992 White, JimmyJimmy White 29 years, 356 days Drago, TonyTony Drago World ChampionshipTV [video 5]
013 9 May 1992 Parrott, JohnJohn Parrott 27 years, 364 days Meo, TonyTony Meo Matchroom League
014 24 May 1992 Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry 23 years, 132 days Thorne, WillieWillie Thorne Matchroom League
015[23] 14 November 1992 Ebdon, PeterPeter Ebdon (2) 22 years, 79 days Doherty, KenKen Doherty UK Championship
016[24] 7 September 1994 McDonnell, DavidDavid McDonnell 22 years, 331 days Barrow, NicNic Barrow British Open (Q)
017 27 April 1995 Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (2) 26 years, 104 days White, JimmyJimmy White World ChampionshipTV [video 6]
018 25 November 1995 Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (3) 26 years, 316 days Wilkinson, GaryGary Wilkinson UK ChampionshipTV [video 7]
019 5 January 1997 Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (4) 27 years, 358 days O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan Charity ChallengeTV [video 8]
020 21 April 1997 O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan 21 years, 137 days Price, MickMick Price World ChampionshipTV [video 9]
021 18 September 1997 Wattana, JamesJames Wattana (3) 27 years, 244 days Pang Wei Guo China International
022 16 May 1998 Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (5) 29 years, 123 days Doherty, KenKen Doherty Premier LeagueTV [video 10]
023 10 August 1998 Gunnell, AdrianAdrian Gunnell 25 years, 351 days Wehrmann, MarioMario Wehrmann Thailand Masters (Q)
024 13 August 1998 Husnu, MehmetMehmet Husnu 26 years, 19 days Barker, EddieEddie Barker China International (Q)
025 13 January 1999 Prince, JasonJason Prince 28 years, 210 days Brumby, IanIan Brumby British Open (Q)
026 29 January 1999 O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (2) 23 years, 55 days Wattana, JamesJames Wattana Welsh OpenTV [video 11]
027 4 February 1999 Bingham, StuartStuart Bingham 22 years, 259 days Hawkins, BarryBarry Hawkins UK Tour – Event 3
028 22 March 1999 Dyson, NickNick Dyson 29 years, 93 days Gunnell, AdrianAdrian Gunnell UK Tour – Event 4
029 6 April 1999 Dott, GraemeGraeme Dott 21 years, 329 days Roe, DavidDavid Roe British OpenTV
030 19 September 1999 Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (6) 30 years, 249 days Ebdon, PeterPeter Ebdon British OpenTV [video 12]
031 21 September 1999 Pinches, BarryBarry Pinches 29 years, 70 days Joe Johnson Welsh Open (Q)
032 13 October 1999 O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (3) 23 years, 312 days Dott, GraemeGraeme Dott Grand PrixTV [video 13]
033 4 November 1999 Burrows, KarlKarl Burrows 31 years, 322 days[25] Rosa, AdrianAdrian Rosa Benson & Hedges Championship
034 22 November 1999 Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (7) 30 years, 313 days Wykes, PaulPaul Wykes UK ChampionshipTV [video 14]
035 21 January 2000 Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins 24 years, 248 days Taylor, DennisDennis Taylor Nations CupTV [video 15]
036 24 March 2000 Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins (2) 24 years, 311 days White, JimmyJimmy White Irish MastersTV [video 16]
037 28 March 2000 Maguire, StephenStephen Maguire 19 years, 15 days Phonbun, PhaitoonPhaitoon Phonbun Scottish Open (Q)
038 5 April 2000 O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (4) 24 years, 122 days Hann, QuintenQuinten Hann Scottish OpenTV [video 17]
039 25 October 2000 Fu, MarcoMarco Fu 22 years, 291 days Doherty, KenKen Doherty Scottish MastersTV [video 18]
040 7 November 2000 McLellan, DavidDavid McLellan 30 years, 302 days Meakin, SteveSteve Meakin Benson & Hedges Championship
041 19 November 2000 Dyson, NickNick Dyson (2) 30 years, 336 days Milkins, RobertRobert Milkins UK Championship
042 25 February 2001 Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (8) 32 years, 43 days Williams, MarkMark Williams Malta Grand PrixTV [video 19]
043 17 October 2001 O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (5) 25 years, 316 days Henry, DrewDrew Henry LG CupTV [video 20]
044 12 November 2001 Murphy, ShaunShaun Murphy 19 years, 94 days Rosa, AdrianAdrian Rosa Benson & Hedges Championship
045 28 October 2002 Drago, TonyTony Drago 37 years, 36 days Bingham, StuartStuart Bingham Benson & Hedges Championship
046 22 April 2003 O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (6) 27 years, 138 days Fu, MarcoMarco Fu World ChampionshipTV [video 21]
047 12 October 2003 Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins (3) 28 years, 147 days Williams, MarkMark Williams LG CupTV [video 22]
048 12 November 2003 Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins (4) 28 years, 178 days Judge, MichaelMichael Judge British OpenTV [video 23]
049 4 October 2004 Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins (5) 29 years, 139 days Walden, RickyRicky Walden Grand PrixTV [video 24]
050 17 November 2004 David Gray 25 years, 282 days Selby, MarkMark Selby UK Championship
051 20 April 2005 Williams, MarkMark Williams 30 years, 30 days Milkins, RobertRobert Milkins World ChampionshipTV [video 25]
052 22 November 2005 Bingham, StuartStuart Bingham (2) 29 years, 185 days Campbell, MarcusMarcus Campbell Masters Qualifying Event
053 14 March 2006 Milkins, RobertRobert Milkins 30 years, 8 days Selby, MarkMark Selby World Championship (Q)
054 23 October 2006 Cope, JamieJamie Cope 21 years, 41 days Holt, MichaelMichael Holt Grand Prix
055 14 January 2007 Ding Junhui 19 years, 288 days Hamilton, AnthonyAnthony Hamilton MastersTV [video 26]
056 15 February 2007 Higginson, AndrewAndrew Higginson 29 years, 64 days Carter, AliAli Carter Welsh OpenTV [video 27]
057 19 September 2007 Burnett, JamieJamie Burnett 32 years, 3 days Liu Song Grand Prix (Q)
058 14 October 2007 Ford, TomTom Ford 24 years, 58 days Davis, SteveSteve Davis Grand Prix
059 8 November 2007 O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (7) 31 years, 338 days Carter, AliAli Carter Northern Ireland TrophyTV [video 28]
060 15 December 2007 O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (8) 32 years, 10 days Selby, MarkMark Selby UK ChampionshipTV [video 29]
061 29 March 2008 Maguire, StephenStephen Maguire (2) 27 years, 16 days Day, RyanRyan Day China OpenTV [video 30]
062 28 April 2008 O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (9) 32 years, 145 days Williams, MarkMark Williams World Championship [video 31]
063 29 April 2008 Carter, AliAli Carter 28 years, 279 days Ebdon, PeterPeter Ebdon World ChampionshipTV [video 32]
064 2 October 2008 Cope, JamieJamie Cope (2) 23 years, 20 days Williams, MarkMark Williams Shanghai MastersTV [video 33]
065 29 October 2008 Liang Wenbo 21 years, 238 days Gould, MartinMartin Gould Bahrain Championship (Q)
066 8 November 2008 Campbell, MarcusMarcus Campbell 36 years, 47 days Al-Khusaibi, Ahmed BasheerAhmed Basheer Al-Khusaibi Bahrain ChampionshipTV
067 16 December 2008 Ding Junhui (2) 21 years, 259 days Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins UK ChampionshipTV [video 34]
068 28 April 2009 Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (9) 40 years, 105 days Murphy, ShaunShaun Murphy World ChampionshipTV [video 35]
069 5 June 2009 Selby, MarkMark Selby 25 years, 351 days Perry, JoeJoe Perry Jiangsu ClassicTV
070 1 April 2010 Robertson, NeilNeil Robertson 28 years, 49 days Ebdon, PeterPeter Ebdon China OpenTV [video 36]
071 25 June 2010 Maflin, KurtKurt Maflin 26 years, 321 days Zielinski, MichalMichal Zielinski Players Tour Championship – Event 1
072 6 August 2010 Hawkins, BarryBarry Hawkins 31 years, 105 days McGouran, JamesJames McGouran Players Tour Championship – Event 3
073 20 September 2010 O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (10) 34 years, 289 days King, MarkMark King World OpenTV (Q) [video 37]
074 22 October 2010 Thirapongpaiboon, ThanawatThanawat Thirapongpaiboon 16 years, 312 days Hawkins, BarryBarry Hawkins Rhein–Main Masters
075 23 October 2010 Williams, MarkMark Williams (2) 35 years, 216 days Schuler, DianaDiana Schuler Rhein–Main Masters [video 38]
076 19 November 2010 McLeod, RoryRory McLeod 39 years, 238 days Kachaiwong, IssaraIssara Kachaiwong Prague Classic
077 17 February 2011 Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (10) 42 years, 35 days Maguire, StephenStephen Maguire Welsh OpenTV [video 39]
078 26 August 2011 O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (11) 35 years, 264 days Duffy, AdamAdam Duffy Paul Hunter ClassicTV [video 40]
079[26] 22 November 2011 Dunn, MikeMike Dunn 40 years, 2 days Maflin, KurtKurt Maflin German Masters (Q)
080[27] 27 November 2011 Gray, DavidDavid Gray (2) 32 years, 291 days Williams, RobbieRobbie Williams Players Tour Championship – Event 10 (Q)
081[28] 29 November 2011 Walden, RickyRicky Walden 29 years, 18 days Allen, GarethGareth Allen Players Tour Championship – Event 10
082[29] 15 December 2011 Stevens, MatthewMatthew Stevens 32 years, 95 days Wasley, MichaelMichael Wasley FFB Snooker Open
083[29] 15 December 2011 Ding Junhui (3) 24 years, 258 days Winstone, BrandonBrandon Winstone FFB Snooker Open
084[30] 17 December 2011 Ding Junhui (4) 24 years, 260 days Cahill, JamesJames Cahill Players Tour Championship – Event 11TV [video 41]
085[31] 18 December 2011 Cope, JamieJamie Cope (3) 26 years, 97 days Maflin, KurtKurt Maflin Players Tour Championship – Event 11
086[32] 14 January 2012 Fu, MarcoMarco Fu (2) 34 years, 6 days Selt, MatthewMatthew Selt World Open (Q) [video 42]
087[33] 11 April 2012 Milkins, RobertRobert Milkins (2) 36 years, 36 days Xiao Guodong World Championship (Q) [video 43]
088[34] 21 April 2012 Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (11) 43 years, 99 days Bingham, StuartStuart Bingham World ChampionshipTV [video 44]
089[35] 1 July 2012 Bingham, StuartStuart Bingham (3) 36 years, 41 days Walden, RickyRicky Walden Wuxi ClassicTV [video 45]
090[36] 24 August 2012 Doherty, KenKen Doherty 42 years, 342 days Treiber, JulianJulian Treiber Paul Hunter Classic
091[37] 23 September 2012 Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins (6) 37 years, 128 days Trump, JuddJudd Trump Shanghai MastersTV [video 46]
092[38] 16 November 2012 Ford, TomTom Ford (2) 29 years, 91 days Stevens, MatthewMatthew Stevens Bulgarian OpenTV [video 47]
093[39] 21 November 2012 Hicks, AndyAndy Hicks 39 years, 103 days Wells, DanielDaniel Wells UK Championship (Q)
094[40] 22 November 2012 Lisowski, JackJack Lisowski 21 years, 150 days Chen Zhe UK Championship (Q)
095[41] 5 December 2012 Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins (7) 37 years, 201 days Davis, MarkMark Davis UK ChampionshipTV [video 48]
096[42] 14 December 2012 Maflin, KurtKurt Maflin (2) 29 years, 128 days Carrington, StuartStuart Carrington Scottish Open
097[43] 16 March 2013 Ding Junhui (5) 25 years, 349 days Allen, MarkMark Allen Players Tour Championship – FinalsTV [video 49]
098[44] 28 May 2013 Robertson, NeilNeil Robertson (2) 31 years, 106 days Khairy, MohamedMohamed Khairy Wuxi Classic (Q) [video 50]
099[45] 15 November 2013 Trump, JuddJudd Trump 24 years, 87 days Selby, MarkMark Selby Antwerp Open
100[9] 7 December 2013 Selby, MarkMark Selby (2) 30 years, 171 days Walden, RickyRicky Walden UK ChampionshipTV [video 51]
101[46] 11 December 2013 Poomjaeng, DechawatDechawat Poomjaeng 35 years, 153 days Surety, ZakZak Surety German Masters (Q)
102[47] 12 December 2013 Wilson, GaryGary Wilson 28 years, 123 days Walden, RickyRicky Walden German Masters (Q)
103[48] 8 January 2014 Murphy, ShaunShaun Murphy (2) 31 years, 151 days Davis, MarkMark Davis Championship League [video 52]
104[49] 9 February 2014 Murphy, ShaunShaun Murphy (3) 31 years, 183 days Jones, JamieJamie Jones Gdynia Open [video 53]
105[50] 2 March 2014 O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (12) 38 years, 87 days Ding Junhui Welsh OpenTV [video 54]
106[51] 22 August 2014 Mehta, AdityaAditya Mehta 28 years, 295 days Maguire, StephenStephen Maguire Paul Hunter Classic
107[52] 23 October 2014 Day, RyanRyan Day 34 years, 214 days Yupeng, CaoCao Yupeng Haining Open [video 55]
108[53] 23 November 2014 Murphy, ShaunShaun Murphy (4) 32 years, 105 days Milkins, RobertRobert Milkins Ruhr OpenTV [video 56]
109[54] 4 December 2014 O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (13) 38 years, 364 days Selt, MatthewMatthew Selt UK ChampionshipTV [video 57]
110[55] 12 December 2014 Woollaston, BenBen Woollaston 27 years, 212 days Steele, JoeJoe Steele Lisbon Open
111[56] 5 January 2015 Hawkins, BarryBarry Hawkins (2) 35 years, 257 days Maguire, StephenStephen Maguire Championship League [video 58]
112[57] 11 January 2015 Fu, MarcoMarco Fu (3) 37 years, 3 days Bingham, StuartStuart Bingham MastersTV [video 59]
113[58] 6 February 2015 Trump, JuddJudd Trump (2) 25 years, 170 days Selby, MarkMark Selby German Masters [video 60]
114[10] 10 February 2015 Gilbert, DavidDavid Gilbert 33 years, 243 days Guodong, XiaoXiao Guodong Championship League [video 61]

Statistics

Table legend
TV Televised
(Q) Qualifying rounds
Multiple maximum breaks in tournaments
No. Tournament Player(s) Venue(s) Year
1 Matchroom League Parrott, JohnJohn Parrott Jimmy White Snooker Lodge, Aldershot 1992
Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry Rhondda Sports Centre, Rhondda
2 British Open Prince, JasonJason Prince (Q) Hazel Grove Snooker Club, Stockport 1999
(Spring)
Dott, GraemeGraeme DottTV Plymouth Pavilions, Plymouth
3 Scottish Open Maguire, StephenStephen Maguire (Q) A.E.C.C, Aberdeen 2000
O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'SullivanTV
4 Grand Prix Burnett, JamieJamie Burnett (Q) World Snooker Centre, Prestatyn 2007
Ford, TomTom Ford A.E.C.C, Aberdeen
5 World Snooker Championship Carter, AliAli CarterTV Crucible Theatre, Sheffield 2008
O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'SullivanTV
6 Bahrain Championship Liang Wenbo (Q) World Snooker Centre, Prestatyn 2008
Campbell, MarcusMarcus CampbellTV Bahrain International Exhibition Centre, Manama
7 Rhein–Main Masters Thirapongpaiboon, ThanawatThanawat Thirapongpaiboon Walter Kobel Sporthalle, Rüsselsheim 2010
Williams, MarkMark Williams
8[59] Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 10 Gray, DavidDavid Gray (Q) World Snooker Academy, Sheffield 2011
Walden, RickyRicky Walden
9[60] 2012 FFB Snooker Open Stevens, MatthewMatthew Stevens World Snooker Academy, Sheffield 2011
Ding Junhui
10[61] Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 11 Ding JunhuiTV English Institute of Sport, Sheffield 2011
Cope, JamieJamie Cope
11[62] World Snooker Championship Milkins, RobertRobert Milkins (Q) English Institute of Sport, Sheffield 2012
Hendry, StephenStephen HendryTV Crucible Theatre, Sheffield
12[63] UK Championship Hicks, AndyAndy Hicks (Q) World Snooker Academy, Sheffield 2012
Lisowski, JackJack Lisowski (Q)
Higgins, JohnJohn HigginsTV Barbican Centre, York
13[64] 2014 German Masters Poomjaeng, DechawatDechawat Poomjaeng (Q) Barnsley Metrodome, Barnsley 2013
Wilson, GaryGary Wilson (Q)
Table legend
TV Televised
(Q) Qualifying rounds
(D) Deciding frame
Match-winning maximum breaks
No. Player Tournament Year Round
01[65] Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry Charity Challenge 1997 FinalTV (D)
02[66] Williams, MarkMark Williams World Championship 2005 Last 32TV
03[67] O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan UK Championship 2007 Semi-finalTV (D)
04[68] O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan World Championship 2008 Last 16TV
05[69] Hawkins, BarryBarry Hawkins Players Tour Championship 2010/2011 – Event 3 2010 Last 32
06[70] O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan World Open 2010 Last 64TV (Q)
07[29] Stevens, MatthewMatthew Stevens Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 12 2011 Last 128
08[30] Ding Junhui Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 11 2011 Last 128TV
09[39] Hicks, AndyAndy Hicks UK Championship 2012 Last 80 (Q)
10[49] Murphy, ShaunShaun Murphy European Tour 2013/2014 – Event 8 2014 Last 16
11[71] O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan Welsh Open 2014 FinalTV
12[52] Day, RyanRyan Day Asian Tour 2014/2015 – Event 2 2014 Last 32
13[54] O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan UK Championship 2014 Last 16TV

Records

Firsts
  • The first known maximum break was made by [72][73]
  • Joe Davis compiled the first officially ratified 147 against Willie Smith in an exhibition match on 22 January 1955 at Leicester Square Hall, London.[7][74]
  • The first officially ratified maximum in competition was made by Rex Williams against Manuel Francisco in a match, Professionals v. Amateurs, on 23 December 1965 in Cape Town.[73][75]
  • The first maximum compiled in professional competition was made by [72] His achievement also wasn't recorded, as the television-crew were away on a tea-break.[73][76]
  • The first official maximum break in professional competition was made by [72] This was also the first televised 147.[7]
  • In 1983, Cliff Thorburn became the first player to make a maximum break at the World Championships, a feat that has since been repeated by Jimmy White, Stephen Hendry (three times), Ronnie O'Sullivan (three times), Mark Williams and Ali Carter.[34][77]
  • Cliff Thorburn became March 1989 the first player to have made more than one competitive maximum break, while Stephen Hendry became in November 1995 the first player to have made more than one televised maximum break.[18][19]
  • Mark Williams became the first person to compile an official maximum break against a woman, at the Rhein–Main Masters in October 2010.[18][19]
  • In 2014, Shaun Murphy became the first player to make three maximums in a calendar year at the Ruhr Open, having made one at the Championship League in January and another at the Gdynia Open in February.[53]
Multiple maximums
  • There have been at least four matches where more than one maximum was compiled. [72][73] In 2009 Jimmy White and Ronnie O'Sullivan compiled consecutive maximum breaks at an exhibition match in Ireland.[80] Mark King and Joe Jogia achieved the same feat at the Grove Open later in the same year.[81] The only player known to compile more than two maximum breaks on a single occasion is Adrian Gunnell, who compiled three maximums in four frames at a club in Telford in 2003 while practising against Ian Duffy.[82][83]
  • Higgins and O'Sullivan are the only players to record maximum breaks in consecutive ranking events. Higgins made one during his defeat by Mark Williams in the LG Cup final, and then one in his second round match at the British Open in 2003.[84][85] O'Sullivan made one at the Northern Ireland Trophy and another at the UK Championship in 2007.[67][86] Since top 16 players were seeded through to the second round at the 2003 British Open, Higgins' maximums also came in consecutive ranking matches, albeit not in the same tournament.
  • Higgins' maximum breaks at the 2003 LG Cup and 2004 Grand Prix made him the first and only player to record maximums in the same tournament in successive years (the LG Cup being the sponsor's name for that year's Grand Prix). Since Higgins made the maximums in the 2003 final and the 2004 first round, he made maximums in successive rounds of the same tournament but not at the same event.[87]
Final frames and matches
Chronometrical
  • O'Sullivan compiled the fastest maximum break in snooker, which took 5 minutes and 20 seconds recorded in the first round of the 1997 World Championship.[92][93] Michael White compiled the fastest maximum break in six-red snooker, it took 2 minutes and 28 seconds in the group stage of the 2009 Six-red World Championship.[92][94]
  • The youngest player to make a 147 in any competition is Judd Trump at the Potters Under-16 Tournament at the age of 14 years and 206 days.[92] The youngest player to make an official 147 in professional competition is Thanawat Thirapongpaiboon at the 2010 Rhein–Main Master at the age of 16 years and 312 days.[92] The youngest player to have made a televised 147 is Ding Junhui at the age of 19 years and 7 months in the 2007 Masters.[95][96]
  • The oldest player to make a maximum in professional competition is Stephen Hendry, who made his maximum break at the 2012 World Snooker Championship at the age of 43 years and 99 days.

Prize money

In professional tournaments there was usually a substantial prize awarded to any player achieving a 147 break. For example, Ronnie O'Sullivan's maximum at the 1997 World Championship earned him £165,000. Of this, £147,000 was for making the 147 break and £18,000 was for achieving the highest break of the tournament.[97] This was however abolished in the 2010/2011 season. In the 2011/2012 season World Snooker introduced a roll-over system for the maximum break prize money.[98] A maximum break is worth £5,000 in the televised stages and £500 in qualifying stages of major ranking events. There is a £500 prize in the Players Tour Championship events from the last 128 onwards.[99] If a maximum is not made then the prize rolls over to the next event until somebody wins it.[98]

Breaks exceeding 147

A break higher than 147 can be achieved when an opponent fouls and leaves the incoming player snookered on all 15 reds. The player can nominate one of the other colours as a red, known as a "free ball", which carries the same value as a red for just that shot. By potting the free ball followed by a colour, then the reds with colours and the colours up to the pink or black, the player can compile a break of more than 147. If the free ball is followed by a black, and the player goes on to clear the table taking all reds with blacks and then all six colours, the total score for the break is 155. In six-red snooker this is 83 and in snooker plus 221.

In October 2004, during qualifying for the [72][100][14]

There are also at least eight breaks exceeding 147 that have been recorded in non-tournament settings:

  • A 151 is reported to have been compiled by [72][101][102]
  • In April 1988 [72][103]
  • In 1993 [72]
  • In 1995 [72][103]
  • In 1997 [72]
  • In April 2003 [72]
  • In the summer of 2005, Jamie Cope made snooker's first maximum 155 break in a witnessed practice frame.[104]
  • In November 2010 [72][105]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Bartsch-Parker, Elizabeth; O'Maolalaigh, Roibeard; Burger, Stephen (1999). British Phrasebook (1st ed.). Hawthorn, Vic.: Lonely Planet. p. 146.  
  2. ^ a b "Maximum Snooker Record". The Times. 24 January 1955. p. 12. 
  3. ^ "J Davis's Record Recognized". The Times. 21 March 1957. p. 4. 
  4. ^ "Farewell Leicester Square - Hall of Memories lost to Billiards". The Times. 17 January 1955. p. 3. 
  5. ^ Wilson, Jeremy (28 April 2009). "Stephen Hendry progress in balance despite 147 maximum break". The Daily Telegraph (UK). Archived from the original on 2 June 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  6. ^ "Snooker's historic maximum breaks". SportingLife. 7 December 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c "First Official 147 Break in Snooker".  
  8. ^ "Snooker's historic maximum breaks".  
  9. ^ a b "Selby Makes Historic 147". worldsnooker.com.  
  10. ^ a b "Xiao Wins CLS7 / Gilbert Makes 147". worldsnooker.com.  
  11. ^ "Rocket Flies To Magical Maximum". worldsnooker.com.  
  12. ^ "Various Snooker Records". Chris Turner's Snooker Archive. Archived from the original on 10 February 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2010. 
  13. ^ Near-miss for Mark Selby in easy win over Mark King in China
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Videos

  1. ^ Steve Davis, Classic, 1982 on YouTube
  2. ^ Cliff Thorburn, World Championship, 1983 on YouTube
  3. ^ Kirk Stevens, Masters, 1984 on YouTube
  4. ^ James Wattana, British Open, 1992 on YouTube
  5. ^ Jimmy White, World Championship 1992 on YouTube
  6. ^ Stephen Hendry, World Championship, 1995 on YouTube
  7. ^ Stephen Hendry, UK Championship, 1995 on YouTube
  8. ^ Stephen Hendry, Charity Challenge, 1997 on YouTube
  9. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, World Championship, 1997 on YouTube
  10. ^ Stephen Hendry, Premier League, 1998 on YouTube
  11. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, Welsh Open, 1999 on YouTube
  12. ^ Stephen Hendry, British Open, 1999 on YouTube
  13. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, Grand Prix, 1999 on YouTube
  14. ^ Stephen Hendry, UK Championship, 1999 on YouTube
  15. ^ John Higgins, Nations Cup, 2000 on YouTube
  16. ^ John Higgins, Irish Masters, 2000 on YouTube
  17. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, Scottish Open, 2000 on YouTube
  18. ^ Marco Fu, Scottish Masters, 2000 on YouTube
  19. ^ Stephen Hendry, Malta Grand Prix, 2001 on YouTube
  20. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, LG Cup, 2001 on YouTube
  21. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, World Championship, 2003 on YouTube
  22. ^ John Higgins, LG Cup, 2003 on YouTube
  23. ^ John Higgins, British Open, 2003 on YouTube
  24. ^ John Higgins, Grand Prix, 2004 on YouTube
  25. ^ Mark Williams, World Championship, 2005 on YouTube
  26. ^ Ding Junhui, Masters, 2007 on YouTube
  27. ^ Andrew Higginson, Welsh Open, 2007 on YouTube
  28. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, Northern Ireland Trophy, 2007 on YouTube
  29. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, UK Championship, 2007 on YouTube
  30. ^ Stephen Maguire, China Open, 2008 on YouTube
  31. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, World Championship, 2008 on YouTube
  32. ^ Ali Carter, World Championship, 2008 on YouTube
  33. ^ Jamie Cope, Shanghai Masters, 2008 on YouTube
  34. ^ Ding Junhui, UK Championship, 2008 on YouTube
  35. ^ Stephen Hendry, World Championship, 2009 on YouTube
  36. ^ Neil Robertson, China Open, 2010 on YouTube
  37. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, World Open, 2010 on YouTube
  38. ^ Mark Williams, Rhein-Main Masters, 2010 on YouTube
  39. ^ Stephen Hendry, Welsh Open, 2011 on YouTube
  40. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, Paul Hunter Classic, 2011 on YouTube
  41. ^ Ding Junhui, PTC Event 1, 2011 on YouTube
  42. ^ Marco Fu, World Open Qualifying, 2012 on YouTube
  43. ^ Robert Milkins, World Championship Qualifying, 2012 on YouTube
  44. ^ Stephen Hendry, World Championship, 2012 on YouTube
  45. ^ Stuart Bingham, Wuxi Classic, 2012 on YouTube
  46. ^ John Higgins, Shanghai Masters, 2012 on YouTube
  47. ^ Tom Ford, Bulgarian Open, 2012 on YouTube
  48. ^ John Higgins, UK Championship, 2012 on YouTube
  49. ^ Ding Junhui, PTC Finals, 2013 on YouTube
  50. ^ Neil Robertson, Wuxi Classic Qualifying, 2013 on YouTube
  51. ^ Mark Selby, UK Championship, 2013 on YouTube
  52. ^ Shaun Murphy, Championship League, 2014 on YouTube
  53. ^ Shaun Murphy, Gdynia Open, 2014 on YouTube
  54. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, Welsh Open, 2014 on YouTube
  55. ^ Ryan Day, Haining Open, 2014 on YouTube
  56. ^ Shaun Murphy, Ruhr Open, 2014 on YouTube
  57. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, UK Championship, 2014 on YouTube
  58. ^ Barry Hawkins, Championship League, 2015 on YouTube
  59. ^ Marco Fu, Masters, 2015 on YouTube
  60. ^ Judd Trump, German Masters, 2015 on YouTube
  61. ^ David Gilbert, Championship League, 2015 on YouTube
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